Loyola University Chicago

Center for Research on Self-Sufficiency (CROSS)

School of Social Work

TIP® Institute

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Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP)®

TIP® program was developed by Dr. Philip Hong and his research team at the Center for Research on Self-Sufficiency (CROSS) of Loyola University Chicago. It is a transformative social change model that serves as a framework to empower individuals and to have lasting ripple effects on the outer layers of social systems for greater impact. Based on 10 years (2004-2014) of evidence generated through Dr. Hong’s research on psychological self-sufficiency (PSS) in workforce development, TIP® emerged as a core bottom-up system change model that supports successful processes and outcomes in various sectors of human services.

Starting in the summer of 2014, Dr. Hong and his research team in collaboration with Hope Works, a social service agency in Woodlawn, Chicago, partnered in developing TIP® and implemented its beta version at Hope Works in November 2014. Since then, many community-based organizations have supported and collaborated with CROSS in implementation of TIP®. TIP® has received strong support and has been used by many community-based organizations locally and internationally.

What is TIP®?

  • Evidence-informed intervention model that addresses the psychological self-sufficiency (PSS) process in workforce development.
  • PSS comprises perceived employment barriers and employment hope. They can be measured by the Perceived Employment Barrier Scale (PEBS) and the Short Employment Hope Scale (EHS-14) (see below for related publications).
  • PSS is conceptualized as a psychological capital that serves as the core skill set necessary to develop and glue together the mosaic of all human and social capital.
  • TIP® program is an evidence-informed intervention model developed by research team at Loyola University Chicago in collaboration with group work practitioners. Its transformative leadership development curriculum empowers the participants to develop self-awareness, confidence, hope, goal-orientation, leadership, accountability, conscientiousness, and grit, it is anticipated that it improves both employment and retention outcomes. TIP program is made up of transformative 15-session employment readiness modules designed to assist low-income job seekers transition from long-term unemployment—due to welfare receipt, homelessness, substance abuse, mental health issues, prison sentencing, etc.—to employment.
  • Copy of the publication can be found here http://ecommons.luc.edu/socialwork_facpubs/36/

Key Areas

Dr. Hong’s research team is working on various versions of TIP® models for application to the following key areas and contexts in human services:

  • Workforce development
  • Health and mental health
  • Youth development / academic success
  • Ex-offender reentry
  • Social enterprise
  • Financial literacy
  • Refugee resettlement
  • Native Americans

Copyright Statement

TIP ® is a copyrighted material (Material) owned by Dr. Philip Hong and Loyola University Chicago (LUC). Material consists of the outline and curriculum content of the evidence-informed Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) ® program and its evaluative psychological self-sufficiency (PSS) metrics—Employment Hope Scale (EHS) and Perceived Employment Barrier Scale (PEBS)—developed by Dr. Hong at LUC School of Social Work. Please contact the author at phong@luc.edu before using the Material.