Loyola University Chicago

Midwest Modern Language Association

Permanent Section Call for Papers

We will be posting the CFPs for each Permanent Section and Associated Organization soon. Click the drop down arrows below to access Permanent Section and Associated Organization CFPs for the 2019 Conference.

"’Until the Lions have Their Own Historians, the History of the Hunt will Always Glorify the Hunter”: The Dilemma of Colonial/Postcolonial Duality in African Literature.’

There is a way Africans are depicted in their literature, or in the literature of other cultures that are in opposition to their own reality. Much of what is written about the continent has its genesis in the annals of colonial histories, compiled dutifully by explorers who found their way into the “dark” continent goaded either by curiosity or love of adventure and a religious fervor, eventually discovering goldmines of fortune in the forests, palaces and cities of Africa. The sub-human, or at best subaltern characters in fiction written largely by Europeans  during much of colonial time in sub-Saharan Africa, represented literary portraits from the continent. Students in most public elementary schools in Anglophone Africa, for example, read about the doting, obedient Mr. Johnson in Joyce Cary’s novel of the same title, Mr. Johnson. It’s no surprise that Chinua Achebe, writing several years later, from the inside of the same place, saw a different African thriving within an intellectually mature society, a sharp contrast to what Cary described in his novella.

This year’s conference theme, “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” examines how, “from the invention of writing to the society of simulation, doubles have been present in literatures and cultures throughout the ages. Whether in the form of alter egos, twins, doppelgängers, reflections, or look-alikes, doubles fascinate – in everyday life and culture as well as in literature…., there are as many versions of one single person as there are others’ eyes looking on, perceiving, reflecting and judging. Individual and social worlds are comprised of a myriad of doubles.”  (MMLA 2019 CFP)

In conjunction, therefore, with the general theme, the African Literature Section invites papers from scholars on the notion of duality focusing, but not limited to colonial/postcolonial identity; notion of space and place; national/personal identity and the African character in the diaspora.

Papers should attempt to answer, among others, questions grappling with how Africans are perceived by themselves, inside their own place; what others notice about them inside their own place; how they see themselves outside of their place; how others see them in a space different from theirs.

Abstracts no longer than 250 words should be sent to Dr. Olabisi Gwamna at titilopes41@gmail.com, no later than April 15, 2019.

In The Souls of Black Folk (1903), W. E. B. Du Bois famously conceptualized doubleness as the condition of black life in America, asserting: “It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his two-ness,—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.” African American literature has often thematically foregrounded double-consciousness, in addition to representing doubles, doppelgängers, and other forms of duality.

Inspired by the 2019 MMLA conference theme (https://www.luc.edu/mmla/convention/callforpapers/), this permanent section invites papers and creative presentations on doubleness, broadly construed, in African American literature. Potential topics may include: 

  • Double-consciousness in African American literature
  • African American literary texts as doubles, e.g., re-visions of prior texts
  • Doubling and intersectionality in African American literature
  • Doppelgängers in African American literary texts
  • Racial passing as a type of doubling in African American literature
  • Formal duality in African American literary texts
  • Methods of teaching doubleness in African American literature

Please email a file including your presentation title, an abstract of no more than 250 words, and a brief bio (of up to 250 words) to Dr. Almas Khan at almas.khan@georgetown.edu by April 5, 2019.

This section invites papers/presentations on the conference theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” in American Literature 1: Literature Before 1870. Since this section covers such a broad swath of American literary history, one can imagine that many of the sub-topics connected to this year’s theme apply, including but not limited to: doubles, doppelgängers, twins, mirror images, reflections, double-meanings, double entendre, literal/metaphorical, transnational, translations, translators, reproductions, copies, etc.

Please submit a 250-word abstract and a brief bio to Dr. Shawna Rushford-Spence at srushford-spence@lourdes.edu by April 15, 2019.

The MMLA’s permanent section on American Literature After 1870 invites papers which, building on the conference theme, examine the topic of “dual citizenship” in American novels, poetry, and/or other kinds of texts. Our panel seeks a range of primary materials from a variety of times, places, and communities to create a fuller picture of the legal, cultural, and emotional dimensions of multiple citizenship in American literature. 

Speaking on multiple/dual citizenship, Peter Spiro writes: “Should the individual’s relationship to the state be an exclusive one? As much as any other citizenship-related issues, the answer to this question has shifted dramatically in recent decades. Multiple citizenship was once considered an impossibility, an offense to nature, a moral abomination. Today it is a commonplace of globalization.” While submitted papers should address this shift, the panel’s overall theme of “dual citizenship” can and should be understood broadly to include issues like:


1. Narratives of naturalization, with a focus on legal processes

2. Diasporic cultures with multiple national attachments born from forced displacement

3. Forms of “global citizenship” that might include cosmopolitanism

4. The relationship between regional belonging and national citizenship

5. Alternative understandings of “citizenship” including subcultural affiliations

For consideration, please send an abstract of no more than 250 words and a brief bio to: najung@uwm.edu by April 15th, 2019.

