Lake Shore Campus:
Damen Hall 921
Water Tower Campus:
Lewis Towers 900
Professors Emeriti: W. Bates, F. Grollig,
S.J., H. Lopata, A. Ojeda
Professors: R. Block, J. Calcagno, M. Fredericks,
C. Fry, K. Johnson, L. Langman, K. McCourt, P. Nyden, J. Wittner
Associate Professors: K. Adams, D. Amick,
P. Arnold, P. Breidenbach, A. Figert, A. Grauer, K. Henson, A. Karanja,
F. Kniss, L. Miller, P. Whalley (chairperson), T. Wright
Assistant Professors: E. Ignacio, M. Krogh,
Both Sociology and Anthropology study the variety
of ways in which people today and in the past have organized their daily
lives. These two disciplines share a historical heritage in theory, subject
matter, and research techniques. Yet, in the contemporary world, each discipline
has developed particular areas of emphasis.
While encouraging students to take courses in both
Anthropology and Sociology, the department offers the following choice
of majors at the Lake Shore Campus: a major in Sociology; a major in Anthropology
and a joint Sociology-Anthropology major.
in Sociology (SOCL)
Sociology is the study of group life: its characteristics,
changes, causes, and consequences. Introducing students to sociology as
a social science, the department seeks to develop a critical understanding
of the ways in which people relate to each other through the organization
of society and the ways in which society influences our lives. With this
understanding, students are better able to raise questions about the direction
in which society is going, to interpret social trends, and to examine significant
social issues such as crime and delinquency, the changing family, life
in the city and suburbs, shifts in population, the structure of inequality,
social change, the impact of the mass media, the influence of new technology,
the implications of health-seeking behavior, community-based efforts to
bring about change, and the impact of large scale organizations. Sociologists
frequently serve as advisors to public and private organizations seeking
to better understand needs and services provided to citizens, members,
Sociology is a valuable liberal arts major for
students planning careers in fields such as law, health, business, government,
religion, social research, market research, criminology, demography, medicine,
social psychology, public administration, gerontology, education, social
work, and community planning.
Organization of Courses: SOCL 101 is intended
for students who want to major in sociology or who want a systematic introduction
to the science of sociology. SOCL 121-126 are designed for students who
wish to see how the sociological perspective is applied to a single topic
area. Any 100-level course may be used to fulfill partially the core curriculum
requirements in social science.
SOCL 205 and 206 are further introductory courses
for majors. SOCL 210 through 285 cover special applications of sociology
that may be of particular interest to students in other majors.
SOCL 301 through 370 are seminar courses designed
to complement and build upon the basic courses.
Advanced courses (371 and above) require permission
from the chairperson or department undergraduate advisor. Students who
would like to gain experience in applying sociological skills to work in
community, government, social service, and business settings are strongly
advised to take 380 (Internship). Highly qualified advanced students, with
the permission of the department chair and The Graduate School, may take
graduate-level courses (400-level) to fulfill part of their undergraduate
Requirements for Majors: The required courses
for sociology majors are 205, 206, 301, and 365. These courses provide
the theory and methodology background needed for more advanced work. Qualified
students wanting more extensive background in qualitative methods may want
to take SOCL 371 (Fieldwork) or SOCL 412, the graduate-level course in
qualitative methods. Besides the four required courses, majors will take
seven additional courses, five of which must be from 210-399. One course
taken in a related field may be counted toward the major with the permission
of the chair or undergraduate advisor. SOCL 380, the internship course,
is counted as one course toward the major regardless of credit hours. In
choosing courses, majors should consult with their department advisor.
A copy of the sociology major requirements checklist is available from
the department. In completing major requirements, no more than four substantive
courses (twelve semester credit hours) will be accepted in transfer from
other colleges and universities.
Recommended Course Sequence for Majors:
Majors should begin their sociology sequence with a 100-level course. SOCL
205, 206 and 301 should be completed ideally by the end of sophomore year,
but certainly by the end of junior year. In choosing major electives, priority
should be given to the basic substantive courses (210-285).
