Loyola University Chicago

Department of English


Pamela L. Caughie

Pamela L. Caughie



As a modernist scholar and a feminist and gender theorist, my research has focused on feminist and poststructuralist theoretical interventions in the study of modernist and postmodernist literature and culture, and on “identity issues,” especially gender, sexuality, race, and class. I regularly teach courses on modernism, postmodernism, feminism, and gender and transgender studies. Graduate seminars offered in the past six years include “Queer Modernity,” “Feminist Theory,” “Postmodernism,” and “Virginia Woolf and Transnational Modernism,” the latter designed around the theme of the 2014 International Virginia Woolf Conference,” which I co-hosted at Loyola. Recent undergraduate courses have featured “The Feminist Avant-Garde,” “Trans* Narratives,” “Contemporary Theory,” and “African American Literature.” I am also a former president of the Modernist Studies Association, former director of the English graduate program, and former director of the Women’s Studies and Gender Studies Program.

Over the past decade I have become increasingly involved in digital humanities. I am currently on the advisory board of our Center for Textual Studies and Digital Humanities, where I also serve on the Graduate Committee. I am a founding- and co-director of Modernist Networks, a consortium of digital projects in modernist literature and culture, and a co-editor of Woolf Online, a digital archive of Virginia Woolf’s 1927 novel, To the Lighthouse. Presently I am project director for the Lili Elbe Digital Archive, a digital edition and archive of Man into Woman (1933), the life narrative of Lili Elbe, one of the first persons to undergo gender confirmation surgery in 1930.

Along with directing this digital project, I am co-editor, with Sabine Meyer, a transgender scholar from Berlin, of Man into Woman: A Comparative Scholarly Edition, to be published in Bloomsbury Academic’s Modernist Archives series (January 2020). I have edited or co-edited three other books, and have published two monographs and over forty book chapters and articles on modernism, Woolf, technology, and theory.

I love what I do, and I am aware every day of my life how privileged I am to be able to say that. Hours spent discussing theory with students in office hours and at local coffee shops, or editing a student’s writing, are, for me, not hours lost from my own work, but pleasure gained from an exchange of ideas with others whose interests and passions become my own. This is why I love digital humanities collaborative work. I feel fortunate every day that I am able to do what I love to do, and that enjoyment in my work is what I hope to pass onto my students. I see my primary role as a Loyola faculty member as modeling the passion for ideas and the generosity of spirit that enables liberal education to work. 


  • Ph.D. Modern Literature
    University of Virginia, August 1987
  • M.A. English
    James Madison University, May 1977
  • B.A. English and Mathematics
    James Madison University, May 1975

Program Areas

  • Transatlantic Literature and Culture
  • Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture
  • African American Literature
  • Literature and Identity
  • Textual Studies and Digital Humanities
  • Women’s Studies and Gender Studies
  • Literary Theory

Research Interests

  • Modern and Postmodern Literature and Culture
  • Gender and Transgender Studies
  • Feminist Theory
  • Literary Theory
  • Literature and Identity
  • Pedagogy


  • Peter Hans Kolvenbach Award for Engaged Teaching, Loyola University Chicago, 2018
  • Faculty Member of the Year, Loyola University Chicago, 2012
  • Graduate Faculty Member of the Year, Loyola University Chicago, 2009

Invited Lectures and Presentations

Lecture, “The End(s) of Feminist Pedagogy,” Brunel University, London, March 4, 2020

Lecture, “Creating the Lili Elbe Digital Archive,” University of Copenhagen, March 2, 2020, and, University College London, March 6, 2020 [Lectures at Birkbeck College (March 5) and University of Pennsylvania (March 19) canceled due to a labor strike in London and the COVID 19 pandemic.]