How can you look an animal in the face?

  Animal Doubles in Literature and Film

This year's "Animals in Literature and Film" panel at the Midwest Modern Languages Association's annual meeting (November 13–17, 2019 in Chicago, IL) invites papers engaging the conference’s theme of “Doubles, Duality, and Doppelgangers,” specifically how works of literature or film reflect or confound perceived differences between human and non-human animals.

Discussing his cat, Jacques Derrida asks in “The animal that therefore I am,” “How can an animal look you in the face?” [1] He goes on to consider the philosophical and moral issues in the word “animal,” as a word imposed on others by human beings. In response, Donna Haraway criticizes Derrida for not “seriously consider[ing] an alternative form of engagement ... one that risked knowing something more about cats and how to look back, perhaps even scientifically, biologically, and therefore also philosophically and intimately.”[2] Haraway’s comment points to the continued privileging of the human over the animal, even in philosophical discourse that positions humans alongside animals.

Art often explores this privileging at the same time it questions or exploits it. The narrator of Daphne du Maurier’s “Blue Lenses” wakes up after surgery only to see that everyone—every human—has suddenly turned into an animal.[3] When she reluctantly looks at herself in the mirror, she realizes that she too was an animal all along. What happens when we look in the mirror and see an animal staring back at us? This panel will examine the parallels and similarities between humans and animals in literature and film. Potential topics include but are not limited to: 

  • The use of animal similes and metaphors and their symbolism
  • The transformation (complete or incomplete) of humans into animals or animals into humans
  • When animals speak to humans or each other and the language of their discourse
  • Hybrids and chimaeras as uncomfortable doubles
  • The ethics of cloning and the use of clones for non-human purposes (e.g., organ harvesting)
  • Human-animal genetic experimentation in science and speculative fiction
  • Animal familiars in folklore; animal brides/grooms in fairy tales; animal companions in animation
  • Species dysphoria as a metaphor for gender dysphoria and the trans experience
  • Animal narratives that mirror human stories (The Wind in the Willows, Redwall)
  • Animals as substitutes for children in children’s and YA fiction and film

We invite submissions from all fields that engage in this topic from a literary, cinematic, or art historical angle both in our own cultural moment and beyond it. While we welcome submissions that engage in all languages and literatures, please plan to deliver your paper in English.

Abstracts of no more than 300 words (excluding bibliography) should be sent to Margaret Day (day.491@buckeyemail.osu.edu) by April 5th. Please include your name, institutional affiliation, the title of your paper, and any special audio-visual needs in the body of your email.


[1] Derrida, Jaques. “The animal that therefore I am.” Critical Inquiry 28 (2002): 369–418, 377.

[2] Haraway, Donna. When Species Meet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006, 20. 

[3] Du Maurier, Daphne. “The Blue Lenses.” In The Breaking Point. New York: Doubleday, 1959.


Participants will consider the importance and the impact of the cultural and linguistic backgrounds of the English Language Learners in the context of English as a Second Language teaching and learning. They may also explore the issue of sociolinguistic and/or sociopragmatic competence as it applies to the teaching of the culturally and linguistically diverse student population. Topics on first language acquisition, language acquisition and/or foreign language learning in general and/or Applied Linguistics in general are also welcome. Please send abstracts of 250 words to Kashama Mulumba (kmulamba@olivet.edu) by April 15th.


Topic: Open
We welcome papers that explore all aspects of the representation of food in literature, art, music, film, and culture.
Please send a 250-word abstract to Eloise Sureau, Butler University, esureau@butler.edu. Abstracts received by April 5th, 2019 will be ensured full consideration.

This year MMLA will look at the theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgangers.” There are many ways to look at this theme. One may identify the doppelganger as a character in a literary work. For instance, the main character of Michael Redhill’s Bellevue Square (2017) is obsessed with finding Ingrid Fox, her alleged double. Similarly, in Timothy Taylor’s The Rule of Stephens (2018), the protagonist encounters her doppelganger after experiencing a plane crash. One could even argue that the handmaid in Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale lives a “double” life – the one before Gilead and one during.

While one can look at the theme in the literal sense, one must also consider the cultural and linguistic duality that has formed Canadian literature. Historically, this duality arises out of the fact that both the French and English colonized Canada leading to  areas which spoke English and areas that spoke French. Since the 1980s, Canada's ethnic and cultural diversity have been openly reflected in its literature, with many of its most prominent writers focusing on ethnic minority identity, duality and cultural differences. In his 2009 article in The Globe and Mail, Ken McGoogan argued that one must not define Canadian literature by this hybrid duality but by “attitude and sensibility.”