SOCL 365 should be taken in the senior year. All
required courses are offered each semester on an alternating day and evening
Students who intend to pursue graduate study in
sociology are urged to consult a faculty advisor or the Sociology-Anthropology
chairperson as soon as possible to receive guidance about course selection
and graduate school requirements.
REQUIREMENTS FOR MAJOR IN SOCIOLOGY (B.A.)
|Sociology 205, 206, 301,
365 and at least seven additional courses
|English 105 and 106
|Natural science core
|Electives to complete minimum
total of 128 hours
ON THE CURRICULUM
Double Majors: Many students whose interests
are not limited to one discipline find a double major is desirable. Frequently,
another social science (such as political science or psychology) is selected
as a second major, but majors may also find anthropology, philosophy, biology,
theology, languages and other fields useful.
Minor Sequence in Sociology: In choosing
elective courses students may wish to take a minor sequence in sociology.
They may do this by completing five courses in sociology in addition to
SOCL 101 (or its equivalent).
Students who minor in sociology are advised to
choose electives with some focus in mind (e.g., law and urban problems,
organizations and industry, social policy concerns) and to consult the
department chairperson or the departmentís undergraduate advisor. Only
two 100-level courses in sociology may be counted toward the minor. Any
courses taken for a minor in sociology may be applied to the departmentís
major requirements, if the student should decide to take sociology as a
major. In completing minor requirements, only two courses (six semester
credit hours) will be accepted in transfer from other colleges and universities.
Honors Program in Sociology: Students majoring
in Sociology or Sociology-Anthropology are eligible to graduate with "distinction"
in their major. This option is available to students both in the college
honors program and those who are not. Distinction is available to highly
qualified students who are interested in furthering their knowledge of
specific areas of the discipline. This option will strengthen the academic
background of students planning to go on to graduate or professional school.
Distinction is available to students in Sociology
who achieve a 3.4 grade point average overall and in their major and either
(1) write a satisfactory honors thesis under the supervision of a faculty
member or (2) take two graduate courses in sociology and receive a grade
of "B" or better. Permission to enroll in graduate courses must be obtained
from the chairperson, the course instructor, and The Graduate School. Interested
students should speak to the department undergraduate program advisor.
Certification Requirements for Teaching Sociology
in High School: For information on teacher certification requirements,
consult page XX in this catalog. Sociology majors interested in certification
should also see the chairperson of the Sociology-Anthropology department.
SOCIOLOGY (SOCL) COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
101. The Sociological Perspective: An Introduction.
This course introduces the way sociologists view
human behavior, and, in particular, how the sociological perspective differs
from the individualistic view most people have. It demonstrates how sociology
is helpful to people in understanding their own behavior and the world
they live in, and to society in solving its problems. A wide range of concepts
will be explained and illustrated with current research data and case studies.
121. Social Problems. (PAX
This course may provide an overview of current
social problems (e.g., poverty, unemployment, delinquency, family violence)
or it may focus on a selected area and explore that in depth (e.g., crime
and delinquency, social protest and social movements, poverty and homelessness).
In addition to analyzing the roots of social problems, social policy concerns
and solutions are addressed.
122. Race and Ethnic Relations. (ASIA 122)
(BWS 122) (PAX 122)
This course examines relationships among various
ethnic and racial groups in America, patterns of immigration, assimilation
and mobility, and interethnic conflicts and coalitions. Although the perspective
is often historical, contemporary data will be used to explore the question
of the persisting impact of ethnicity and race. Special attention is paid
to the relationship between race and social class.
123. Mass Media and Popular Culture. (WOST
This course examines the social organization and
function of mass communication in contemporary society and its impact on
values, expectations, and life styles; the relation of mass media to specialized
interest groups in society; and the role of mass communications as reflector
and determinant of popular culture with a particular emphasis on the media
constructions of gender, race, and class.
