dfsXZ Human Resources, Loyola University Chicago

Human Resources|Loyola University Chicago

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Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Loyola University Chicago is committed to the adoption and implementation of a program to prevent the unlawful possession, use or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees. In support of this commitment and in compliance with the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989, the following information is provided.

All employees are required to come to the workplace ready and able to work [see Fitness for Duty Policy]. If an employee may be impaired by medication taken according to a physician's prescription or the medication's directions, he or she is expected to discuss it with his or her supervisor.

Counseling, Rehabilitation, and Employee Assistance
While seeking help does not negate workplace responsibilities, the University does encourage and provide free and confidential consultation and assistance to any employee who may have problems with substance abuse through Loyola's Employee Assistance Program (EAP).The University offers an Employee Assistance Program to help find solutions to issues and difficulties of the daily life.  This program is offered, at no cost, through Perspectives, Ltd, and it is available to all employees and their families.
 
With offices in and around the Chicagoland area and availability on the Lake Shore and Water Tower campuses, Perspectives offers a wide variety of assistance to faculty, staff and their families including: Individual counseling on a wide range of personal and work issues, Supervisor and manager consultations, Work/Life services, Workshops and Seminars for departments, Wellness and educational materials and resources.

To schedule an individual appointment with one of Perspectives' licensed professionals call (800) 456-6327. Perspectives’ schedules appointments between 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. weekdays and has 24-hr/7-day-a-week emergency services.
 
To access Perspectives from outside Loyola, go to http://www.perspectivesltd.com/login.htm.  The username is: LOY500.  The password is: perspectives.

Health Risks and Dangers in the Workplace:
Faculty and staff are encouraged to attend seminars and information sessions on the health risks and dangers of substance and alcohol abuse given by Loyola's EAP and the wellness center each year. These programs are designed to educate students, staff and faculty on substance abuse, its health risks and identifying signs. For further information on the risks of substance abuse the information below or see the following websites: http://www.theantidrug.com/ .


   Health Risks

Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including spouse and child abuse. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person's ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression & death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the effects just described. Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations & convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life threatening. Long-term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver. Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and mental retardation. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other youngsters of becoming alcoholics.

Hallucinogens disrupt the brain chemicals that enable us to make sense out of our environment. Most of those used by college students are manufactured chemical compounds. The most common compound is LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide). It & other hallucinogens are potent and extremely unpredictable drugs that produce fast-acting and unexpected effects. The most common acute reactions are panic revolving around severe anxiety and intense fear of losing control and psychotic reactions involving severe breaks with reality & persistent hallucinations and delusions. Psychotic reactions have been known to last weeks or months and often require hospitalization. The long-term or chronic effects of LSD use are not known at this time, but many ex-users report experiencing, flashbacks, even several years after a bad trip.

Marijuana is an illegal drug with high potential for abuse. Because it affects the way a person thinks, learns & acts, its use is especially harmful, even dangerous, in many situations. Marijuana interferes with speech, memory & learning and makes tasks that require a clear mind difficult, meaningless, or unsafe. It also slows reactions & interferes with coordination. Marijuanas dangers increase in combination with alcohol. Marijuana smoking also poses a serious threat to the user's lungs & heart and to the immune & reproductive systems.

Inhalants include easy-to-obtain products such as cleaning fluids, solvents, aerosols & airplane glue. They act on the central nervous system much like such volatile anesthetics as ether & chloroform and they produce bizarre perceptual & hallucinatory actions. Short-term physical effects include sneezing, lack of coordination, loss of appetite, rapid heartbeat & seizures. Psychological effects include euphoria, exhilaration, confusion, disorientation, loss of inhibitions, and impulsive behavior that may lead to injuries & accidents. Long-term health risks include nosebleeds, loss of consciousness, hepatitis, liver failure, kidney failure, respiratory depression, blood abnormalities, irregular heartbeat, and possible suffocation.

Depressants include barbiturates, sedatives, and anti-anxiety drugs. They are usually taken orally. They depress not only the activity of the brain, causing an effect on the heart and respiration, but also muscle tissues. Short-term physical effects include drowsiness, slurred speech, irritability, stupor, and impaired judgment, memory, and attention. Long-term effects include disrupted sleep, psychosis, respiratory depression, and coma, and neuropsychological and structural brain damage. Withdrawal can produce extreme anxiety, insomnia, convulsions, and death.

