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Undergraduate Studies Catalog


Lake Shore Campus:
Crown Center 402
Phone: 773-508-2240
FAX: 773-508-8696

Water Tower Campus:
Lewis Towers 900
Phone: 312-915-6718
FAX: 312-915-8593

Professors Emeriti: E. Baldeshwiler, P. Casey, R. Clarkson, A. Donohue, R. Hartnett, W. Hiebel, A. LaBranche, R. McGugan, P. Messbarger, J. Nabholtz, H. Puckett, J. Shea, D. White, J. Wolff

Professors: J.B. Bouson, P. Caughie, F. Fennell (acting chairperson), A. Frantzen, S. Gossett, P. Jay, S. Jones, D. Kaplan, G. Phillips, S.J., J. Wexler

Associate Professors: J. Biester, C. Castiglia, D Chinitz, M. Clarke, V. Foster, J. Janangelo, T. Kaminski, C. Kendrick, H. Mann, M. Masi, J. Rocks,

Assistant Professors: T. O’Donnell

Adjunct Professor: S. Walsh

Assistant Professors of Writing: V. Anderson, C. Becker, M. DeLancey, J. Jacobs, R. Sheasby

Instructors of Writing: A. Adams, M. Loweth, C. Sanchez, S. Urban

The full-time major in English is offered on the Lake Shore campus; courses for majors are also offered at the Water Tower campus, primarily in the evening.


The undergraduate major program aims to train students in the careful practice of sound literary analysis; to present literature written in English in the relevant social and historical contexts; and to enhance students’ abilities to write clearly, gracefully, and forcefully.

In carrying out its aims, the program retains traditional strengths: a strong writing program; the critical study of texts from various periods of American and British literature (including Shakespeare); and an introduction to literary theory. It also allows for five electives and encourages students to use those electives to "concentrate" in areas of current concern to the discipline such as World Literatures in English and Cultural Studies. Students may also take courses in advanced writing or linguistics and pursue internship opportunities.


Every English major is expected to meet with an advisor in the department at least once each semester.


Students are encouraged (especially if they plan to do graduate study in English) to acquire knowledge of one or more classical or modern foreign languages and their literatures.


Advanced Placement Program: Entering freshmen who have earned scores of 4 or 5 in the Advanced Placement Program of the College Entrance Examination Board may be granted credit as follows: in English language, three credit hours in ENGL 105; in English literature, six credit hours in ENGL 105 and 273.

English Requirements for Non-Majors: (1) ENGL 105 and 106 (unless waived). Certain students may be required to enroll also in ENGL 100, 102, 103 or 209. These courses must be completed with grades of "C" or better. (2) To fulfill the core requirement in literature, students may choose from among the following courses: ENGL 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 277, 278, 279, 280, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 289, 290. (3) To fulfill the core requirement in the expressive and communicative arts, students may take any of the following courses: ENGL 310, 317, 318.

Prerequisites: ENGL 105 completed with a grade of "C" or better, unless formally waived, is prerequisite to all other English courses. At least one 200-level literature course is prerequisite to any 300-level literature or creative writing course.

Requirements for the Minor in English: The English minor consists of six courses numbered 270 and above; at least three must be at the 300-level and one must be at the 200-level. Students are encouraged to plan, in consultation with the director of undergraduate programs, a course sequence based on their interests (e.g., writing, world literatures, law, medicine).

Requirements for the Major in English: Students who enroll at Loyola for the first time after August 2001 will be required to follow the course sequence below if they wish to graduate with a major in English. Students who were already enrolled prior to that date may elect to complete this set of requirements or to take the courses required under the previous major. Students’ assigned faculty advisors or the undergraduate program director will answer specific questions during this transitional period.

Twelve courses (totaling 36 credit hours) are required, no more than four at the 200-level. These must include the following courses: ENGL 354 (Contemporary Critical Theory); 326 (Shakespeare); 390 (Advanced Seminar). In addition, the student must take three courses in literature in English before 1900 (including at least one course covering material prior to 1700 and at least one course covering material after 1700) and one course in literature in English since 1900. One of the twelve courses taken must be designated by the department as multicultural.