124. Women in Society. (WOST
This course is a sociological inquiry into the
situation of women in contemporary American society. The course focuses
on topics such as: women in the family, the community, and the labor force;
the development and persistence of sex-linked social roles; and the cultural
meaning of gender differences as shown in the popular media. Special attention
is paid to the historical roots of contemporary social and political issues
125. Chicago: Growth of
Using Chicago as the subject, this course seeks
to deepen understanding of some of the major social forces that influence
urban life. Attention will be given to the growth of Chicago since the
1830s, with specific reference to immigration patterns, ethnic neighborhoods,
political and social organizations, the role of churches, industrial development,
and the ways these have changed over time. Particular urban issues, e.g.,
housing, transportation, welfare, education, health services, and crime
126. Science, Technology and Society.
A broad introduction to the study of science and
technology from a distinctively sociological perspective. This course examines
how scientific knowledge and technologies are created and constructed,
the relationship between science and technological development, and how
both science and technology affect our daily lives. The course is aimed
at science and non-science majors alike and will seek to demystify science
and technologies by placing them in social and historical context. There
are no prerequisites for this class.
205. Sociological Thought.
Prerequisite: any sociology course or the permission
of the instructor.
This courses explores certain key questions: Why
is there inequality? How does social change occur? How is the society we
live in different from that of other generations? How did our social world
come to be the way it is? Are there alternative social arrangements that
may yield more equality, more efficiency, more justice? Questions like
these have led social thinkers to investigate phenomena as large-scale
as revolutions, as personal as suicide, as mundane as house-work, and as
exotic as religious cults. We will investigate how, when, and why these
questions emerged and we will critically evaluate a variety of sociological
responses to them. Throughout, we will pay special attention to classical
sociological traditions and their linkages to contemporary concerns.
206. Principles of Social Research.
An introduction to the basic research methodologies
of sociology. Students will learn how to select methodologies appropriate
for various research projects. A variety of methods used in sociological
analysis and data generation will be covered: secondary data analysis,
surveys, interviewing, field research, participant observation, historical
analysis, and sampling.
210. Work and the Workplace.
This course looks at the nature of work and how
it has changed over time, e.g., with industrialization, the growth of the
service sector, and new technologies. Examines issues relating to management,
labor organizations, and government regulations. Specific topics may include:
shifts in womenís employment patterns; industrial communities and plant
closings; the permanently unemployed; changing attitudes toward work and
212. Patterns of Criminal Activity.
Analysis of a wide range of activities that are
defined as criminal from the perspectives of society, offenders, and victims.
Types of crime covered include violent and personal, occupational, political,
conventional, organized, professional, and property. Attention to how these
crimes are similar, how they differ, and how society responds to them.
215. Law and Society.
The law as a social institution and the lawyer
as an occupation are examined. Attention is given to the development and
change in definitions of what is legal and illegal, the growth of the many
facets of the legal system (courts, regulatory agencies, criminal and civil
divisions), the social control functions of law, and the impact on society
of an ever-growing and more specialized legal system.
220. The Sociology of Violence.
The threat of violence is a daily concern. In
this course we will study the social causes and consequences of violence,
and the ways violence is defined and acted upon by police, courts, community
associations, the media, and other parties. Emphasis on domestic violence,
gang violence, criminal violence, international violence, and other dimensions
of violence will vary, depending on the faculty assigned to teach the course.
221. Aging in Culture and Society. (ANTH
Age is a principle of social organization and
classification. This course examines effects of domestic and kinship organization,
cultural values, modernization, and community formation upon the prestige
of older people. Demographic and cultural examination of the current position
and the future of older people in industrial societies is explored.
222. Poverty and Social Welfare in America.
This course examines the concepts and definitions
of poverty, current welfare programs, the development of the welfare state,
and the politics of poverty. International comparisons and alternative
directions for social welfare are explored.
225. Sociology of Health Care.
This course looks at the contributions of the
sociology of medicine, with particular attention to: social psychological
factors in physical and mental illness; medical education; the health professionals
(physicians, dentists, nurses, marginal practitioners); interpersonal relations
in medical settings; the organization and use of health services and agencies;
old age, death, and dying.
