Loyola University Chicago
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Undergraduate Studies Catalog


Lake Shore Campus:
Damen Hall 912
Phone: 773-508-3047
FAX: 773-508-3131

Water Tower Campus:
Lewis Towers 900
Phone: 312-915-7573
FAX: 312-915-8593

Professors Emeriti: T. Bennett, C. Bream, A. Larson, V. Markus, A. Miller, S. Sarkesian, J. Small, S.J.

Professors: J. Danford, J. Frendreis , A. Gitelson, V. Mahler, S. Mezey, J. Pelissero (chairperson), R. Tatalovich, J. Williams

Associate Professors: P. Boyle, T. Engeman, C. Katz, R. Mayer, P. Sanchez, K. Stiles, P. Schraeder

Assistant Professors: J. Johnson

Adjunct Professor: M. Levinson

The major in political science is offered at the Lake Shore Campus and Water Tower Campus.


Political science is the study of power and governance in human associations. Political scientists investigate how order is created and transformed, how power is distributed and exercised, and what the proper means and ends of government ought to be. The department offers dozens of courses each semester on various aspects of politics, including the institutions of American government; political systems in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America; foreign policy and international relations; and political theory, past and present.

In addition to preparing students for the study of law, the major in political science is an excellent foundation for careers in government, politics, business, teaching, journalism, and related fields.

The objectives of the political science program are to provide all students with an understanding of political processes at home and abroad; to prepare majors for purposeful careers or further graduate or professional study; and to challenge students to think critically about problems of justice in political affairs.

Requirements for the Major in Political Science: PLSC 100, 101, 102, and eight more courses in political science totaling 33 hours. Political science courses must include an upper-division (200 or 300-level) course from each of the departmentís subdivisions: American politics, political theory, comparative politics, and international politics.

  Courses Credit Hrs.
Political Science 100, 101, 102, and at least eight additional courses as specified above 11 33
English 105 and 106 2 6
Foreign language 2 6
History core 2 6
Literature core 3 9
Mathematics core 1 3
Philosophy core 3 9
Theology core 3 9
Natural science core 3 9
Communicative/expressive arts core 1 3
Electives to complete minimum total of 128 credit hours 12 35
TOTAL 43 128

Minor Sequence in Political Science for Non-Majors: The minor consists of six courses including 100, 101, 102, and three 200 or 300-level courses from the departmentís offerings. Students must officially declare a minor in political science.

Honors in Political Science: Highly qualified majors interested in receiving advanced training in political science may graduate with honors in political science. To graduate with honors in political science students must achieve at least a 3.4 grade point average, overall and in the major, and complete two political science graduate courses in addition to the eleven courses required for the major. Students must earn a grade of B or better in the graduate courses. To apply for this program, please contact the Political Science Department.

Internship Program: The Political Science Department has an extensive internship program (PLSC 370), with dozens of placements available in Chicago and neighboring communities. Interns work 15 hours per week in an internship position and also participate in a special internship seminar. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or better are eligible to apply. Political science majors and minors are strongly encouraged to do an internship before graduating.

Advanced Placement Credit: Students who score a 4 or 5 on the American Politics advanced placement test receive 3 hours of 100-level American Politics course credit (PLSC 101). Students who score a 4 or 5 on the Comparative Politics advanced placement test receive 3 hours of 300-level Comparative Politics course credit.

Prerequisite for 200 and 300-Level Courses: The prerequisite for all 200 and 300-level political science courses is sophomore standing. Freshman may only register for these courses with the permission of the Chairperson.

Core Curriculum: PLSC 100, 101, and 102 may be used to fulfill the social science core requirement.

Certification Requirements for Teaching Political Science in High Schools: For information on teacher certification requirements, consult page XX in this catalog.

Five Year BA/MA Program
This program allows students to earn both B.A. and M.A. degrees in five years of study. Junior and senior political science majors with an overall GPA of at least 3.40 may apply for admission to the program. Admitted students may apply up to 9 semester hours of credit earned toward the 128 semester hours needed for the B.A. toward the 30 semester hour requirement for the M.A. degree. The nine hours must include at least 6 hours of 400 or 500-level credit and may include up to 3 hours of 300-level credit. As a result, students are able to complete the M.A. degree by taking one full year of graduate coursework, plus one additional course in the summer. All other requirements and rules pertaining to the M.A. degree must be met. Students must follow the normal admission procedures for application to the M.A. program, except that GRE scores are not required.


Introductory Courses

100. Politics.
An introduction to political theory, covering the principal ideas, controversies and institutions of political society.

101. American Politics.
American national government and politics, including institutions, group processes, and political parties.

102. International Politics. (INTS 257) (PAX 102)
Competing perspectives on international politics. Topics examined include international security, international political economy, international organization, and global issues such as North-South relations, human rights, population growth, and environmentalism.

