[Loyola University Chicago]

LATN 284: The Age of Augustus

Spring Semester 2007

terracotta statuette of Priapus, Turkey

Substantive1 Grid

Qui fit, Maecenas, ut nemo, quam sibi sortem seu ratio dederit seu fors obiecerit, illa contentus vivat, laudet diversa sequentis? Horace, Serm. 1.1-3

Noun or Pronoun (if expressed) Adjective (if any; including participles) Sense in Context Gender Case Number Role in Sentence2
Maecenas --- Maecenas masc. voc. sing. direct address for the whole sentence
nemo contentus (predicate adj.) no-one masc. nom. sing. subject of vivat and laudet in the result clause
sortem quam which lot [in life] fem. acc. sing. direct object of seu ratio dederit seu fors obiecerit in the relative clause
sibi --- him(self: reflexive to nemo) masc. dat. sing. indirect object of dederit and obiecerit in the relative clause
ratio --- reason fem. nom. sing. subject of dederit in the relative clause
fors --- chance fem. nom. sing. subject of obiecerit in the relative clause
--- illa it (sc. the lot in life) fem. abl. sing. abl. of means/instrument with contentus
--- diversa different [things] neut. acc. pl. acc. of direct object with sequentis
--- sequentis [people-who-are] following masc. acc. pl. acc. of direct object with laudet

1"Substantive": a person, an animal, a thing, a concept, etc., when it is being talked about by the sentence - so that, for example, in the sentence legens scit, "The reader knows," the participle (verbal adjective) legens is a substantive, because it refers to a person (unexpressed but implied noun) who at the time of the sentence happens to be performing the action (so, literally, "[the person-who-is] reading"), but in the sentence liber lectus est, "The book has been read," the participle lectus is not a substantive, because it's part of the compound perfect-passive verb.

2"Role in sentence": brief statement of the reason why the substantive takes the form that it takes, in order to tell you what the sentence is using it to tell you.

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Revised 3 January 2007 by jlong1@orion.it.luc.edu