228. Sociology of the African- American Experience.
A sociological inquiry into the historical and
contemporary experience of African-Americans. The course will examine the
traditional views that sociology held of the African-American community;
the development of an African-American sociology as an alternative frame
of reference; the nature and function of African-American institutions;
racism and its impact on the African-American community; social stratification;
mass communications; liberation movements; family; and church. Social movements
and social change, urban and institutional processes, social values and
collective behavior, and African-Americans and public policy are among
the broad range of topics to be explored.
230. Self and Society.
Examines the basic theories of human socialization,
the acquisition of language and meaning, the development of the self and
the content of the self-concept. Social interaction, social relations and
social roles are also analyzed, as is involvement in social groups. The
course follows people from infancy to adulthood through different social
worlds and roles. Various forms of collective behavior will also be explored
from a social psychological perspective.
231. Childhood and Society.
Childhood is a product of cultural and social
institutional patterns, as well as a crucial antecedent of personality
development and functioning. This course looks at childhood in different
societies with special focus on modern industrial society.
234. Urban Sociology.
The emergence of cities, focusing on the social,
political, economic and cultural processes involved in the continuing growth
and change of the city and suburbs.
This course studies the sociologistsí concept
of community, and applies the theoretical concerns to several empirical
explorations of community. Special attention is given to urban communities,
although other types (e.g., ethnic, utopian) are looked at. Attention is
given to the functions of community organizations, the contemporary neighborhood
movement, and the impact of social policies on community.
236. Birth, Work, Marriage and Death: The Demography
of Social Life.
How is society affected by changes in demographic
factors such as fertility, labor force participation, marriage and divorce,
and death? Attention will focus on the utility of such data in analyzing
social change, the applications to the development of business, social
and government programs and forecasts, and the methods used to collect
census and related demographic information. Both the American experience
and comparisons between developed and developing nations will be considered.
237. Professions and Society.
The organization of that sector of the work world
which is included in the professions and semi-professions. Examines how
professions emerge and change over time, the sources of conflict and strain
within and between professions, how professions are socialized, and the
relationships between different professions and their clients.
240. Family. (WOST
The modern family is traced through the life cycle,
with special attention to social class, ethnic, racial and other variations.
Consideration of alternatives to marriage and the family as well as connections
between a personís roles in the family and outside the family.
245. Religion and Society. (RCS 245)
Analyzes the relationships between religious and
other social institutions, and between religious movements or organizations
and society; consideration of functional alternatives to traditional religion;
reviews the development of denominations, sects and cults in the modern
world. Emphasis placed on classical as well as modern theories and definitions
of religion. The course addresses the question of religious plausibility
in the modern world.
250. Inequality in Society. (ASIA 250) (BWS
250) (PAX 250)
An examination of the processes and resulting
structures by which people are differentiated on the basis of class, race,
ethnicity, and gender. Emergence and maintenance of social classes, class
conflict, social mobility and changes over time in the system as a whole.
Attention will be given to both classical and modern theories of social
255. Deviance and Social Control.
Forms of social behavior that depart from or conflict
with accepted standards within a given social group or society (e.g., crime
and delinquency, mental illness, political protest). Special attention
to leading theories of the causes of deviant behavior, especially the importance
of social norms as both constraints against and ways of determining deviance.
The course will examine how cultural standards of deviance differ among
groups within a society, as well as the various means society uses to control
deviance (e.g., punishment, rehabilitation, exile).
260. Power in Society.
Sociological theories and case studies of power,
authority, and social change. It explores the ways in which power relations
perpetuate social inequality between classes and social groups, and the
ways in which social conflicts and power struggles transform these relations.
Special attention will be directed toward: the processes of power in economic
systems, political systems, and organizations; the cultural and ideological
underpinnings of power relationships; and political struggles for social
261. Social Movements and Social Change.
The dynamics of collective behavior social movements
that attempt to bring about social change. Factors affecting the growth,
structure, evolution, and impact of social movements are studied. Groups
studied range from revolutionary to reform, historical to contemporary.
