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Title 1 Rules of Construction 

§ 1 Definitions and Format of Bylaws 

(A) Where applicable, texts shall be written following the Modern Language Association 

(MLA) standard. 

 

(B) All text shall be written in Times New Roman 11 point font. Headings shall be bold. 

 

(C) Unless the context of a text indicates otherwise, the plural shall imply the singular, 

and the singular shall imply the plural. 

 

(D) Gendered nouns and pronouns shall be avoided, but when used out of absolute 

necessity, the masculine gender shall include the feminine gender, and the feminine 

gender shall include the masculine gender, unless indicated otherwise by context. 

 

(E) A clause expressing an exact definition or manner of an item, or an exact 

responsibility, obligation, or duty of a member, shall be written using the future positive 

phrase, “Shall,” or, “shall be.” 

 

(F) A clause expressing an exact limitation or restriction of an item, or an exact limit or 

restriction of a member, shall be written using the future negative phrase, “Shall not,” 

or “shall not be.” 

 

(G) A clause expressing a possible definition or a possible manner of an item, or a right 

of a member shall be written using the future positive phrase, “May.” 

 

(H) Clauses shall, as much as possible, be limited to one topic contained within a single 

sentence. 

 

(I) Titles of the Bylaws shall be numbered sequentially throughout their parent document 

using Arabic Numerals, e.g. Title 4; Sections of the Bylaws shall be numbered 

sequentially throughout their parent document using Arabic Numerals, e.g. §4; 

Subsections shall be listed sequentially within in their parent section by American 

Alphabetic capital letters contained in parenthesis, e.g.(D); Parts shall be listed 

sequentially with in their parent subsection by lowercase roman numerals contained in 

parenthesis, e.g. (iv); Subparts shall be listed sequentially within their parent Part by 

lowercase American Alphabetic lowercase letters contained in parenthesis, e.g. (d); 

Thus a full citation of the fourth subpart of the fourth part of the fourth subsection of the 

fourth section of the fourth title of the code would read Title 4 USGA Code §4(D)(iv)(d). 

 

(J) Any undergraduate student of Loyola University Chicago as defined by the Office of 

Registration and Records is a constituent of the USGA. 

 

(K) Any member who has served for any ten weeks of a semester shall be considered to 

have served for the full semester. 

 

(L) Emails sent from a “@luc.edu” address shall be deemed to be the signature of the 

individual to whom that address is assigned in all cases in which a signature is required. 

 

(M) A term of USGA begins following the administering of the Oath of Office for the 

newly elected of the spring election and concludes after the administering of the Oath of 

Office for the newly elected of the following spring election. The outgoing Chief Justice 

shall administer the oath. The Oath shall be: “I (insert name) do solemnly swear to 

serve the students of Loyola University Chicago and to the best of my ability uphold the 

constitution and mission of the Unified Student Government Association. I herby  take 

this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will 

well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter: So help 

me God.” 

 

§ 2 No individual may hold more than two internal positions in the USGA.  There shall be no 

limit to the number of external appointments. Internal appointees consist of, but are not limited 

to, all appointees by the Speaker and the Executive, who deal with the efficient administration 

of USGA affairs. External appointees consist of, but are not limited to, all persons tasked with 

representing the USGA and student body in external affairs. 

  

Title 2 Elections 

§ 1 Positions Elected in Spring Elections 

(A) Sophomore, Junior, Senior, and Undesignated Representatives 

 

(B) President 

 

(C) Vice President 

 

(D) Chief Justice 

 

§ 2 Positions Elected in Fall Elections 

(A) Freshman Representatives 

 

(B) All remaining open positions 

 

§ 3 Qualifications for Candidacy 

(A) All candidates must meet the following general qualifications: 

(i) Shall be a member of the undergraduate student body. 

 

(ii) Shall be in good disciplinary standing as determined by the Office of the Dean 

of Students. 

 

(iii) Shall maintain a minimum 2.5 cumulative Grade Point Average as 

determined by the records of the Office of Registration and Records. 

 

(iv) Shall be a candidate for only one position. 

 

(v) Candidates shall receive 50 signatures petitioning for placement on the ballot. 

 

(vi)Candidates shall be members of the constituency of the office they are 

seeking as defined by the Office of the Registrar. 

 

§ 4 Campaign Finance 

 In all general elections, candidates shall be subject to the following public financing and 

spending cap requirements. 

(A) Rules for Candidates 

(i) Candidates for office shall receive public funding for their campaign in the 

amount of one quarter of the spending cap for the position contingent upon 

approval of the Elections Board. 

 

(ii) Spending Cap 

(a) Candidates for executive office shall be subject to a spending cap of 

$100. 

 

(b) Candidates for legislative office shall be subject to a spending cap of 

$50. 

 

(c) Candidates for judicial office shall be subject to a spending cap of $50. 

 

(iii)Submission of Receipts. 

(a) In order to receive Election Board approval of campaign materials 

as outlined below, candidates shall submit receipts for the purchase to 

ensure compliance with the spending caps. 

 

(B) Rules for Endorsing Organizations 

 (i) Spending Cap 

(a) Organizations which have endorsed a candidate for executive office 

in compliance with the rules outlined below may spend up to $50 for 

campaign materials which advocate the election of that candidate. 