This CFP asks presenters to take a broad approach to this theme and its connection to Canadian literature. Topics can include, but are not limited to:


  • Doubles, doppelgängers, twins, mirror images, reflections in world literature(s);
  • Identity, transcultural identity, transgender identity, psychology studies, cultural studies, literary criticism, gender studies;
  • Double-meanings (linguistics, semantics, multiple interpretations);
  • Duality of texts and parataxis
  • Double entendre: humor, jokes, dark humor, all aspects of laughter (laughter as a social construct, laughter as a cultural construct);
  • Literal/metaphorical; Transnational/ global/local
  • Translations and translators (translating double meaning, cross-cultural interpretation, choosing the right word, translating the word vs translating the idea);
  • Reproductions, mass productions, copies, reproducing the written word (printing press, mimeograph, electric pen, consumerism, capitalism).

Please send abstracts of 250 words to Ellen Feig at efeig@bergen.edu by April 15th.


CFP to be posted soon.

Not Just Amongst the Gothic: Doubles, Duality, and Doppelgangers in Children’s and Young Adult Literature

Doubles, duality, and doppelgangers are concepts found and addressed throughout children’s and young adult literature. While twins, such as those found in the series Sweet Valley High or The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel may overtly speak to doubling, other considerations, such as the “double-voiced discourse” of young adult literature that Mike Cadden explores in “The Irony of Narration in Young Adult Literature,” also speaks to the wide treatment doubling has received by scholars, critics, and authors of children’s and young adult literature. Children’s and young adult literature are of interest to audiences of children, adolescents, and adults alike. As Michael Cart notes in Young Adult Literature: From Romance to Realism, the young adult literature market is booming as “. . . is the role of adults as buyers of YA books” (Preface). The doppelganger is, likewise, prevalent in children’s and young adult literature, as illustrated in Sonya Hartnett’s Surrender, wherein Gabriel must look back upon his own life as presented through Finnigan, or the problematic idealization of norming and what might be as Steven Bruhm and Natasha Hurley explore in Curioser: On the Queerness of Children. We invite papers that explore all aspects of children’s and young adult literature, especially those that engage the conference theme of doubles, duality, and/or doppelgangers. Consideration may be given to audience, race, urban/rural place, technologies, body image, sexualities, disabilities, literacies, socioeconomics, immigration, rural/urban spaces, Chicago as “Second City,” posthumanism, regionalism, and any other critical issues in children’s and young adult literature from any period and genre. Panel proposals are also welcome. 

The MMLA conference will take place in Chicago, IL  November 14-17, 2019. Inquiries and/or abstracts of 250-300 words should be sent to Dr. Amberyl Malkovich at amalkovich@concord.edu by April 5, 2019. Please include your name, institutional affiliation, e-mail address, and paper title in your abstract.

The Comparative Literature section of the MMLA invites proposals for papers focusing on "Doubles," following this year's conference theme, "Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgängers." Proposals for papers engaging with the idea of doubles broadly understood as dualities, binaries, parallels, repetitions, adaptations or imitations, translations, and distortions, or with notions of resonances and echoes, copies and copying, appropriations, and plagiarism in literature, cinema, and the visual arts are all welcome. Please submit a short abstract, proposed paper title, and a brief bio to Ana Rodríguez Navas at arodrigueznavas@luc.edu by April 15, 2019.


"Doubles, Duality, Doppelgangers"

The Creative Writing I: Prose section of the Midwest Modern Language Association seeks proposals that connect to this year’s conference theme of “Doubles, Duality, Doppelgangers.”  We are particularly interested in presentations from writer-scholars whose work spans multiple areas of specialization or who straddle multiple roles in their professional journey. Specifically, what other roles do creative writers occupy and how do they come to occupy the space of creative writer? Presentations can also focus on the dual/multiple roles of the writer, the intersection of creative and academic work, as well as other approaches related to the theme. Presenters should expect to both read (for approximately 10 minutes) and discuss their work as it relates to the conference theme (10 minutes).

To submit your work for consideration, please send a 200-300 word abstract, a brief sample of prose (2-3 pages), and a brief bio to the section chair, Michele Willman (michele.willman@lrsc.edu), by April 15 2019. Include your name, professional affiliation, e-mail address, and paper title.

The Creative Writing II: Poetry section of the Midwest Modern Language Association seeks proposals from poets and poet-scholars who are excited to share their work that speaks to this year’s MMLA Conference theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers.” As poetry is often concerned with doubleness and multiplicity, there are many ways to approach this theme. Possible presentations may be built around: the transformative power of puns and wordplay; the contrast of multiple contexts within collage- and appropriation-based poetry; the subversive power of doublespeak; or the layering of multiple experiences, of identities and voices, of past and present; as well as any number of other approaches.

We welcome papers, poetry, and digital poetics projects, and are especially interested in critical-creative works that are socially conscious and politically engaged.