“Digital Humanities and Modernist Texts: Theory and Praxis,” Invited Keynote, Qatar University, December 4-5, 2017

#one in theirself, a panel discussion, Woman Made Gallery and Open TV, April 9, 2016; presented on the Gerda Wegener exhibit at the Arken Museum of Modern Art, Denmark in conjunction with Woman Made Gallery’s exhibit of Einar Wegener (a.k.a. Lili Elbe)

“’those queer dead women’: Woolf and Feminism,” Oregon State University, February 24, 2015

"Modernist Life Writing in the Era of Transsexualism," Northern Illinois University, October 10, 2012

“’On or about December 2010, human character changed--again’: Modernism and Posthumanism” Keynote lecture, “Intersections: Theory’s Modernism and Modernism’s Theory,” University of Glasgow, December 11, 2010 http://www.gla.ac.uk/departments/snms/interceptionssymposium/

“’Well, I’ve queered that’: Modernism and Transgender,” The Centre for the Study of Sexual Dissidence & Cultural Change and the Centre for Modernist and Contemporary Thought, University of Sussex, December 8, 2010 http://www.sussex.ac.uk/newsandevents/sussexlectures/

“From Authenticity to Legitimacy: Passing from Race to Class,” Keynote address, “Passing and Questions of Legitimacy,” Graduate Conference, U of Tulsa, February 18, 2006

"Class Acts," presented to the English Department, Ohio State University, February 2004

Lecture for faculty/students and workshop for graduate teaching assistants on Passing and Pedagogy, Ohio State University, May 2003

“Passing and Modernism,” DePauw University, April 10, 2001

“Passing, Pedagogy, and the Subjective Experience of School Life,” Keynote address, The Hidden Questions Conference, Francis Parker High School, Chicago, December 1, 2000

"No Passing Fad: Women's Studies Turns Thirty," Gender Studies Program, University of Notre Dame, March 6, 2000

"Passing as Modernism," Modernist Studies Association Conference, Penn State U., October 1999

"Virginia Woolf in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," Keynote Roundtable, Ninth Annual Virginia Woolf Conference, U of Delaware, June 1999 (presented in absentia)

"Rites of Passage: Passing in Higher Education Today," Visiting Scholar's Program, James Madison University, Virginia, March 21, 1998

"'Reiterating the Differences': Virginia Woolf and (Postmodern) Theory," Seventh Annual Virginia Woolf Conference, Plymouth, NH, June 1997 (abstract to be published in the conference proceedings) "Passing as Ethics," Conference on Pragmatism and the Politics of Culture, U of Tulsa, March 1993 Invited discussant, Conference on Pedagogy: the Question of the Personal; Center for Twentieth- Century Studies, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee, April 15-17, 1993

Panel on The Role of the Mentor in the Teacher/Scholar Program, National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, D.C. June 25, 1992

"Passing and Pedagogy: The Pedagogy of Displacement"; presented at the President's Forum, "Possibilities of Oppositional Discourse," Midwest MLA Convention, Chicago, November 1991

"Returning to the Lighthouse: Virginia Woolf and Postmodernism," Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, October, 1991

Feminist Criticism and Theory, Knox College, Galesburg, IL; Sept. 1988

Selected Publications

Selected works of Dr. Caughie's can be accessed digitally through the University Library.


  • Passing and Pedagogy: The Dynamics of Responsibility (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999) (This book is the topic of a roundtable discussion in Pedagogy, 1.3 (Fall 2001): 554-563. It is also the topic of a full-length article in JAC by Karen Kopelson (Spring 2006).)
  • Virginia Woolf and Postmodernism: Literature in Quest and Question of Itself (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991) http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/3/


  • Man into Woman: A Comparative Scholarly Edition, co-edited with Sabine Meyer (London: Bloomsbury Academic Publishers, forthcoming January 2020)
  • Virginia Woolf Writing the World, co-edited with Diana L. Swanson, (Clemson SC: Clemson UP, 2015). “The Queer Debt Crisis: How Queer Is Now?”, edited and introduced, Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association (Fall 2014) 
  • Disciplining Modernism, edited and introduced (London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2009), cited in https://modernismmodernity.org/forums/posts/new-disciplinary-history
  • “Modernism, Gender and Passing,” edited and introduced, in Gender in Modernism: New Geographies; Complex Intersections. General Editor, Bonnie Kime Scott (U of Illinois P, 2007): 372-426.
  • Virginia Woolf in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, edited and introduced (New York: Garland Publishing, 2000)
  • Co-editor, with Margaret Stetz, "Women Reading/Reading Women: Essays on Gender and Reading," a special issue of READER, 22 (Fall 1989)