 

(b) Organizations which have endorsed a candidate for legislative office 

in compliance with the rules outlined below may spend up to $25 for 

campaign materials which advocate the election of that candidate. 

 

(ii) Submission of Receipts. In order to receive Election Board approval of 

campaign materials as outlined below, the endorsing organization shall submit 

receipts for purchases to ensure compliance with the spending caps. 

 

§ 5 Procedures to be placed on the Ballot 

(A) All candidates shall obtain an election packet which contains the USGA Bylaws, 

candidacy petition, details regarding candidates meetings, and the election contract. 

 

(B) Candidates or their representative shall attend a Candidates Meeting with the USGA 

Election Board. Should a representative be sent, they shall present a letter from the 

candidate certifying their authority to act as an agent of the candidate. At the Candidates 

Meeting, election procedures shall be outlined, and the following documents shall be 

submitted: 

(i) A Candidacy Petition. Candidates shall submit their candidacy petition which 

shall contain a minimum of 50 signatures. 

 

(ii) An Election Contract. Candidates shall sign an election contract binding them 

to all policies in the USGA Bylaws. Violations of the USGA Bylaws may result in 

sanctions being imposed by the Election Board. 

 

(iii) A Statement of Candidacy. Candidates shall submit a statement of candidacy 

not to exceed one page as well as a current headshot of themselves. The 

Election Board shall make all reasonable efforts to make the statements 

available to voters, including but not limited to making them available on the 

ballot. 

 

(C) Rules for Campaigning 

(i) Candidates and their agents shall be limited to providing factual and 

substantiated information. Candidates shall be prohibited from engaging in acts 

of libel and/or slander. 

 

(ii) Campaigning shall be restricted to days permitted by the Election Board in 

accordance with USGA Bylaws. This shall not be construed to prohibit obtaining 

signatures on election petitions. 

 

(iii) Candidates and their agents shall submit all elections materials to the 

Election Board for approval prior to dissemination. Contents of and the 

Dissemination of Election Materials shall be in accordance with the policies of 

Loyola University Chicago as well as the laws of the United States, the State of 

Illinois, the County of Cook and the City of Chicago. 

 

(iv) The mutilation of campaign materials shall be prohibited. Any candidate 

or their agents who knowingly destroys, mutilates, defaces, falsifies forges, 

conceals, or removes any campaign materials shall be guilty of mutilation of 

campaign materials. 

 

(v) Candidates for the office of President and Vice President shall run as a ticket.  

When submitting their candidacy petition, candidates for the offices of President 

and Vice President shall be required to name their running mate. 

 

(vi).Candidates for Chief Justice, Sophomore Representative, Junior 

Representative, and Undesignated Representative shall be prohibited from 

running as a ticket.  Candidates shall be guilty of running as a ticket should any 

campaign materials be produced listing the names of more than on candidate. 

 

(vii)Candidates and their agents shall be prohibited from campaigning door-to- 

door in residence halls. 

 

(viii) Candidates and their agents shall be prohibited from physically campaigning 

in University computing facilities during polling hours. 

 

(ix) Specific building restrictions shall be as follows: 

(a) Centennial Forum Student Union (CFSU): Posting shall be allowed 

in CFSU on the designated bulletin boards upon approval from the 

Information Desk. 

 

(b) Dining Facilities: Posting shall be permitted in dining facilities upon 

receiving written approval from dining services staff. 

 

(c) Dumbach Hall: Posting shall be permitted on all classroom and 

hallway bulletin boards. Posting is prohibited on building walls. 

 

(d) Mundelein Center. Candidates shall use personal discretion when 

campaigning and posting in this academic building, and maintain 

professionalism. Preventing the functioning of this building shall be 

prohibited. 

 

(e) Cudahy Science. Campaigning and posting in Cudahy Science shall 

be prohibited. 

 

(f) Sullivan Center for Student Services. Campaigning and posting in 

Sullivan shall be prohibited. 

 

(g) Life Science Building. Posting on floor bulletin boards shall be allowed 

upon the approval of the College of Arts and Sciences Dean’s office. 

Posting of fliers is permitted on classroom bulletin boards. Campaigning 

is prohibited in the building proper. 

 

(h) Residence Halls. Materials for posting shall be submitted to the 

Department of Residence Life for approval and posting. 

 

(i) Libraries. Campaigning shall be prohibited in Cudahy and Lewis 

libraries, as well as the Information Commons. 

 

(j) Terry Student Center. Postings shall be submitted for approval and 

posting to the information desk. 

 

(k) Maguire Hall and Corboy Law Center. Posting shall be permitted on 

classroom and floor bulletin boards in these academic buildings. 

 

(l) Outdoors. The use of sidewalk chalk is prohibited. 

 

(m) Posting shall be prohibited on boards maintained by Academic 

Departments in all University buildings. 

 

(D) Endorsements

Any Registered Student Organization (except USGA) may endorse one or more 

candidates for office. A letter of endorsement signed by the President of the organization 

shall be required to be submitted to the Election Board before the candidate may 

claim the endorsement or the organization may take any action publicly supporting the 

candidate. Upon receipt of a letter of endorsement, the endorsing organization becomes 

an agent of the candidate, making the candidate responsible for the actions of the 

organization. Standard rules regarding running as a ticket apply to actions taken by 

endorsing organizations. 