Narcotics include opium, morphine, heroin, codeine and synthetic substances that can be taken orally, snorted, smoked, or injected into the skin or a vein. They relax the central nervous system and appear to be able to reduce anxiety levels, promote drowsiness, and allow sleep in spite of severe pain. Short-term physical effects include pinpoint pupils, lethargy, skin abscesses, chronic constipation, nausea, and respiratory depression. Psychological effects include anxiety, irritability, mood swings, depression, drug seeking, and antisocial behavior.

Cocaine is a white crystalline powder, often diluted with other ingredients. Crack cocaine is a light brown or beige pellet or crystalline rock that resembles coagulated soap. Cocaine is inhaled through the nasal passages or injected; crack is smoked. Cocaine speeds up physical and mental processes, creates a sense of heightened energy and confidence and alters the pleasure centers in the brain. Physical short-term effects include headache, exhaustion, shaking, dilated pupils, blurred vision, nausea, loss of appetite, palpitations, and arrhythmias. Psychological effects include impaired judgment, hyperactivity, suspicion, acute anxiety, paranoid ideation, and violence. Repeated use or use of high dosages causes long-term effects. The effect on the central nervous system suppresses the desire for food, sex, and sleep. The cardiovascular system is affected resulting in high blood pressure, irregular heart rate, damage to heart tissue, constriction of blood vessels, and stroke. Cocaine also causes neurological and respiratory damage; there is danger of respiratory arrest. It damages the mucous membranes of the nasal passages and causes sinusitis and a loss of sense of smell. The male reproductive system is also negatively affected. In women there are implications for the fetus in the event of pregnancy.

   Alcohol and Other Drug Programs

While seeking help does not negate workplace responsibilities, the University does encourage and provide free and confidential consultation and assistance to any employee who may have problems with substance abuse through Loyola's Employee Assistance Program (EAP). To schedule an individual appointment with one of Perspectives' licensed professionals call (800) 456-6327. Perspectives’ schedules appointments between 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. weekdays and has 24-hr/7-day-a-week emergency services.
 
To access Perspectives from outside Loyola, go to http://www.perspectivesltd.com/login.htm.  The username is: LOY500.  The password is: perspectives.

   Standards of Conduct

The unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession or use of a controlled substance and/or illegal use of alcohol by students, faculty or staff on Loyola University Chicago property or at university-sponsored functions is prohibited. All employees are required to come to the workplace ready and able to work (see Fitness for Duty Policy). If an employee may be impaired by medication taken according to a physician's prescription or the medication's directions, he or she is expected to discuss it with his or her supervisor.

A faculty or staff member must notify Loyola University Chicago, in writing, if she or he is convicted for a violation of a criminal drug statue occurring in the workplace and must do so no more than five calendar days after the conviction.

   

   Disciplinary Sanctions

Violation of this policy will result in implementation of the staff discipline policy up to and including termination, or the Faculty Handbook sanctions including Dismissal of Tenured or Non-Tenured Faculty for Cause.
Beyond University penalties, local, state and federal sanctions may be imposed.

   Legal Sanctions

Local, state and federal laws make illegal use of drugs and alcohol serious crimes. Conviction can lead to imprisonment, fines and assigned community service. In addition, property used in connection with illegal drugs may be confiscated, federal student loans, grants and contracts may be denied, and illegal use of drugs or alcohol may result in revocation of driving privileges. 

   

   Federal Trafficking Penalties

Drug/Schedule Quantity Penalties Quantity Penalties

Cocaine (Schedule II)

500 - 4999 gms mixture

First Offense:

Not less than 5 yrs, and not more than 40 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 or more than life. Fine of not more than $2 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual

Second Offense: Not less than 10 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual
 
 
 
 
 

5 kgs or more mixture

First Offense:

Not less than 10 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 or more than life. Fine of not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not less than 20 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $8 million if an individual, $20 million if not an individual.

