|Introduction to Women's Studies and
Classical Studies: |
Goals Historical: What do we know about women from long ago? Where do we come from? How did we get to where we are now? Evaluation: What was good or bad about women in ancient Greece and Rome--As they, women and men, saw it; as we, women and men, see it? What are the positive examples? What are examples we want to avoid or improve on? How do these stories show us how problems we might consider unique to ourselves really have consequences for others in our own or different societies?
How can we find the ways to obviate or overcome problems in our own or others' lives? How can we find the beauty and glory in ourselves and others, realize the potential for growth and flourishing, develop pride in what we are and can be, sympathy for what holds us back.Acknowledge diversity and common concerns: What makes life worthwhile for me? How do I get to where I want to go? How can my goals and yours mesh--not tangle? What are my/your limitations: personal, gender related, racial or ethnic, economic, educational, class distinctions? How can our limitations serve as points of growth?
For the literature: KNOW DETAILS : Who says and does what to whom for what reasons with what consequences?KNOW CONTEXT: society in which story is placed; for whom the story is told. a. Literary genre b. Role of speaker (author or character in story): Amuse, instruct, encourage, outrage, tantalize? Importance of gender, age, social class? c. Relevance of imagery, metaphores, similes Know context and authors Bronze Age, 3,000-1100 B.C.E.: Crete, Mycenae, Argos, Thebes, Troy; (Greek myth setting) Dark Ages, 1100-800 B.C.E. Archaic Period: 800-500 B.C.E.: Panhellenic Festivals, Writing, Laws, Colonies; Geometric Art Homer, Hesiod, Alcman, Archilochus, Semonides, Pindar, SAPPHO
Classical Period 500-323 B.C.E.: Democracy; Persian Wars; Peloponnesian Wars; Athens; Sparta; Thebes; Playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes; Philosophers Socrates, Plato, Aristotle; Physician Hippocrates; Orator Demosthenes, PoetsTELESILLA, KORINNA, PRAXILLA Hellenistic Period 323-31 B.C.E.: Followers of Alexander the Great establish dynasties;
Theocritus, Apollonius of Rhodes, Menander, ANYTE, NOSSIS, MOERO, ERINNA
Roman expansion through country of Italy and around the Mediterranean Sea
Roman Period: 31 B.C.E. - 500 C.E.: Catullus, Vergil, Propertius, Horace, Cicero, SULPICIA
Odyssey 6 (Norton Anthology)
"Mistress, please, are you divine or
Hesiod, Theogony 589 ff (Fantham 40-1)
Then the gods and mortal men were
struck with amazement
Chorus of Corinthian Women in Euripides, Medea (Norton Anthology)
Flow backward to your sources,
sacred rivers/ and let the world's great order be reversed.
He seems to me to be like the