 

(E) Polling Violations. The following actions or conspiracy to commit the following actions 

shall be polling violations, subjecting the candidate to the imposition of sanctions by the 

election board. 

(i) Vote Buying. The buying of votes shall be prohibited. Any candidate or their 

agents who knowingly gives or lends or promises to give or lend any money 

or other non de minimis consideration to any voter shall be in violation of the 

prohibition on vote buying. 

 

(ii) Promise for Vote. It shall be prohibited for any candidate or their agent to 

knowingly promise to cause or support the appointment of any person to any 

University public or private office or to perform or refrain from performing any 

official act. Such actions shall be in violation of the prohibition on promise for 

vote. 

 

(iii) Selling of Vote. It shall be prohibited for any candidate or their agent to 

vote for or against any other candidate in consideration for any gift, loan, or 

other non de minimis consideration including a promise to cause or support 

the appointment of any person to any University, public or private office. Such 

actions shall be in violation of the prohibition on selling of vote. 

 

(iv) Prevention of Voting or Candidate Support. It shall be prohibited for any 

candidate or their agent to prevent any person from lawfully voting, or supporting 

or opposing the nomination or election of any candidate to USGA office through 

the use of force, intimidation, threat, deception or forgery. Such actions shall be 

in violation of the prohibition on prevention of voting or candidate support. 

 

(v) Voting more than once. It shall be prohibited for any candidate or their agent 

to submit, cause to be submitted, or aid in the submission of a ballot by an 

individual who has previously voted in the current election. 

 

(vi) Mutilation of Election Materials. It shall be prohibited for any candidate or 

their agent or person delegated by the University to assist with the elections to 

destroy, mutilate, deface, falsify, forge, conceal, or remove any record, register 

of voters, affidavit, election results, ballot, or any document or computer program 

which is used or preserved in connection with any election. Such actions shall be 

in violation of the prohibition on mutilation of election materials and may result 

in sanctions by the election board, the filing of charges through the University 

conduct system and/or local law enforcement as required. 

 

(vii) Tampering with Voting Machines. It shall be prohibited for any candidate or 

their agent or person delegated by the University to assist with the elections to 

tamper with or aid in tampering with any machine or device used in connection 

with voting or the counting of votes so as to interfere with the proper functioning 

of such device, to alter the results recorded or intended to be recorded on such 

device, or to record or cause to be recorded votes which are not cast legally. 

Such actions shall be in violation of the prohibition on tampering with voting 

machines. 

 

§ 6 The Ballot 

(A) The ballot shall include all open positions for that election, broken down by position, 

with candidates listed in random order in a manner determined by the Election Board. 

 

(B) An extra spot shall be included for every position so that voters may cast a write-in 

vote. 

 

(C) The Election Board shall oversee the inclusion of referenda on the ballot. Referenda 

may be composed of any specific question regarding the undergraduate community, 

or the polices or structure of the USGA. Referenda shall be placed upon the ballot 

upon majority approval of the Senate or by submission of a signed petition of 500 or 

more verified Loyola University Chicago undergraduate students. Referenda which win 

majority approval are of equal weight to a USGA Resolution or Bill, and may not be 

vetoed by the President. 

 

§ 7 Election Board 

(A) Composition. The Election Board shall consist of five members nominated and 

elected by the Senate. Members may be current USGA members or other students. No 

individual who is a candidate for election and/or is participating in the campaign of any 

other individual for office in the USGA shall be nominated for or serve on the Election 

Board. 

 

(B) Officers. The members of the Election Board shall assign the following positions to 

specific members of the Election Board: 

(i) A Chairperson. The Chairperson shall be responsible for conducting meeting 

and hearings of the Election Board. 

 

(ii) A Secretary. The Secretary shall be responsible for maintaining the Minutes 

and other records of the Election Board’s proceedings. 

 

(C) Powers. The Election Board shall have the power to interpret the laws of the USGA 

regarding the conduct of elections. The Election Board shall have the power to conduct 

hearings to determine if a candidate has violated the laws regarding the conduct of 

elections. The Election Board shall maintain a journal of all proceedings. 

 

(D) Sanctions Imposed. The Election Board shall have the power to impose sanctions on 

candidates for violation of the laws regarding the conduct of elections as follows:  

(i) A minor Offense. For a minor offense, the Election Board may impose 

sanctions on a candidate up to and including limitations on the type, quantity, and 

location of campaigning.

 

(ii) A major Offense. For a major offense, the Election Board may impose 

sanctions on a candidate up to and including removing the candidate from the 

Ballot. 

 

(iii) All sanctions imposed by the election board may be appealed by the 

candidate to the Judicial Board. 

 

§ 8 Election Procedures 

(A) All general elections shall be conducted by an electronic or computer based medium. 

 

(B) The Candidate who receives the plurality of votes for a position shall be the winner of 

that election. When a position calls for multiple candidates to be elected, the candidates 

receiving the highest vote counts shall be the winners. 

(i) In the event of a tie the election shall be determined by a 2/3 majority vote of 

the Senate. 

 

(C) Fall elections  

(i) Candidates Meetings shall be conducted between Monday and Wednesday of 

the second week from the beginning of the fall semester. 