The department offers several "concentrations" that allow students to use their electives within the major to specialize in areas of interest in English Studies. Currently students may select from American Studies, Cultural Studies, Drama, Modernist Studies, Feminist and Gender Studies, and World Literatures in English. Each "concentration" has its own requirements, which may include the option of taking a course from a neighboring discipline. Students electing to take a concentration must consult with their faculty advisor and file a brief declaration form with the undergraduate program director at the earliest possible date.

Courses numbered ENGL 209 and below do not count as part of the twelve courses for the English major or the six courses for the English minor.

No more than six courses (18 semester hours) will be accepted in the major from other institutions. A student who receives a "D+" or "D" in a required major course must either repeat the course or take another course on the same level in lieu of the repetition. Students who receive a grade below "C" in an English course will be counseled about the advisability of continuing in the major; those who receive a second grade below "C" may be dropped from the major.

Degree Requirements for Major in English (B.A.)
Credit Hrs.
English 105 and 106 unless waived
English 354, 326, 390, additional courses described under "Departmental Regulations"
History core
Mathematics core
Philosophy core
Theology core
Natural science core
Social science core
Communicative/expressive arts core
Foreign language
Electives to complete 128 credit hours

Requirements for the English Major with a Concentration in Creative Writing: Twelve courses (totaling 36 credit hours) are required, no more than four at the 200-level. These must include ENGL 354; 326; three courses in literature in English before 1900 (including at least one course covering material prior to 1700 and at least one course covering material after 1700); and one course in literature in English since 1900. In addition, five courses are required for the creative writing concentration itself: 317 (Writing of Poetry); 318 (Writing of Fiction); 357 (Literature from a Writer’s Perspective); 397 (Advanced Writing Workshop: Poetry); and/or 398 (Advanced Writing Workshop: Fiction). Students may take both 397 and 398, or they may elect to take either 397 or 398 twice. One course of the twelve courses taken must be designated by the department as multicultural. After taking 317 and 318, a student must submit a portfolio of his/her work for the approval of the creative writing teachers before being allowed to continue in the concentration. Up to two creative writing courses can be applied to the regular major as electives.

Certification Requirements for Teaching English in High Schools: Students planning to teach high-school English follow a curriculum designed to meet both state and national standards for teacher preparation. Twelve courses (totaling 36 credit hours) are required, no more than four at the 200 level. These must include: ENGL 270 (Criticism and Theory) or 354; 303 (Grammar: Principles and Pedagogy); 326; 390; 396 (Teaching High School English); two courses in Medieval or Renaissance literature; two courses in 18th or 19th century British literature; two courses in American literature (at least one at the 300 level); and one course in 20th century literature (this course cannot also fulfill an American literature requirement). One of the twelve courses taken must be designated by the department as multicultural.

Students must also complete a minor in Education, take CIEP 350 (Adolescent Literature), and meet other requirements set by the State of Illinois. For this reason, they are strongly encouraged to meet with the department’s advisor for teacher preparation as soon as they become interested in a possible teaching career.

Requirements for the Honors Program in English: To graduate with honors in English, students in the English honors program normally must take three honors tutorials (ENGL 395). In addition, the honors major must pass an examination. Honors students must maintain a 3.4 GPA in English courses.

Courses Of Instruction

100. Developmental Writing.
[Placement required] Writing fundamentals for students who need additional preparation before taking 105. Emphasizes small class size, frequent practice in writing both in and out of class, and special attention to grammar and mechanics.

102. College Composition ESL 1.
[Placement required] Grammar and writing instruction for college-level students for whom English is a second language, and who require focused work in revising, language usage, and composing.

103. College Composition ESL 2.
[Placement required] A course to improve the linguistic abilities of students for whom English is a second language. Emphasizes expository writing: organization, grammar, and style.

105. Writing I.
Development of the skills of critical reading, critical thinking, and critical writing. Extensive practice in the process of writing.

106. Writing II.
Instruction in clear and effective composition, concentrating on formal argumentation and persuasion based on close textual analysis and research of significant issues. Introduction to research skills, continued development of the skills of critical reading, critical thinking, and critical writing.

206. Children’s Literature. (CIEP 206)

209. Writing Practicum.
[Placement required] A course for transfer students who have satisfied Loyola’s college requirement in writing but who need additional training in such basic skills as grammar and organization.

270. Criticism and Theory.
An introduction to critical terminology and issues in literary criticism and contemporary theory. Students will read both theoretical and literary texts.

