Loyola University Chicago

Center for Research on Self-Sufficiency (CROSS)

School of Social Work

PSS Research Program

CROSS focuses on disconnected workers and long-term unemployed jobseekers, namely low-income and low-skilled individuals who lack education and have limited human capital. Participants at our community partners are challenged with a host of employment barriers, live in areas of concentrated poverty and joblessness, and have difficulty finding and keeping jobs in the Chicago region and other areas.

Pychological Self-Sufficiency or PSS is a “process”-oriented success measure in workforce development that captures one’s capacity and work readiness. Perceived employment barriers and employment hope make up PSS. It complements the “outcome”- driven ESS by capturing an intermediary output.
Undertanding PSS Research: find a copy of the outline here.

Perceived employment barrier measures low-income jobseekers’ own perception of barriers to securing a job.

Employment hope measures the internal strength resource one must possess, nurture, and sustain to balance the harsh realities of multiple personal and contextual obstacles in life.

PSS measures can be found at the following link.

Theoretical Model from PSS to ESS

PSS Survey

CROSS collects and analyzes PSS survey data on measures of character traits, PSS, and ESS by following the participants from the beginning stage of participating in a workforce development program to post-employment placement.