 

(ii) Campaigning shall begin at 12:01 AM on Monday of the third week from the 

beginning of the fall semester and shall conclude at 11:59 PM on Sunday of the 

fourth week from the beginning of the fall semester. 

 

(iii) Voting shall be conducted on the Monday of the fourth week from the 

beginning of the fall semester, and the results shall be posted when available 

that week. Exact dates on which voting shall be conducted shall be established 

by the Election Board. 

 

(D) Spring elections 

(i) Candidates Meetings shall be conducted between Monday and Wednesday of 

the sixth week before the beginning of final exams. 

 

(ii) Campaigning shall begin at 12:01 AM on Monday of the sixth week before the 

beginning of final exams and shall conclude at 11:59 PM on Sunday of the fourth 

week before the beginning of final exams. 

 

(iii) The Election Board shall hold a public election rally at a time and location 

of their choice during the period in which campaigning is permitted. Candidates 

shall be provided an opportunity to speak and answer questions at this rally. 

 

(iv) Voting shall be conducted four weeks before the beginning of final exams, 

and the results shall be posted when available the fourth week before the 

beginning of final exams. Exact dates on which voting is to be conducted shall be 

established by the Election Board. 

 

§ 9 Rights of Candidates

(A) Publication of Election Results. All election results shall be made available to all 

candidates. 

 

(B) Right of Grievance. All candidates shall have the right to file a grievance with 

the Election Board before or during the elections. The Election Board shall hear all 

grievances, and shall take proper action. 

 

§ 10 Senate Approval of the Election. 

 The Senate shall vote to approve the results of the Election. Candidates shall have the right 

to file a grievance with the Speaker of the Senate which shall be heard at the next Senate 

Session. Should the Senate not approve the results of the election at the first meeting after the 

publication of election results, the results shall be sent to the Judicial Board. 

 

§ 11 Internal Elections 

(A) Open positions within the USGA between elections may be filled through a process 

of internal elections as determined by the Speaker of the Senate. 

 

(B) Executive Officers. The Chief Financial Officer, the Chief Communications Officer, 

the Attorney General, and other associated presidential appointments, shall be filled 

through an application and nomination process.  After conferring with the Vice President 

and the USGA Advisor, the President shall, from a pool of applicants, nominate to the 

Senate one candidate for each position, which the Senate shall confirm or reject with a 

majority vote. 

  

Title 3 The Legislative Code 

§ 1 The Senate 

(A) Membership and Attendance 

(i) Senators shall notify the Attorney General and Speaker of the Senate at least 

24 hours in advance of any anticipated absence or truancy. Emergencies will 

be considered on a case-by-case basis. Senators who fail to notify the Speaker 

and Attorney General of their absence or truancy will be referred to the Judicial 

Board. 

 

(ii) No senator may accrue excused absences totaling one fourth of the 

scheduled meetings. Senators who accrue excused absences of one fourth of 

scheduled meetings will be referred to the Judicial Board. 

 

(iii) The Speaker of the Senate shall be the sole determiner of whether or not an 

absence or truancy is excused. 

 

(iv) Being truant shall be defined as arriving more than 15 minutes after the 

Senate session has been called to order. All Senators who arrive late to Senate 

must speak with the Speaker of the Senate and provide a reason for their 

truancy. Senators who fail to do so will be referred to the Judicial Board for 

action. 

 

(v) Senators who accumulate excessive truancies, as determined by the Speaker 

of the Senate, will be referred to the Judicial Board for action. 

 

(B) Meetings and Agendas 

(i) Regular senate sessions shall be on Tuesdays at 4:00 p.m., during the Fall 

and Spring Semesters. The Speaker shall specify the meeting locations, and 

furnish that information to the Department of Communications. 

 

(ii) At the Senate’s first meeting it shall from its membership nominate and elect a 

Speaker. Until such time, the President shall serve as the interim chairperson. 

 

(iii) The Senate shall follow this agenda at its regular meetings:  

(a) Call to Order and Roll Call 

 

(b) Approval of Minutes 

 

(c) Audience to Visitors 

 

(d) Unfinished Business 

 

(e) Legislation 

 

(f) New Business and Discussion 

 

(g) Advisors Report 

 

(h) The Executive Committee Report 

 

(i) Judicial Report 

 

(j) The Academic Committee Report 

 

(k) The Allocations Committee Report 

 

(l) The Facilities and Transportation Committee Report 

 

(m) The Justice Committee Report 

 

(n) The Safety and Wellness Committee Report 

 

(o) Special Committee Reports 

 

(p) Announcements 

 

(iv)Parliamentary Authority 

(a) In the conduct of the meetings of the USGA Senate, the most current 

edition of Roberts Rules of Order shall prevail except as otherwise 

provided in these Bylaws. 

 

§ 2 Standing Committees 

(A) Membership and Attendance  

(i) The standing committees shall be subsidiary legislative bodies of the USGA, 

limited to their specific topics and their specific members. 

 

(ii) Every Senator shall be a voting member of one committee and shall be 

registered as such. All committees, except the Allocations Committee, shall 

be open for all to participate in, however only Senators registered to a given 

committee may vote in that committee. 

 

(iii)Committee Assignments 

(a) Spring Elections. 

After spring elections, and immediately after the election of a Speaker, 

Senators shall be assigned to committees proportionally by a system 

determined by the Speaker, and approved by the Senate. 

