Copying Files to Orion
What is Filezilla?
Filezilla is a computer application that copies files from one computer system to another. At Loyola, you can use it to copy files from a local computer (your lab or office machine) to Orion, Loyola's Web server. It also allows you to attach to other locations on the Internet and download or upload files, provided you have an ID and password for those sites.
Filezilla replaces all previous SCP, FTP, and SFTP clients at Loyola, including WS_FTP. All Loyola staff, faculty, and students who use Orion to develop and publish Web pages need to become familiar with this new method of copying files to Orion.
What Do I Need to Use Filezilla?
If you are connecting to Orion, you need an Orion username and password. If you do not have an Orion account, you can find the form to request one here . If you are connecting to another site on the Internet via FTP, you do not need an Orion username or password. If the site you are attaching to is password protected, however, you will need a username and password provided by that site's administrator.
Using Filezilla on a Loyola-Networked Computer
On Loyola-networked computers (lab machines, most faculty and staff desktops), the Filezilla client is accessible through the "Filezilla (FTP)" icon found under Loyola Software.
- Click Start
- Select All Programs | Loyola Software | Internet Tools | Filezilla (FTP).
Connecting to Orion:
- Click New Site.
- Type orion.it.luc.edu in the "Host:" field.
- Type 22 in the "Port:" field.
- Choose SFTP using SSH2 from the "Servertype:" drop-down menu.
- Choose Normal in the "Logontype" box.
- Login with your Orion ID and password.
- Click Connect.
NOTE: You can connect to any host by following this same procedure.
Copying Files to Orion:
Once you connect to Orion using Filezilla, you see a window separated into two panes. The left pane displays the files and folders on your local computer. The right pane displays the files and folders on the host you are connected to, in this case Orion.
- Find the file you want to copy:
At the top of the left pane, click in the "Local Site:" field and type the path to your file.
In the left pane, double-click drives and folders to reveal their content. Double-click the .. directory to move up one directory.
Note: As you type in new paths, Filezilla remembers them. To access the same path in the future, simply click the arrow next to the "Local Site:" drop-down menu and click on the saved path.
- In the right pane, click in the "Remote Site:" field and type the directory path where you want the copied file to reside and press Enter. See the Note about directory paths.
- Double-click a directory to view that directory's contents.
Note: As you type in new paths or open new directories, Filezilla remembers them. To access the same directory in the future, simply click the arrow next to the "Remote Site:" drop-down menu and click on the saved path.
- In the left pane, click and hold the file you want to copy. Drag the file to the right pane and release the mouse button.
Changing File Permissions:
Permissions (also called rights) regulate who can access your directories to read and edit your files. Each file and directory housed on Orion has its own set of permissions.
Read rights allow users to view your file using a Web browser.
Write rights allow users to edit your file.
Execute rights allow users to access your directory.
The instructions below give you "read" and "write" permission for your files, as well as "execute" permission for your directories. Other users will only receive "read" rights to protect your files and directories from outside tampering. No one will be able to edit your files but you. If you are working as part of a Web group, you may want to give that group "write" permission as well so that other people in the group can edit the group's files.
Important: Once you give other users permission to view your file, anyone in the world with access to a Web browser can view it. Make sure the information you include on your page is accurate and appropriate for public viewing.
- In the right pane, right-click the file you want to change permissions for.
- Click File Attributes....
- For directories, type 755 in the "Numeric" field.
For files, type 644 in the "Numeric" field.
Click the boxes next to the permissions you want to grant.
- Click OK.
Using Filezilla on a Non-Loyola-Networked Computer
If you plan to copy files to Orion from a non-Loyola-networked computer (your home computer, a laptop, or any office computer not running NAL), then you need to download Filezilla to your machine. You can find Filezilla for your operating system at http://filezilla.sf.net. On that page:
- Click Download.
- Click the setup.exe file for the latest version of Filezilla.
- Under "Download," click the icon next to a North American mirror site.
- Click Open.
- Proceed to Connecting to Orion (above).
For Mac Users
Mac users should use the Fugu client to copy files to Orion. Download Fugu from http://rsug.itd.umich.edu/software/fugu/.
Note about Directory Paths
A directory path lets Orion know how to find the directory (also called folder) in which you want to work.
For example, if the directory shakespeare was a sub-directory of the directory of english, the directory path would look like this:
On Orion, all web pages begin with the directory path /usr/local/www/. If you need to place files in the /english/shakespeare directory, you would need to move to the space /usr/local/www/english/shakespeare.
On Orion, all faculty pages are in the subdirectory /usr/local/www/faculty/.
Student Organization Pages
If you are publishing pages for a student organization, you'll need to save your files in that organization's directory. The directory path begins with /usr/local/www/orgs and ends with your organization's web page name. For example, if you want to place files in the Unified Student Government Association's area, you would move into the space /usr/local/www/orgs/usga. You will need to know your organization's web address designation. If you don't know this, you can contact email@example.com and we can provide that information for you.
Departmental Web Pages
Most departmental pages are now housed within the Serena Collage Content Management System. If you need access to departmental pages, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Personal Web Pages
If you are publishing a personal Web page at Loyola, then save your files in the .web directory. The directory path to your .web directory looks like this: /u3/username/.web where username is your Loyola username.
Orion automatically connects to your personal directory (/u3/username). If you do not see a .web directory listed on the right pane of the SCP window, create one by following these directions:
- Right-click in the right pane.
- Click Create Directory.
- Type the name of the directory and press Enter.