Digital Projects:

  • The Lili Elbe Digital Archive, co-edited with Sabine Meyer, Rebecca Parker, and Nikolaus Wasmoen. Launched 6 July 2019 (in-progress through 2020) (http://www.lilielbe.org)
  • Modernist Networks, co-director with David Chinitz. A federation of digital projects in modernist literature and culture, and the modernist node of ARC (Advanced Research Consortium). Launched August 2015. (http://www.modnets.org)
  • Woolf Online, co-editor with Mark Hussey, Nick Hayward, Peter Shillingsburg, and George K. Thiruvathukal. A digital archive of Woolf’s 1927 novel, To the Lighthouse. Launched December 2013 (http://www.woolfonline.com)

Articles and Book Chapters:

  • Hélène Allatini, “Il et Elle” (“He and She”), from Mosaïques (1939), edited and introduced, Feminist Modernist Studies, 2:1 (2019), 121-139,
  • “From Work to Tech: Digital Archives and Queer Narratives,” with Sabine Meyer, Special issue of Modernism/modernity Print Plus Platform, ed. Rebecca Walkowitz (February 2019) https://modernismmodernity.org/forums/posts/work-tech-queer-narratives
  • “Storm Clouds on the Horizon: Feminist Ontologies and the Problem of Gender,” with Emily Datskou and Rebecca Parker, Feminist Modernist Studies 1.3 (October 2018): 230-242. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/24692921.2018.1505819
  • “Curriculum vitae: Biofiction as Life Writing,” Special issue of Virginia Woolf Miscellany, ed. Michael Lackey and Todd Avery (Spring/Summer 2018): 23-26. https://virginiawoolfmiscellany.files.wordpress.com/2018/12/VWM93Spring- Summer2018_final_version.pdf
  • “Feminist Woolf,” A Companion to Virginia Woolf, ed. Jessica Benjamin (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016):305-18. Print http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1118457889.html
  • “The garden of cultural acceptability”: Gender in The Garden of Eden, Then and Now," with Erin Holliday-Karre. Teaching Hemingway: Hemingway and Gender & Sexuality, ed. Verna Kale (Kent State UP, 2016)
  • "The Modernist Novel in its Contemporaneity," A History of the Modernist Novel, ed. Gregory Castle (Cambridge UP, 2015): 389-407.
  • “The Temporality of Modernist Life Writing in the Era of Transsexualism: Virginia Woolf’s Orlando and Einar Wegener’s Man into Woman,” Modern Fiction Studies (Fall 2013): 501-525. http://muse.jhu.edu.flagship.luc.edu/journals/modern_fiction_studies/v059/59.3.caughie.pdf and http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/10/
  • “’The best people’: The Making of the Black Bourgeoisie in Writings of the Negro Renaissance,” Modernism/Modernity (Fall 2013): 519-38. http://muse.jhu.edu.flagship.luc.edu/journals/modernism-modernity/v020/20.3.caughie.html
  • “Dogs and Servants,” Virginia Woolf Miscellany #84 (Fall 2013): 37-39. http://virginiawoolfmiscellany.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/vwm84fall2013-beta.pdf
  • "On or About December 2010, human character changed--again." Virginia Woolf and December 1910: Studies in Rhetoric and Context, ed. Makiko Minow-Pinkney (Illuminati Books, 2014): 62-68.
  • "Lessons Learned," introduction to a cluster of essays on "The Future of Women's Literature in Modernist Studies," Literature Compass, 10.1 (January 2013): 1-
  • “Theorizing the ‘First-Wave’ Globally,” edited and introduced; special themed section of The Feminist Review 95 (July 2010): 5-68. http://www.feminist-review.com/
  • “Audible Identities: Passing and Sound Technologies.” Special issue of Humanities Research, ed.
  • Monique Rooney and Carolyn Strange (Australian National University, 2010): 91-109. http://epress.anu.edu.au/hrj2010_citation.html or http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/5/
  • “Virginia Woolf: Radio, Gramophone, and Broadcasting.” In The Edinburgh Companion to Virginia Woolf, ed. Maggie Humm (Edinburgh U P, 2010): 332-347. http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/13