 

(b) Fall Elections.  

After fall elections, newly elected Senators shall be assigned to 

committees proportionally by a system determined by the Speaker, and 

approved by the Senate. 

 

(c) Internal Elections. 

After an internal election, newly elected Senators shall be assigned to 

committees by a system determined by the Speaker, and approved by the 

Senate. 

 

(B) Committee Structure 

(i) All committees shall elect from its own membership a chairperson to organize 

and facilitate its meetings and business. The chairperson shall be elected during 

the first committee meeting of the new Senate term. 

 

(ii) During this meeting the committee shall further create committee by-laws to 

which they will be bound for the duration of the Senate term.  These committee 

by-laws shall include, but are not limited to:  

● A committee attendance policy.  This policy shall enumerate the number 

of excused absences that are permitted to a committee member as well 

as what shall constitute an excused absence from a committee meeting or 

event. 

 

●The process for selecting a chairperson and the process for removing a 

chair if he proves to be deficient in his duties. 

 

●The date and time of all regular committee meetings. 

 

●Responsibilities which will be expected from all members of the 

committee, and which the committee members will be bound to fulfill. 

 

(iii)  All committee by-laws shall be submitted to the Speaker of the Senate 

and the Chief Justice following the first meeting of the term for approval.  All 

committee by-laws shall fall under the jurisdiction of the Judicial Board once they 

are approved by the Speaker and Chief Justice. 

 

(C) Meetings and Agendas 

(i) Committees shall meet no less than once a week at a time and place specified 

in the committee by-laws.  The committee shall provide to the Senate and the 

Department of Communications detailed written reports of their meetings and 

business. 

 

(ii) After each meeting the Chairperson shall submit a committee report with the 

Secretary of the Senate by a deadline established by the Speaker of the Senate. 

 

(iii) Committee members shall attend all committee meetings except where 

excused by the committee by-laws. 

 

(iv) Committees shall organize Tabling events a minimum of two times a 

semester. Tabling shall be reserving space in a populated area of either the Lake 

Shore or Water Tower Campus and there standing present to answer questions, 

distribute material, or gather feedback pertinent to the committee or the USGA. 

 

(D) Parliamentary Authority 

(i) In the conduct of the meetings of USGA committees, the Chairperson may 

establish the rules of order that shall prevail except as otherwise provided by law. 

 

§ 3 The Legislative Process 

(A) Drafting and Sponsoring Legislation 

(i) All legislation shall be submitted with completed cover sheet to the Speaker 

of the Senate, the Secretary of the Senate, the President of the USGA, and 

the Chief Justice no later than 48 hours prior to the scheduled Senate meeting 

at which the legislation shall be considered.  Blank cover sheets for bills and 

resolutions shall be found at the end of this title. 

 

(ii) Legislation shall have a chief sponsor, who shall give the first argument in 

favor of the legislation when it is brought to the table of the Senate. 

 

(iii) Legislation shall be co-sponsored by either a committee or by five senators 

before it can be brought to the table of the Senate.

 

(iv) Only Senators or Committees shall sponsor legislation. A committee 

sponsors a piece of legislation when the membership of that committee votes 

to do so, and writes the committee’s name onto the legislation’s cover sheet. A 

Senator sponsors a piece of legislation by signing her name onto the legislation’s 

cover sheet. Senators or Committees shall only sponsor a piece of legislation if 

they feel comfortable voting in favor of the legislation at the time that they agree 

to sponsor it. 

 

(v) Legislation shall be written including clauses that enumerate the purpose of 

and reason for the legislation beginning in “Whereas;” for example: “Whereas the 

student body asks that its needs are considered;” and clauses that enumerate 

the action of the legislation beginning in “Therefore be it resolved by the Unified 

Student Government Association that;” for example: “Therefore be it resolved by 

the Unified Student Government Association that the student body’s needs are 

considered.” 

 

(B) Debating Legislation and Motions 

(i) When a piece of legislation or a motion is brought to the table, the chief 

sponsor of the legislation or the maker of the motion shall speak first in favor of it. 

Subsequent debate will follow a negative/affirmative cycle. Debate shall end only 

after a successful motion to move to the previous question. 

 

(ii) A person may only speak twice on a single question. 

 

(C) Voting on Legislation and Motions 

 (i) Electronic Voting  

After debate has completed and the Senate has moved to the previous question, 

the Speaker shall open the vote using the I-Clicker devices issued to each 

Senator.  The Speaker shall state the specifics for the current vote, including the 

values for each button of the I-Clicker and any other information that is pertinent 

to the vote.  Following the vote, the Speaker shall announce the outcome.  In 

order to pass, the legislation or motion must receive more affirmative votes than 

negatives, abstentions counting as a non-vote. 

 

(ii) Vote by Roll Call 

The Speaker shall conduct a roll call vote at the request of a Senator. A Senator 

may ask for a roll call vote by saying, “I Move for a Roll Call Vote on the previous 

question.” This Motion does not require a second. The Speaker shall then 

proceed to recite the roll, with each senator voicing her vote after hearing her 

name. The Speaker shall record the votes as they are said. After taking tally and 

recording it, the Speaker shall ask if any member would like to change her vote. 

After re-tallying, if necessary, the Speaker shall announce the result of the vote. 

In order to pass, the legislation or motion must receive more affirmative votes 

than negatives and abstentions. 

