LATN 284: The Age of Augustus
Spring Semester 2007
|Noun or Pronoun (if expressed)||Adjective (if any; including participles)||Sense in Context||Gender||Case||Number||Role in Sentence2|
|Maecenas||---||Maecenas||masc.||voc.||sing.||direct address for the whole sentence|
|nemo||contentus (predicate adj.)||no-one||masc.||nom.||sing.||subject of vivat and laudet in the result clause|
|sortem||quam||which lot [in life]||fem.||acc.||sing.||direct object of seu ratio dederit seu fors obiecerit in the relative clause|
|sibi||---||him(self: reflexive to nemo)||masc.||dat.||sing.||indirect object of dederit and obiecerit in the relative clause|
|ratio||---||reason||fem.||nom.||sing.||subject of dederit in the relative clause|
|fors||---||chance||fem.||nom.||sing.||subject of obiecerit in the relative clause|
|---||illa||it (sc. the lot in life)||fem.||abl.||sing.||abl. of means/instrument with contentus|
|---||diversa||different [things]||neut.||acc.||pl.||acc. of direct object with sequentis|
|---||sequentis||[people-who-are] following||masc.||acc.||pl.||acc. of direct object with laudet|
1"Substantive": a person, an animal, a thing, a concept, etc., when it is being talked about by the sentence - so that, for example, in the sentence legens scit, "The reader knows," the participle (verbal adjective) legens is a substantive, because it refers to a person (unexpressed but implied noun) who at the time of the sentence happens to be performing the action (so, literally, "[the person-who-is] reading"), but in the sentence liber lectus est, "The book has been read," the participle lectus is not a substantive, because it's part of the compound perfect-passive verb.
2"Role in sentence": brief statement of the reason why the substantive takes the form that it takes, in order to tell you what the sentence is using it to tell you.
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Revised 3 January 2007 by