American Politics

218. African-American Politics. (BWS 218)
The political goals, political behavior, voting patterns, group structures, values, and attitudes of various segments of the African-American populace, and how these affect the political system.

319. Women, Law, and Public Policy. (WOST 319)
The legal arrangements that structure the relationships of women and men in American society, emphasizing laws and policies that differentiate on the basis of sex or that impact differentially upon the sexes.

320. Constitutional Law: Due Process.
The Supreme Courtís role in defining substantive and procedural due process issues such as criminal procedure, individual autonomy, and economic regulation.

321. Constitutional Law: Powers of Government.
The Supreme Courtís role in allocating power among the three branches of the national government and between the state and federal governments.

322. Constitutional Law: Rights and Liberties.
The Supreme Courtís role in defining constitutional guarantees of equal protection and individual freedom.

323. Children, Law and Public Policy.
The constitutional rights of children in the home, the classroom, and the courtroom, and such policy areas as public welfare assistance, child abuse and neglect, and child support enforcement.

326. American National Security. (PAX 327)
American national security policy, including the role of major political actors, the defense budgetary process, and the capability and effectiveness of the military. Policy implications will be examined.

327. Political Psychology.
Political attitudes from a social-psychological perspective with emphasis on cognitive development models. Topics include: personality attributes, political perception and belief system, political and social motivation and interaction, and the psycho-cultural context of political life.

330. America and Modern War. (PAX 330)
American political-military policy and its response to the changing character of modern war. Attention is given to the American "way" of war, manpower systems, and the capability and effectiveness of the American military instrument across the conflict spectrum.

332. Politics of American Bureaucracies.
The political and social aspects of American bureaucracies at the local, state and national levels with emphasis on the roles of administrators and administrative institutions in the political system and policy process.

333. Politics of Metropolitan Areas.
The political relationships among local governments in metropolitan areas. Relationships and power distributions among cities, counties and special districts are examined.

334. Urban Policies and Problems.
An analysis of selected problems confronting governments in urban America as well as the range of public policies that address urban problems. (May be repeated with different issues.)

335. Urban Semester Seminar. (SOCL 335)
See course description for SOCL 335 on page XX.

377. American Public Policies.
Public policy-making at the national and state government levels; includes social, economic, fiscal, judicial, and moral policies.

378. Introduction to Political Economy.
The relationships between political and economic systems with emphasis on public expenditures and revenue; the consequences of fiscal and monetary policies on private sector activity.

379. The Legislative Process.
Legislative campaigns and elections, the formal procedures of law-making, the influence of political parties and interest groups, and the interaction with the president, the judiciary, and the bureaucracy.

381. The American Presidency.
The powers, roles, and functions of the presidential office with special attention to foreign affairs, the bureaucracy, domestic policy, and party leadership. Tools of office and styles of recent presidents will be studied.

384. The Judicial Process.
The judicial process in the American court system from the Supreme Court to local trial courts, civil and criminal procedure, appellate court decision-making, and the impact of judicial policies on American politics and society.

385. Introduction to Law. (CRMJ 375)
The nature of law in society, including the structure of legal systems, the constitutional foundations of legal systems, the practices of the legal profession, and the substance of selected areas of case law.

386. American Parties and the Election Process.
Organizations, functions, and issues of the parties in American politics. National, state, and local electoral processes.

389. State Politics.
The powers and structures of state government, comparative study of state legislatures, executive branches, and judicial systems, political parties and elections, methods of state finance and development of public policies.

390. Urban Politics.
Political processes in cities and other local governments, Examination of mayors, city councils, bureaucrats, and their interaction with local citizens and interest groups.

391. Chicago Politics.
The political groups in Chicago, their political power and impact on city politics and policy. Attention will be given to the powers and roles of city council and the mayorís office.

392. Environmental Politics. (ESP 235) (PAX 235)
The issues, significant actors, and public policies relating to the environment.

Political Theory

301. Political Justice.
A study of the concepts of political justice, their meaning, and attempts to institutionalize them in various political systems.

302. American Political Thought.
Major political themes from the founding era to the present.

303. Conservatism.
A survey of modern conservative thought. Attention will be devoted to the theoretical and political cleavages within the Right.

304. Ancient Political Thought. (CLST 305)
A study of major political theorists from Plato to the fall of the Roman republic.

306. Modern Political Thought.
A study of major political theorists from Machiavelli to the French Revolution.

308. Contemporary Political Thought.
A study of major political theorists from the nineteenth century to the present.

309. Socialism.
A survey of Marxist and post-Marxist socialist thought.

312. Feminist Theory. (WOST 318)
A survey of classical and contemporary feminist political theory.

314. Liberalism.
A survey of classical and contemporary political theorists in the liberal tradition.

Comparative Politics

339. Political Ideologies. (INTS 369)
A comparative analysis of important modern political ideologies and the functions they serve in the political system. Attention will be devoted to the ideologies of non-Western regimes and movements.