  

  

Unified Student Government Association

Loyola University Chicago 

  

  

  

Legislation of the Senate 

Bill Cover Sheet 

_____–_____–_____ 

To be filed by the Secretary 

  

  

  

  

  

  

 

 

 

  

  

The ________ Act 

Purpose of the Act 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Chiefly Sponsored By 

Cosponsored by the Committee of 

  

  

Unified Student Government Association 

Loyola University Chicago 

  

  

  

  

Legislation of the Senate 

Resolution Cover Sheet 

_____–_____–_____ 

To be filed by the Secretary 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

The _________ Act 

Purpose of the Act 

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

Chiefly Sponsored By 

Cosponsored by (the Committee of) 

  

 

Title 4 The Executive Code 

§ 1 The Executive Committee  

(A) The President 

(i) The effectiveness of the government shall be the President’s primary 

responsibility. 

 

(ii) The President may choose to establish administrative procedures, job 

description, commissions, or groups which he deems necessary for the effective 

and efficient administration of the USGA. Such Executive Orders shall stand 

permanent until changed by the Senate or succeeding Executive Orders. 

 

(iii) The President shall ratify Bills and Resolutions by affixing his signature upon 

them. 

 

(iv) The President shall have the power to directly veto a Bill or Resolution in part 

or in full to the Senate after it is passed by issuing a written statement indicating 

the desire to do so.  

(a) If the President fails to sign a Bill or Resolution within 13 days of its 

approval by Senate, it shall be deemed vetoed. 

 

(b) At a scheduled Senate meeting, the President shall submit and 

present specific written recommendations for change on a vetoed Bill or 

Resolution within 14 days of the legislation’s initial passing.

 

(v) The President shall be responsible for compiling a written report of the action 

of the Executive Committee and providing a written report to the Secretary of the 

Senate no less than 48 hours before the weekly Senate meetings. 

 

(B) The Vice President 

(i) The Vice president shall oversee all UPC’s. 

 

(ii) In the absence of a CSO, the vice president shall serve as the chief executive 

of CAN, until the election of a CSO. 

 

(iii) The Vice President shall make a monthly report regarding the actions of the 

various University Policy Councils. 

 

(C) The Chief Financial Officer 

(i) The CFO shall attend all Allocations Committee meetings to act as an advisor. 

Only in the event of a tie shall the CFO have a vote. 

 

(ii) The CFO shall be charged with the maintenance and management of the 

USGA budget in accordance with The Financial Code. 

 

(iii) The CFO shall participate in quarterly sweeps of student organization 

accounts with SAGA. 

 

(D) The Chief Communications Officer 

(i) The CCO shall be charged with the professional and punctual production of a 

biweekly newsletter. 

 

(ii) The CCO shall appoint a Webmaster and a Public Relations Coordinator to be 

approved by majority vote of the Senate. 

 

(iii) The CCO or his designee shall record the minutes of the executive 

committee. 

 

(E) The Chief of Student Organizations  

(i) The CSO shall be internally elected from the membership of the Campus 

Activity Network in a manner established by the Vice President at the second 

CAN meeting. 


(G) Attorney General 

(i) The Attorney General shall maintain parliamentary order in all sessions of 

the Senate.  The Attorney General shall also be charged with investigating all 

instances worthy of censure or impeachment.  The Attorney General shall be 

nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. 

 

(H) Other Associated Executive Positions 

(i) The President reserves the right to create and fill positions that are necessary 

and proper to the functioning of the Executive Committee. 

 

(I) Removing Executive Committee Members  

(i) The President reserves the right to remove positions of his committee, 

however the decision to remove an executive member must be sustained by a 

two-thirds vote of the Senate. 

 

§ 2 Department of Communications 

(A) The appointed Webmaster shall be charged with maintaining and updating the 

USGA website with minutes, legislation, events, and updated contact information for all 

USGA members. 

 

(B) A USGA newsletter shall be published at least twice a semester and contain 

progress reports from the Speaker of the Senate, Chief Justice, CCO, CFO, CSO, Vice 

President, and the President. 

 

 § 3 The Campus Activity Network 

(A) CAN shall meet monthly and be composed of representatives from all RSOs, which 

shall be organized into subsections according to their classification by SAGA.  Each of 

these subgroups shall internally elect a delegate to the CAN Steering Board. 

 (i) One person my serve as the RSO representative for multiple organizations. 

 

(B) CAN shall be directed by the CAN Steering Board which shall be chaired by the CSO 

and be composed of the delegates from each of the RSO subsections and be advised 

by the SAGA Graduate Assistant.  This board shall meet prior to every CAN meeting 

to determine what should be placed on the agenda for the upcoming CAN meeting.  

The delegates shall further be responsible to serve as the primary contact person for 

the various RSOs within his subgroup to contact should they have a problem or need 

advice.  The delegates will also communicate any pertinent issues to SAGA or the 

USGA if the need arises. 

 

Title 5 The Financial Code 

§ 1 Mission 

The mission of the Financial Code shall be to provide policies and procedures for the effective 

management of all USGA Funds. 

 

§ 2 Office of Financial Affairs 

(A) Chief Financial Officer 

The Chief Financial Officer shall serve as an advisor to the Allocations Committee and 

the Budget Special Committee, and be tasked with managing and maintaining the USGA 

financial accounts and transactions. 

