Loyola University Chicago

Gannon Center for Women and Leadership


Deena Al-Ali

Deena Al-Ali
Global Studies, Political Science
Dr. Jennifer Forestal

The acronym PEP, Progressive Except for Palestine, has been used to criticize members of the American left who take progressive stances on certain issues, (i.e., recognizing human rights violations, systemic racism, land belonging to the indigenous community, etc.) but fail to recognize those same issues in the context of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Conversely, although the sample size is egregiously low, Muslim elected officials who voice public support for the Palestinian cause are often the target of accusations of Anti-Semitism from both sides of the aisle, often through the conflation of anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism. This undue reputation is especially detrimental to the Muslim community, already a highly targeted religious minority in America. This phenomenon led to my research question of whether this pattern follows in different countries outside of the United States. I seek to explore and compare the treatment of Muslim public officials and their non-Muslim counterparts to further explore the relationship between anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism as it relates to this specific population, and subsequently, the reception and rhetoric to those same platforms.