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Loyola University Chicago

Campus Safety

Crime Definitions


A person commits an assault when, without lawful authority, he/she

This means, if someone threatens you, or swings a punch at you as if he/she intends to strike you.  Aggravated Assault is if someone were to point a gun at you, or attempt to hit you with a baseball bat. 


A person commits a battery if he intentionally or knowingly without legal justification and by any means

This means, if someone hits you with a fist, they are committing battery.  If a person spits on you, they are committing battery. 


A person commits a burglary if he/she:

Damage and Trespass to Property

A person commits an illegal act when he/she:

Hate Crime:

A person commits a hate crime when, by reason of the actual or perceived race, color, creed, religion, ancestry, gender, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability, or national origin of another individual or group of individuals, regardless of the existence of any other motivating factor or factors, he/she

This means that if someone commits one of the above crimes against a person because he/she believes the victim is of a certain race, color, creed, religion, ancestry, gender, sexual orientation, physical or mental disability, or national origin, it is a hate crime.  It is important here to recognize that the person does not necessarily actually have to be what the offender thought they were.  If the offender perceives the victim to be something, and, based off of that, commits one of the above crimes, it can still be a hate crime. 

Home Invasion:

A person who is not a peace officer acting in the line of duty commits home invasion when without authority he/she knowingly

Furthermore, the person who is illegally present in the house must be intending to commit either assault or battery on the occupants for it to be considered Home Invasion. 


A person commits the felony crime of Robbery when he/she

Sexual Abuse:

The accused commits criminal sexual abuse if he/she:

This means that sexual abuse is acts that are sexual in nature but do not include penetration by or of the sex organs, mouth.  Or if the offender is under the age of 17. 

Sexual Assault:

The accused commits criminal sexual assault if he/she:

Simply speaking, Sexual Assault is sexual penetration or contact through the use or threat of force, no matter how slight, or if the victim was unable to give consent.  This can include but not be limited to; cunnilingus, fellatio and anal penetration. 


A person commits stalking when he/she, knowingly and without lawful justification, on at least 2 separate occasions follows another person or places the person under surveillance or any combination thereof and:

This means that a person is considered to be stalking if he/she moves in relative proximity to a person as that person moves from place to place or if he/she remains in close proximity to a person who is stationary or confined to a small area. 


A person commits theft when he knowingly:

 **The use of italics denotes the language of the actual law.**