 

§ 3 USGA Funds  

(A) Funds 

(i) General Fund  

The General Fund shall provide resources for the general operations of the 

USGA. The General Fund shall operate based on line items pursuant to §3(C)(ii) 

(b). 

 

(ii) Student Activity Fund 

The Student Activity Fund (SAF) shall provide resources to be allocated to 

student organizations as provided by §4. The Student Activities Fund is a pool 

fund as described in §3(C)(ii)(a). 

 

(B) Budgeting 

The Vice President of Student Affairs of Loyola University Chicago shall issue the 

budget to the Unified Student Government Association. 

(i) Drafting of the Budget  

The Budget Special Committee shall be charged with drafting the USGA Budget, 

consisting of the General Fund, the Student Activities Fund, and the Reserve 

Fund. The Budget Special Committee shall consult with the relevant officers 

concerning the individual funds. The structure of the funds is defined in §3(C)(iii). 

 

(ii) Senate approval of the Budget 

After the budget has been drafted, it must be sent before the Senate as a bill 

sponsored by the Budget Special Committee. The Budget Special Committee 

shall provide an assessment of the current budget and budget draft for the 

upcoming year. If the bill is rejected, the Budget Special Committee must submit 

a new budget at the following Senate session. 

 

(C) Accounting Systems 

All USGA financial affairs shall adhere to the generally accepted accounting 

principles (GAAP) shall be the record of all expenditures from the USGA 

budget, tracking the status and transactions of all USGA fund. It shall be the 

responsibility of the Chief Financial Officer to maintain the GAAP. The outgoing 

and incoming Chief Financial Officer shall create an appropriate GAAP for the 

upcoming year. 

(i) Line Items 

Line items are to provide funding for particular functions or programs of the 

USGA. Each line item shall be assigned to the appropriate officer. Expenditures 

from a line item may only be used for their named function by the officer or their 

designee.

 

(ii) Pool Funds 

(a) Student Activity Fund  

The Student Activity Fund shall be a pool of funds to be allocated to 

eligible student organizations pursuant to §4. The activity of the Student 

Activity Fund shall be tracked through the SAF Tracker as a component 

of the GAAP. 

 

(b) General Fund 

The General fund shall be a pool of funds to be allocated pursuant to §5. 

It shall be held as a balance in the GAAP. 

  

§ 4 The Student Activity Fund 

(A) Allocation Authority 

The Senate of the Unified Student Government Association shall be the appropriator 

of the Student Activity Fund (SAF). Eligible Student Organizations, as determined by 

Student Activities & Greek Affairs (SAGA), may request funding from the Student Activity 

Fund through Annual Budget Requests and through Special Funding Requests.  All 

funding must conform to University Policy to be eligible for allocation. 

 

(B) SAF Allocations Meeting 

The Allocations Committee shall meet Mondays at 5:30 PM on dates determined by 

SAGA to hold hearings with student organizations on pending special funding requests 

and to prepare allocation recommendations for the Senate. The Allocations Committee 

shall meet at the end of the academic year to hold hearings with student organizations 

on pending annual budget requests and to prepare allocation recommendations for the 

Senate. 

 

(C) Special Funding Requests  

Special Funding Requests are requests for SAF funding for programs and services that 

arise during the course of the year. Organizations may submit a special funding request 

form (SFR) to SAGA by Friday at 12:00 PM. The SFR is distributed to members of the 

Allocations committee for its next regular meeting. 

 

(D) Annual Budgets 

Annual budgets are requests to provide SAF funding for an organization’s annual 

programs as well as Start-up funding. The Annual Budget process occurs each spring 

semester in which requests are made for the following academic year. Deadlines for 

submissions shall be determined by SAGA.  After hearing annual budget requests, the 

Allocations committee shall prepare a preliminary allocation recommendation. After 

hearing any rehearing requests, a final allocation recommendation will be prepared and 

submitted to the Senate. 

 

(E) Budget Transfers 

Budget Transfers are requests made by student organizations to transfer funds within 

a program; not across programs. Student organizations desiring to alter the amount 

of funding allocated within a funding category shall submit a Budget Transfer Form 

to SAGA.  The Budget Transfer request will be heard at the next regular Allocations 

Committee meeting. The request may be approved in whole, in part, or may be denied.  

Requests exceeding $1000, or fundamentally altering the premise of the budget 

proposal, must be re-submitted as a new Special Funding Request. 

 

(F) Senate Oversight 

(i) The Chairperson of the Allocations Committee shall present the Senate with 

a summary sheet of allocations recommendations with vote counts, as well as a 

copy of the “Program Detail and Justification Form” for each event. 

 

(ii) All USGA members shall announce conflicts of interest regarding SAF 

allocations during Allocations Committee and Senate meetings and recuse 

themselves from the vote. Failure to do so could result in judicial action. 

 

(iii) As the official appropriator of the Student Activity Fund, the Senate has 

oversight authority over all allocations.  The Senate delegates the primary 

funding capacity to the Allocations Committee of the Senate. 

 

(iv) The Senate may hold hearings to determine Registered Student Organization 

compliance with USGA and SAF policies, and may audit individual events. 