271. Introduction to Poetry.
Training in the understanding, appreciation, and criticism of poetry; extensive readings and several critical analyses are required.

272. Introduction to Drama.
Training in the understanding, appreciation, and criticism of drama; extensive readings and several critical analyses are required.

273. Introduction to Fiction.
Training in the understanding, appreciation, and criticism of prose fiction; extensive readings and several critical analyses are required.

274. Shakespeare.
Introduction to the works of Shakespeare as literature and as theatre. At least three of the four genres (comedy, history, tragedy, romance) are considered, with emphasis on close analysis of the text, historical background, and thematic and dramatic structures. Credit for 274 will count as elective credit toward the major only if the course was taken before the student declared the major.

277. Chief American Writers I (to 1900).
Study of selected American writers from the earlier period; these may include Thoreau, Emerson, Melville, Douglass, Whitman, and Dickinson.

278. Chief American Writers II (1900 to present).
Study of selected American writers from the later period; these may include Eliot, Pound, Hemingway, Faulkner, and Morrison.

279. Medieval Culture. (CATH 278) (MSTU 304)
Interdisciplinary inquiry into the Middle Ages, with texts drawn predominantly from English writing of the period 700-1500. Encompasses historical, sociological, and cross-cultural perspectives.

280. Biography/Autobiography.
Study of literary depictions of individuals’ lives; authors may include Augustine, Boswell, Rousseau, H. Adams, and Strachey.

282. African-American Literature. (BWS 282)
Study of selected works by African-American authors; these may include Douglass, Wright, Baldwin, Hughes, Hurston, Morrison, and Walker.

283. Women in Literature. (WOST 283)
Explores representations of gender in fiction, drama, and poetry by male or female authors.

284. Introduction to Film History.
Studies the relationship of cinema to fiction and drama by tracing film history from the time of Chaplin through modern directors. Small fee may be required to defray rental costs.

285. Introduction to Tragedy.
Introduction to the genre of dramatic tragedy through the study of classical plays and such playwrights as Marlowe, Shakespeare, O’Neill, and Miller.

286. Introduction to Comedy.
Study of literary works which begin in difficulty but end happily, and of works that produce laughter in their audiences. Authors may include novelists such as Dickens and dramatists such as Sheridan and Shaw.

288. Nature in Literature. (ESP 288) (PAX 288)
Study of the relationship between human beings and the natural environment in which they function, as exemplified in a variety of works.

289. Society in Literature.
Study of literary works that explore how individuals reconcile their own needs with the needs and claims of a larger society.

290. Human Values in Literature.
Study of a perennial psychological or philosophical problem facing the individual as exemplified in literary works, e.g., the passage from innocence to experience, the problem of death, and the idea of liberty.

300. History of the English Language.
Study of the origin and development of English; its sounds, word-forms, and syntax.

302. Structure of American English.
Study of American English, including modern grammars, theories of usage, and linguistic geography.

303. English Grammar: Principles and Pedagogy.
Review of models of English grammar, both traditional and contemporary, focusing on methods of syntactic analysis and on potential applications for the classroom. Required for students planning to teach high school English, but open to others.

304. Survey of British Literature I.
Survey of British literature from Beowulf through the 17th century.

305. Survey of British Literature II.
Survey of 18th and 19th-century British literature.

306. Studies in Women Writers (WOST 306)
Study of significant issues raised in and by women-authored works. May cover fiction, drama, and/or poetry from any literary period.

307. Topics in Feminist and Gender Studies. (WOST 307)
Introduction to significant topics and methods in gender studies and feminist theory.

308. Biblical Literature.
Examination of the Bible from literary perspectives (e.g. historical contexts, uses of narrative and metaphor, questions of authorship).

309. Irish Literature.
Study of one or more topics in Irish literature (as defined by subtitle each time the course is offered).

310. Advanced Writing.
Further instruction in clear and effective writing. Subtitle may define topic (e.g. Writing about Film).

311. Advanced Composition for Pre-Law Students.
Studies in argument and exposition from a lawyer’s perspective for students considering the study of law.

312. Studies in World Literature in English. (INTS 312)
Introduction to a range of theoretical approaches to world literatures in English. Authors studied may include Fanon, Spivak, Said, Bhabha, Gilroy and Appadurai.

313. Border Literatures. (INTS 311)
Study of border theory and of the literatures and cultures of the U.S./Mexican border zone.