  • “’Passing’ and Identity: A Literary Perspective on Gender and Sexual Diversity.” In God, Science, Sex and Gender: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Christian Ethics, ed. Patricia Jung and Aana Vigen (U of Illinois P, 2010): 195-216. http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/1/
  • "Disciplining the Times and Spaces of Modernism," Kritika Kultura 14 (2010): 35-41. http://150.ateneo.edu/kritikakultura/images/pdf/kk14/modernism.pdf
  • “Disciplined or Punished? The Future of Graduate Education in Women’s Studies,” with Jennifer Parks. Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal, Special issue on “Women’s Education/Educating Women.” 33.2 (Spring 2009): 32-42. http://forms.msvu.ca/atlantis/frame/volumes.htm
  • “Time’s Exception,” Modernism and Theory: A Critical Debate, ed. Stephen Ross, with an Afterword by Fredric Jameson (Routledge 2009): 99-111.
  • “Impassioned Teaching.” Academe (July/August 2007): 54-56. http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/pubsres/academe/2007/JA/Feat/caug.htm
  • "Homeland (In)Security, or the new intelligence on mothers," with Anne Callahan, Studies in the Humanities 34.1 (June 2007): 60-88.
  • “Poststructuralist and Postmodernist Approaches to Virginia Woolf,” in Palgrave Advances in Virginia Woolf Studies, ed. Anna Snaith (Palgrave/MacMillan, 2007): 143-168. http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/6
  • “The Example of Barbara Johnson.” Special Issue on Barbara Johnson, ed. Elizabeth Weed and Ellen Rooney. Differences 17.3 (November 2006): 177-194. http://web.ebscohost.com.flagship.luc.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&hid=111&sid=87a
  • “Reservations: A Response to Karen Kopelman.” JAC 26.1-2 (Fall 2006): 185-204.
  • "Virginia Woolf, To the Lighthouse," in The Blackwell Companion to Modernist Literature and Culture, ed. Kevin Dettmar and David Bradshaw. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing (2006): 486-498.
  • "Passing as Modernism," Modernism/modernity 12.3 (September 2005): 385-406. http://muse.jhu.edu.flagship.luc.edu/journals/modernism-modernity/v012/12.3caughie.html and http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/8
  • "Wo(o)lfish Academics." The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 37.1 (Spring 2004): 69-80.
  • “Professional Identity Politics,” Feminist Studies 29.2 (Summer 2003): 402-404 and 422-434. http://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?ctx_ver=Z39.88- 2003&xri:pqil:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:lion-us&rft_id=xri:lion:ft:abell:R03465661:0
  • "Teaching 'Woman': A Cultural Criticism Approach to Teaching D.H. Lawrence," Approaches to Teaching D. H. Lawrence, ed. Elizabeth Sargent and Garry Watson (New York: MLA, 2001): 116-125.
  • "Returning to the Lighthouse: A Postmodern Approach," Approaches to Teaching Woolf's "To the Lighthouse", ed. Beth Rigel Daugherty and Mary Beth Pringle (New York: MLA, 2001): 47-53.
  • "How Do We Keep Desire from Passing with Beauty?" Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 19.2 (Fall 2000): 269-284. http://www.jstor.org.flagship.luc.edu/stable/pdfplus/464430.pdf and http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/7
  • "Virginia Woolf in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction," Virginia Woolf Turning Centuries: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Virginia Woolf Conference, ed. Ann Ardis and Bonnie Kime Scott. (New York: Pace U P, 2000).
  • "Woolf and Wittgenstein," Virginia Woolf Miscellany (Fall 1998): 2-3.
  • "Let It Pass: Changing the Subject, Once Again," Feminism and Composition Studies: In Other Words, ed. Susan C. Jarratt and Lynn Worsham (New York: MLA 1998): 111-31. Revised and reprinted from PMLA