 

(v) The full Senate shall receive a briefing at the beginning of each new 

academic year concerning allocation protocols and the budget guidelines to 

facilitate their role as appropriator of student funds. 

 

(G) Appeals 

(i) SFR and Budget Transfers 

(a) Organizations may file an appeal of the Allocation Committee’s 

funding recommendations with the Senate. An organization that wishes to 

appeal a funding recommendation must turn in an appeals form to SAGA 

within ten business days of the allocation decision. If the student 

organization has made fundamental changes to the budget proposal, the 

proposal shall be re-submitted to the Allocations Committee.  In the 

absence of any fundamental changes to the petitioning student 

organization’s funding request, it shall be placed onto the agenda for the 

next Senate session. 

 

(b) During an appeal to the Senate the Chair of the Allocation Committee 

shall present a detailed report on the rationale for the Committee’s 

decision.  The student organization shall then have the opportunity to 

present their case before the Senate. 

 

(c) Any sustained appeals shall be communicated to SAGA and the 

pertinent student organization within 24 hours of the Senate’s vote by the 

Chair of the Allocations Committee. 

 

(ii) Annual Budgets 

(a) Rehearing Request 

Organizations which have been asked to supply additional information 

or desire to provide addition information or clarification may request a 

rehearing with the Allocations Committee by scheduling an appointment 

with the SAGA office within deadlines established by the SAGA office. 

 

(b) Annual Budget Appeals 

Student Organizations may appeal the funding decision of the Senate 

by submitting an appeals form to the SAGA office within five days of the 

Senate allocation. The petitioning student organization shall then be 

placed onto the agenda for the next Senate session. The appeal process 

shall be determined by the Speaker. 

 

(H) Funding Guidelines 

The budget guidelines shall be created by SAGA and the Allocations Committee and a 

copy of said guidelines will be given to the President and the Chief Justice. 

 

(I) Additional Rules and Regulations 

Additional rules and regulations may be prepared by the Unified Student 

Government Association in conjunction with SAGA. The USGA Code and such 

additional rules and regulations shall be published as “Funding Guidelines” and 

shall hold the full force and effect of law following approval through the Senate 

and Judicial Board. 

 

§ 5 Approval and Oversight 

(A) General Fund Access 

Access to the General Fund is limited to officers in the interests of fiscal management 

and responsibility. The Chief Financial Officer and the President shall authorize all 

transactions. 

 

(B) Reporting Expenditures  

All transactions must be reported to the Chief Financial Officer for the effective 

management of the budget, accompanied by a receipt as soon as possible. Repeated 

failure to submit receipts within five business days shall be considered grounds for 

judicial action. 

 

(C) Financial Status Reports 

The Chief Financial Officer shall prepare a report to be submitted to the Senate on 

a weekly basis. This report shall detail the status and activity of all USGA financial 

accounts based on the information provided by the GAAP. This report shall be published 

on the USGA Website. 

 

(D) Intra-Fund Transfers  

Intra-Fund transfers are transfers of monies between lines in a single fund within 

the General Fund.  The President and the Chief Financial Officer must approve line 

transfers. 

 

(E) Inter-Fund Transfers 

Inter-Fund transfers are transfers of monies between the three USGA funds. Inter-Fund 

transfers must be approved by the USGA Senate. 

  

Title 6 The USGA Judicial Board 

§ 1 The Judicial Board is tasked with the maintenance of all internal USGA documents, 

including but not limited to the USGA by-laws and Committee by-laws.  The Judicial Board shall 

also ensure that all USGA actions conform to established University policy and the USGA by- 

laws.  The Board retains the power of Judicial Review over all legislation and Executive Orders.  

The Board shall further hear all complaints brought against members of the USGA and shall 

issue rulings in those cases brought before them.  The Board shall hear all cases in involving 

the proper and efficient administration of the USGA brought before them by the Attorney 

General. 

 

§ 2 A complete record of each meeting shall be included in a Judicial Board Report.  This 

report, which shall include, but is not limited to, the status of bills and resolutions passed by the 

Senate and Judicial Rulings and Opinions on complaints filled by the Attorney General, shall be 

disseminated to the entire student government within 24 hours after each meeting of the Judicial 

Board 

  

Title 7 Amendments 

§ 1 The Code may be amended by a majority vote of the USGA Senate, at any scheduled 

meeting of the USGA Senate. 

 

§ 2 The proposed amendment to the USGA Code shall be submitted in writing at the scheduled 

meeting of the USGA Senate prior to the meeting at which the amendment shall be considered. 

A copy of the proposed amendment shall be distributed at the time of its proposal. 

 

§ 3 All Amendments to this document shall be listed in consecutive order at the end of this 

document after being approved by the Vice President of Student Development. 

 

Title 8 Auxiliary Officers 

§ 1 The Advisor

(A) The Division of Student Development shall appoint an Advisor to the USGA. 

 

(B) The Advisor shall inform USGA discussion and maintain adherence to university 

mission and identity within the USGA. 

 

(C) The Advisor shall not have a vote in the USGA. 

 

§ 2 The Chaplain 

(A) The Department of Campus Ministry may appoint a Chaplain to the USGA. 

 

(B) The Chaplain shall be charged with the USGA’s reflection on purpose and the 

adherence to university mission and identity within the USGA. 

 

(C) The Chaplain shall not have a vote in the USGA.

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