314. African Literatures in English. (BWS 384) (INTS 317)
Study of literature written in English from countries in Africa and from the African diaspora. Authors studied may include Achebe, Soyinka, Ngugi, Kincaid and Emecheta.

315. South Asian Literatures in English. (INTS 318)
Study of literature written in English from South Asia and from the South Asian diaspora. Authors studied may include Rushdie, Desai, Narayan, Sidhwa, and Naipaul.

316. Caribbean Literatures in English. (BWS 316) (INTS 316)
Study of literature written in English from the Caribbean. Authors studied may include Lamming, Rhys, Harris, Cliff, Lovelace, and Brathwaite.

317. The Writing of Poetry.
Discussion of the techniques of poetry; analysis and criticism of verse manuscripts submitted by class members.

318. The Writing of Fiction.
Discussion of the techniques of fiction; analysis and criticism of fiction manuscripts submitted by class members.

320. English Literature: The Medieval Periods.
(CATH 321) (MSTU 308) Survey of Old and Middle English literature, studied partly in translation and partly in the original.

321. English Literature: Introduction to Anglo-Saxon.
(MSTU 312) Introduction to the fundamentals of the Old English language (c. 600-1150), surveying poetry and prose in the original.

322. Chaucer.
(CATH 322) (MSTU 316) Introduction to the life and writings of Chaucer, based on intensive study of the complete Canterbury Tales.

323. English Literature: Studies in Medieval Literature. (MSTU 320)
Intensive study of selected Old or Middle English texts, such as Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde, medieval drama, and Sir Gawain, either in the original or in translation.

325. British Literature: The Renaissance.
Study of literature of the Tudor, Stuart, and Cromwellian periods, excluding Shakespeare, by authors such as Sidney, Spenser, Donne, and Milton.

326. Shakespeare: Selected Plays.
Advanced study of selected plays as theatre and as literature. Topics may include Shakespeare’s life, sources, and influence; background of Renaissance literature and drama; Elizabethan theatre; the tradition of Shakespeare criticism.

327. Studies in Shakespeare.
Prerequisite: 274 or 326.

Intensive reading of selected Shakespeare plays.

328. Studies in the Renaissance.
Intensive consideration of selected Renaissance texts (excluding Shakespeare and Milton).

329. Milton.
Intensive examination of Milton’s major works, both prose and poetry, in the context of his age.

330. British Literature: Restoration and Eighteenth Century.
Study of literature between Dryden and Blake including such authors as Swift, Addison, Pope, Johnson, Defoe, Fielding, Wycherley, Sheridan, and Goldsmith.

333. Studies in the Restoration and Eighteenth Century.
Intensive consideration of selected Restoration and eighteenth-century texts.

335. British Literature: The Romantic Period.
Study of literature of the Romantic movement in context; authors may include Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Smith, Byron, P.B. Shelley, M.W. Shelley, Keats, Hemans, Hazlitt, and Austen.

338. Studies in the Romantic Period.
Intensive consideration of selected Romantic period texts.

340. British Literature: The Victorian Period.
Study of literature from Tennyson to Hardy; authors may include Tennyson, the Brownings, Arnold, the Brontës, Hopkins, Hardy, Newman, Dickens, Thackeray, and George Eliot.

343. Studies in the Victorian Period.
Intensive consideration of selected Victorian texts.

344. Studies in Modernism
May either adopt a thematic approach to issues surrounding modernism and modernity, or focus on a particular writer or group of writers associated with modernism.

345. British Literature: The Twentieth Century.
Study of British poetry, fiction, and prose in the twentieth century.

348. Studies in British Literature: The Twentieth Century.
Intensive consideration of selected twentieth century British texts.

351. Contemporary Literature.
Study of developments in literature written in English since 1945.

354. Contemporary Critical Theory.
This introduction to critical terminology and to issues in contemporary criticism and theory focuses on readings in representative theorists from a variety of disciplines and emphasizes how texts come to bear meaning for members of a culture.

355. Studies in Literary Criticism.
Study of the philosophical basis of aesthetics; foundations of taste; theories of criticism; critical principles and standards; the historical schools of criticism, illustrated by the work of the great critics.

356. History of Rhetorical Theory.
Historical survey of major trends and figures in rhetorical theory. Rhetoric will be studied as a theory of the use of language to create responses in an audience, and as a theory of discourse alongside literary criticism and philosophy.