262. Social Movements of the 1960ís.
Social movements and social issues of the 1960ís:
why they emerged, how they developed, and what lasting impact they have
had on American society. Changes in American culture, e.g., music, family
values, and career orientation, are also studied. Theories of generational
consciousness, political socialization, social movements, and social change
are studied. Specific social movements, such as the civil rights, anti-war,
feminist, and student rights are examined. The relationship between sixtiesí
social movements and contemporary social movements is considered.
265. Economy and Society.
The economy as a social process is studied. Specific
topics, e.g., depression, unemployment, affirmative action, oligopoly control,
and consumer behavior, will be considered in different historical and social
contexts. A broad spectrum of theoretical views will be examined.
270. Sociology of Science.
Science is a distinctive form of social organization,
with its own culture, rewards, careers, social stratification, and gender
division. It is also a particular form of knowledge, sharing many of the
attributes of other types of knowledge such as religion and common sense.
In teaching science as a human, social enterprise, the course will focus
particularly on common practices of science both in the laboratory and
the wider public arena, and examine the role scientists play in political
debate as credentialed experts. The course is aimed at scientists and non-scientists
272. Environmental Sociology. (ESP
272) (PAX 272)
This course examines the relationship between
social life and the natural environment, considering how the natural world
shapes the social world as well as human impact on the environment. The
course reviews important sociological work but also examines writing from
a variety of fields, (e.g., ethics, biology, geography, international studies)
that carry a sociological thrust. Readings consider the economic, political,
organizational, and cultural dimensions of environmental issues. The course
systematically analyzes a range of controversial environmental issues as
280. Topics in Contemporary Sociology.
The course will examine a contemporary sociological
research issue in detail. Typically, topics represent specialized or newly
developed areas of sociological inquiry. Topics will vary from semester
to semester. May be repeated with permission of department chairperson.
301. Statistics for Social Research.
The course provides a comprehensive introduction
to statistical analysis in social research. Topics include: univariate,
bivariate, and multivariate analysis; computer applications; and interpretation
of results. Students receive extensive experience in using computers and
statistical packages for social scientists.
335. Urban Semester Seminar. (PLSC 335)
An opportunity to gain an understanding of how
a city works not only by studying social, political, economic, and cultural
institutions in Chicago, but also by getting involved in research projects
with community organizations in seeking solutions to pressing urban issues.
The course provides a "home base" for all students enrolled in the Urban
Semester. In cooperation with the Loyola Center for Urban Research and
Learning (CURL), all students are involved in collaborative research and
action projects with community-based organizations or citywide civic groups.
Topics vary but include topics related to the study of cities and Chicago
in particular: global cities; racial and ethnic diversity; social change
and power; uneven development; religion; health; government policies; and
365. Social Theory and Social Research.
Prerequisites: 205, 301, senior standing, or instructor
or chairperson approval.
This course will focus on one or more issues of
recent sociological thinking and research. Students will critically evaluate
relevant research and will design and conduct appropriate empirical investigations.
The course provides an opportunity to bring the full complement of sociological
skills to bear on an issue of substantial theoretical and/or practical
370. Undergraduate Seminars in Special Topics.
Prerequisite: instructor or chairperson consent.
Study of a particular topic, theme, or social
problem by intensive review of the literature and/or research. These seminars
are intended to train students who have completed a major in sociology
in working on specialized topics of interest to them or the faculty. May
Qualitative forms of sociological analysis, particularly
participant observation, intensive interviewing, and the uses of documentary
data. Students will read and analyze examples of qualitative sociology
and carry out projects to learn aspects of field research.
372. Directed Readings.
Prerequisite: instructor or chairperson consent.
380. Internship. (3 or 6)
Prerequisite: instructor or chairperson consent.
Supervised field experience and an opportunity
to apply skills and analysis. Minimum of 15 hours per week working in a
selected community organization, social agency, or business marketing research
firm. Students must see the departmentís internship coordinator in the
semester prior to the one in which they register for this course. Placements
have included work with the elderly, youth, neighborhood organizations,
womenís groups, and the mentally ill; it is also possible to apply research
skills to work with local groups on issues such as housing, crime, and
397-398-399. Independent Study Projects.
Prerequisite: instructor or chairperson consent.
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