341. Comparative Politics. (INTS 341)
An examination of communism, socialism, and democracy as they relate to various political systems with special emphasis on how ideologies are institutionalized in selected countries.

342. African Politics. (BWS 342) (INTS 342)
Forces shaping political societies south of the Sahara: the heritage of colonialism, the sociology of modernization, race-related stresses, economic factors, political movements and structures.

343. Latin American Politics. (INTS 343) (LASP 343)
Historical, cultural, economic and political forces in the governments of Latin America and the Caribbean.

344. Contemporary Issues in Latin America. (INTS 344) (LASP 344)
A study of political forces and processes relating to population movement, land use, and urbanization in Latin America and the Caribbean.

345. South and Southeast Asian Politics. (ASIA 343) (INTS 345)
Political forces and developments of the Asian cultures.

346. East Asian Politics. (ASIA 342) (INTS 346)
The social forces and structure of politics and government of East Asia.

347. The European Union. (INTS 381)
An introduction to the European Union, a regional organization linking the nations of Europe. The course will consider the history of regional integration in Europe, the institutions of the Union, and its successes and failures in such areas as trade, agriculture, monetary relations and foreign policy.

348. Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics. (INTS 382)
An examination of the institutions, processes, and policies of the former Soviet Union.

349. Eastern European Politics. (INTS 349)
A comparative study of the political systems of Eastern Europe.

352. Canadian Politics. (INTS 320)
The Canadian system of government, focusing on the Parliament, the Prime Minister and permanent government, the judiciary, political actors such as organized interests, political parties, mass media, and public opinion.

359. Revolutions. (INTS 368)
A critical examination of different empirical theories of revolution. Case studies will be drawn from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

360. Western European Politics. (INTS 360)
Comparative study of the structures, processes, and functions of the parties and governments of the western powers with emphasis on the United Kingdom, France and the German Federal Republic. Cultural and social factors influencing the political process within each system will be studied.

362. Politics of Developing Societies. (INTS 362)
Social, economic, and ideological factors influencing political developments in emerging nations.

365. Italian Politics and Government. (INTS 365) (ROST 365)
An examination of the institutions, processes, and practices of Italian political life. Major concern is with post-1945 Italian politics.

International Politics

325. American Foreign Policy. (INTS 375)
Origins and development of American foreign policies; the method of their formulation and conduct.

340. International Relations of Africa. (BWS 340) (INTS 340)
An introduction to the international relations of the countries that comprise the African continent. The primary focus is the evolution of African international relations during the post-colonial period (c. 1960-present).

350. Politics of International Economic Relations. (INTS 350)
An examination of international political-economic relations with an emphasis on the post-World War II period, including an analysis of the developed market economies and their relationship with the nations of the Third World.

351. Latin America in the International System. (INTS 395) (LASP 341)
The role that Latin America plays in the international system, through systematic and subsystem analyses, as well as discussion of non-state actors that impact on Latin Americaís role.

353. International Law. (INTS 353) (PAX 353)
Introduction to legal principles and procedures of recognized international law.

354. Global Environmental Politics. (ESP 354) (INTS 354) (PAX 354)
Examines the linkages between the worldís natural environment and the global political system. Discusses basic issues of global environmental politics, domestic environmental politics in various countries, and the politics of specific global environmental problems.

356. Intervention in World Politics. (INTS 356) (PAX 356)
Examines the purposeful use of political, economic, and military instruments by one country to influence the domestic or the foreign policies of another country. The course focuses on the evolution of U.S. interventionist practices.

358. War, Peace, and Politics. (PAX 358)
The historical evolution of war, the nature of wars in the 20th century and into the 21st century, the nature of threats, sources of conflict, and procedures for peaceful resolution of disputes.

364. United Nations and International Organizations. (INTS 364) (PAX 364)
An examination of the purposes, organization, background, and operations of existing international organizations.

367. Model United Nations. (INTS 367) (PAX 367)
Course introduces students to the operations and practices of United Nations and provides training for student participation in the Loyola Model U.N. program. Attendance at Model U.N. conferences is optional.

Courses Not Specified by Area

300. Contemporary Political Issues.
Variable titles. Investigation of selected topics or methods in politics. This course may apply to any of the four areas of the department, and may be repeated depending on subject matter.

370. Fieldwork in Political Science Internship.
Practical experience in political and governmental agencies and organizations in Chicago and Washington, D.C.

371. Roman Law. (CLST 362)
An introduction to the general principles and basic concepts of Roman civil law with emphasis upon the Late Republican-Early Imperial period.

373. Politics and Literature.
Literature as a medium of political analysis and political criticism. The literary tradition examined may vary, and the course may be repeated for credit, depending on the subject matter.

374. Democracy.
A critical examination of the theory and practice of democratic government. The subfield to which this course belongs varies depending on its content.

396. Directed Readings.
Opportunity for an unusually accomplished student to pursue a discrete area of knowledge in political studies in a format designed to stimulate highly productive effort.

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