  • "Let It Pass: Changing the Subject, Once Again," PMLA 112.1 (January 1997): 26-39. http://www.jstor.org.flagship.luc.edu/stable/pdfplus/463051.pdf and http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/25
  • "An Exchange on 'Truth and Methods'," with Reed Way Dasenbrock, College English (October 1996): 541-554.
  • "Passing as Pedagogy: Feminism in(to) Cultural Studies," in English Studies/Culture Studies, ed. Isaiah Smithson and Nancy Ruff. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994. 76-93.
  • "Making History," in Making Feminist History: The Literary Scholarship of Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, ed. William E. Cain. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994. 255-68.
  • "'not entirely strange . . . not entirely friendly': Passing and Pedagogy," College English 54 (November 1992): 775-793.
  • "Virginia Woolf and Postmodernism: Returning to the Lighthouse," in Rereading the New: A Backward Glance at Modernism, ed. Kevin Dettmar. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1992. 297-323.
  • "Resisting 'the dominance of the professor': Gendered Teaching, Gendered Subjects," with Richard Pearce, NWSA Journal 4.2 (Summer 1992): 187-199. Reprinted in Feminist Pedagogy: Looking Back to Move Forward, ed. Robbin D. Crabtree, David Alan Sapp, and Adela C. Licona. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2009: 27-40.
  • "Virginia Woolf and Postmodern Feminism," in Virginia Woolf Miscellanies: Proceedings of the First Annual Conference on Virginia Woolf, ed. Mark Hussey and Vara Neverow-Turk. New York: Pace University Press, 1992. 215-222.
  • "The Artist Figure in Virginia Woolf's Writings" in Writing the Woman Artist, ed. Suzanne Jones.Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991. 371-97.
  • "Flush and the Literary Canon: Oh Where oh where has that silly dog gone?", Special issue on Re- defining Marginality. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 10, 1 (Spring 1991): 47-66. (Winner, Council of Editors of Learned Journals "Best Special Issue Award" for 1991); http://www.jstor.org.flagship.luc.edu/stable/463951; Rpt. in Critical Assessments of Virginia Woolf, Vol 4, ed. Eleanor McNees (Helm Information Publishers, 1993)
  • "Virginia Woolf's Double Discourse" in Discontented Discourses, ed. Richard Feldstein and Marleen Barr (Urbana: University of Illinois P, 1989): 41-53; http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/4/ Rpt. in Critical Assessments of Virginia Woolf, Vol. 4, ed. Eleanor McNees (Helm Information Publishers, 1993); Rpt. in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, Vol. 56, ed. Marie Lazzari (Gale Research Inc., 1994)
  • "Purpose and Play in Woolf's London Scene Essays."Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 16, 3-4 (1989):  389-409.
  • "Sir Thomas Browne and Orlando," Virginia Woolf Miscellany (Fall 1985) http://ecommons.luc.edu/english_facpubs/2/
  • "The Death of Kafka: The Birth of Writing," Kafka Society of America Newsletter (1981): 3-22.


  • Introduction to “The Queer Debt Crisis: How Queer is Now?”, Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association (Fall 2014—forthcoming)
  • "Lessons Learned," Introduction to "The Future of Women's Literature in Modernist Studies," Literature Compass, 10.1 (January 2013): 1-7.
  • Introduction to “Theorizing the ‘First-Wave’ Globally,” The Feminist Review 95 (July 2010): 5-9. Introduction to Disciplining Modernism (London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2009): 1-10.
  • Introduction to Virginia Woolf in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, ed. Pamela L. Caughie (New York: Garland Publishing, 2000): xix-xxxvi.
  • Introduction to Cris Mazza, Is It Sexual Harassment Yet?, revised edition (Fiction Collective Two, Southern Illinois U P, 1998): iv-xx.
  • Introduction to "Women Reading/Reading Women: Essays on Gender and Reading", with Margaret Stetz, READER 22 (Fall 1989): 1-8.