357. Literature from a Writer’s Perspective.
Prerequisite: 317 or 318. Intended for upper division students of creative writing but not limited to such students. Examination of literature from various periods in either poetry or prose, for technical innovation and genre development with particular emphasis on applications to the creative process.

358. Cultural Theory.
Introduction to theories informing the field of Cultural Studies and to the history of theoretical writings about "culture."

359. High and Low Culture.
Study of interactions between elite and popular culture, possibly focusing on a historical period or on a conceptual issue (e.g. the framing of "canons").

360. Topics in the Study of Culture.
Intensive study of a selected topic concerned with the material analysis of "culture" (e.g. electronic media, popular drama and performance, colonial culture).

361. Modern Poetry.
Study of tradition, experiment, and originality in poetry since 1880; critical traditions; problems of form and technique.

362. Studies in Poetry.
Study of poetry centered on a theme, topic, genre, critical approach, author, or group of authors; readings may cut across historical periods and geographical boundaries.

365. Drama: Medieval and Renaissance.
Study of dramatic works from earlier periods in the appropriate historical contexts.

366. Drama: Restoration to 20th Century.
Study of dramatic works from later periods in the appropriate historical contexts.

367. Modern Drama.
Extensive readings in dramatists since 1870; study of major world movements, experiments and innovations.

368. Studies in Drama.
Study of drama centered on a theme, topic, genre, critical approach, author, or group of authors; readings may cut across historical periods and geographical boundaries.

369. Women in Drama. (WOST 369)
Focuses on women as playwrights, actors, directors, spectators, and subjects of drama from the Early Modern period to the present.

371. The Modern Novel.
Study of prose fiction since 1880; global, social, political, moral, and economic influences on the novel.

372. Studies in Fiction.
Study of fiction centered on a theme, topic, genre, critical approach, author, or group of authors; readings may cut across historical periods and geographical boundaries.

375. American Literature to 1865.
Study of American literature against the background of historical events, political and social changes, moral and cultural traditions; authors may include Bradford, Bradstreet, Franklin, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, Emerson, and Thoreau.

376. American Literature 1865-1914.
Study of the rise of realism in American literature; authors may include Whitman, Dickinson, Twain, James, and Dreiser.

377. American Literature 1914-1945.
Study of the literature of early twentieth-century America; authors may include Cather, Eliot, Frost, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, O’Neill, Miller, and Williams.

379. Studies in American Literature.
Intensive consideration of selected texts or a topic central to the study of American literature.

381. American Literature in a Comparative Context.
Study of U.S. literature and culture in relation to other literatures and cultures.

382. Studies in American Culture.
Intensive study of specific topics in the field of American culture.

384. Studies in African-American Literature. (BWS 389)
Study of works in various genres by African-Americans from the eighteenth century to today. Writers such as Douglass, Dubois, Hurston, Hughes, Morrison, Walker, and Wilson.

390. Advanced Seminar.
Prerequisite: junior standing. Intensive study of a period, author, genre, theme or critical issue. Topics are announced when the course is offered.

393. Teaching English to Adults.
Training and practical experience in tutoring adult students to read and write in a volunteer literacy program at Loyola University. Students read about issues in literacy and write a substantial paper.

394. Internship.
Prerequisite: junior standing, six English courses.
On-the-job experience for majors in adapting their writing and analytical skills to the needs of such fields as publishing, editing, and public relations.

395H. Honors Tutorial. (H)
Content will vary each time the course is offered, but in general will entail in-depth study of a literary genre or a major author or theme in literature.

396. Teaching High School English: Theory and Practice. (CIEP M61)

Theoretical and practical training in teaching English at the secondary level. Topics may include: teaching writing and literature; creating effective assignments; use of computers and instructional media; responding to student writing. Includes required clinical hours at a local school.

397. Advanced Writing Workshop: Poetry.
Prerequisite: 317.
Students will read master poets as models and will write and revise poems of their own, which will be discussed by the class in a workshop format.

398. Advanced Writing Workshop: Fiction.
Prerequisite: 318.
Students will read master fiction writers as models and will write and revise stories of their own, which will be discussed by the class in a workshop format.

399. Special Studies in Literature.
Subject matter of this course will be designated by a subscript whenever the course is offered. Can be taken as independent study.

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