2 or More Prior Offenses: Life imprisonment
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cocaine Base (Schedule II)

5-49 gms mixture

50 gms or more mixture

Fentanyl (Schedule II)

40 - 399 gms mixture

400 gms or more mixture

Fentanyl Analogue (Schedule I)

10 - 99 gms mixture

100 gms or more mixture

Heroin (Schedule I)

100 - 999 gms mixture

1 kg or more mixture

LSD (Schedule I)

1 - 9 gms mixture

10 gms or more mixture

Methamphetamine (Schedule II)

5 - 49 gms pure or 50 - 499 gms mixture

50 gms or more pure or 500 gms or more mixture


PCP (Schedule II)


10 - 99 gms pure or 100 - 999 gms mixture

 


100 gm or more pure or 1 kg or more mixture

 

Other Schedule I & II drugs (and any drug product containing Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid)

Any amount

Second Offense: Not more than 30 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than life. Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual

Flunitrazepam
(Schedule IV)

1 gm or more

 

Other Schedule III drugs

Any amount

First Offense: Not more than 5 years. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more 10 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if not an individual

Flunitrazepam (Schedule IV)

30 to 999 mgs

All other Schedule IV drugs

Any amount

First Offense: Not more than 3 years. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 6 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if not an individual.

Flunitrazepam (Schedule IV)

 

All Schedule V drugs

Any amount

First Offense: Not more than 1 yr. Fine not more than $100,000 if an individual, $250,000 if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 2 yrs. Fine not more than $200,000 if an individual, $500,000 if not an individual.

    

   Federal Trafficking Penalties - Marijuana

Drug Quantity 1st Offense 2nd Offense

Marijuana

1,000 kg or more mixture; or 1,000 or more plants

* Not less than 10 years, not more than life 

* If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life 

* Fine not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if other than an individual

* Not less than 20 years, not more than life

* If death or serious injury, mandatory life

* Fine not more than $8 million if an individual, $20 million if other than an individual

Marijuana

100 kg to 999 kg mixture; or 100 to 999 plants

* Not less than 5 years, not more than 40 years

* If death or serous injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life

* Fine not more than $2 million if an individual, $5 million if other than an individual

* Not less than 10 years, not more than life

* If death or serious injury, mandatory life

* Fine not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if other than an individual

Marijuana

more than 10 kgs hashish; 50 to 99 kg mixture
more than 1 kg of hashish oil; 50 to 99 plants

* Not more than 20 years

* If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life

* Fine $1 million if an individual, $5 million if other than an individual

* Not more than 30 years

* If death or seroius injury, mandatory life

* Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if other than individual

Marijuana

1 to 49 plants; less than 50 kg mixture

* Not more than 5 years

* Fine not more than $250,000, $1 million other than individual

* Not more than 10 years

* Fine $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if other than individual

 

 


    

   Federal Penalties and Sanctions for Illegal Possession of a Controlled Substance


21 U.S.C. 844(a)

1st conviction: Up to 1 year imprisonment and fined at least $1,000 but not more than $100,000, or both.

After 1 prior drug conviction: At least 15 days in prison, not to exceed 2 years and fined at least $2,500 but not more than $250,000, or both.

After 2 or more prior drug convictions: At least 90 days in prison, not to exceed 3 years and fined at least $5,000 but not more than $250,000, or both.

Special sentencing provision for possession of crack cocaine: Mandatory at least 5 years in prison, not to exceed 20 years and fined up to $250,000, or both, if:


(a)1st conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 5 grams.

(b)2nd crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 3 grams.

(c)3rd or subsequent crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 1 gram.


21 U.S.C. 853a

Denial of Federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses, up to 1 year for first offense, up to 5 years for second and subsequent offenses.

18 U.S.C. 922(g)

Ineligible to receive or purchase a firearm.

   Miscellaneous

Revocation of certain Federal licenses and benefits, e.g., pilot licenses, public housing tenancy, etc., are vested within the authorities of individual Federal agencies.

Note: These are only Federal penalties and sanctions. Additional State penalties and sanctions may apply.


Illinois law prohibits the unlawful manufacture, possession, use or distribution of marijuana and controlled substances, including narcotics, barbiturates and cocaine. Violation of state law may result in arrest and conviction on charges of a misdemeanor or felony offense. An individual so convicted may be fined and/or imprisoned. The sale or distribution of alcohol to or possession by persons under the age of 21 is also prohibited by state law. Any person who violates this law may be charged with a misdemeanor offense and punished accordingly.

(rev: 10/06/09)