To submit your work for consideration, please send a 200-300-word abstract and a brief bio to the section chair, Ryan Clark (ryan.clark@waldorf.edu), by April 5th, 2019. Proposals of creative projects should include a brief sample (3-5 pages of poetry) along with the abstract. Include in your abstract your name, institutional affiliation, e-mail address, and paper title.

Double the Dickens: Counterparts and Multiples in the Works

            Victorian author Charles Dickens utilizes various devices facilitating comparison and comprehension throughout many of his novels, short stories, and other literary output. Most famously, Dickens employed doubling and doppelgängers in A Tale of Two Cities (1859) to demonstrate the ideological similarities and differences between not only look-alikes Charles Darnay and Sydney Carton, but the cities of London and Paris. In Uneven Developments (1988), Mary Poovey has revealed how in David Copperfield (1850), the hero’s instinctive dislike for Uriah Heep’s mock humility may indicate his own discomfort regarding their similar financial positions and goals for career advancement. Lookalikes and rivals abound in Our Mutual Friend (1865), Dickens’s last completed novel of social transformation and boundless wealth, not limited to the lookalikes John Harmon and George Radfoot and romantic and class opponents Eugene Wrayburn and Bradley Headstone.

            To explore how and why Dickens’s writing invites such contrasts, the Dickens Society requests papers considering any aspect of duality, doubling, doppelgängers, fetches, the self and other, and rivalries, as appearing in either Dickens’s works or regarding the author’s own identity and history.

            Please submit a 250-word abstract and a 1-page CV to Lydia Craig at lcraig1@luc.edu by 5 April 2019.

Migrating Auras: Originals versus Facsimiles

The Digital Humanities section of the Midwest Modern Language Association is accepting proposals for scholarly presentations that address the interventions involved in preparing texts and images for computer-assisted analysis. We invite proposals that discuss methods of  interpreting, analyzing, translating, creating, disseminating, and/or teaching literary and scholarly works using computation. Papers that address the history of the book and evolving models of reading “books” are welcome. The MMLA conference will take place in Chicago, Illinois, November 14-17, 2019.

Please send a 200-300-word abstract and a brief bio to Melinda Weinstein (mweinstei@ltu.edu), by April 19th, 2019. Include in your abstract your name, institutional affiliation, e-mail address and paper title.

This panel seeks essays on the nature of the double and duality in drama. Perhaps felt more poignantly than any other genre, the issue of doubling cannot be escaped during a performance. Whether it is a foil, an other, or doppelganger on stage, or, the tension that exists between actor and character, or, the revival of a production and its comparison to a more “authentic” or “original” version of a play, drama reveals itself to be inherently dependent on doubling. Please submit 150-200 word abstracts by April 30, 2019, to Dr. Matthew Bowman at studytennessee@gmail.com.

The English I permanent section seeks proposals that intersect with the 2019 MMLA theme of “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgangers.” This is a capacious theme that resonates in literature and culture in the time period that is the focus of this section.

Some potential starting points might include the following:

  • Twins in drama
  • Actor/character dual identities
  • The (homo)erotics of doubling
  • Doubled narrative perspectives
  • Dual or conflicted motivations
  • Doubled literary sources
  • Dual, competing interpretations
  • Mistaken identities
  • Oppositional binaries

Please send a 250-word abstract and a short biography to sean.levenson@my.tccd.edu by April 15, 2019


In his justly famous essay, “The Uncanny” (1919), Sigmund Freud enters the aesthetic realm of the gothic by interrogating the unsettling experience of “the uncanny,” which, in its decisively strange and ambiguous familiarity, renders reality and experience as slightly abnormal, not quite right, though eerily recognizable. As such, the uncanny poses an epistemological problem of knowledge, knowing, memory and perspective; and thus, it is always, more or less, disquieting —if not the source of anxiety and fear. In keeping with the theme of this year’s conference, this session will focus on the significance between doubles, doubling, repetition, and the uncanny in nineteenth century British Literature.

Please send a 500 word abstract and a brief C.V., on or before April 15, to Dr. Kevin Swafford at swafford@bradley.edu

This section invites papers that explore the theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” that run through English literature and culture after 1900. This section encourages dialogues from a wide range of disciplines. Papers that discuss any form of duality and doubles—whether physical, emotional, psychological, or cognitive—are welcomed, including (but not limited to) alter-egos, doppelgängers, siblings, twins, mirror images, reflections, ghosts, archenemies, and evils. Papers that explore the relationship between a detective figure (the pursuer) and a criminal (the pursued) are most welcome.

Please submit a 250-word abstract with your paper title and a brief bio to Soohyun Cho at chosooh1@msu.edu by April 15, 2019.


This panel welcomes a wide range of proposals for scholarly presentations that seek to apply this year’s MMLA conference theme—“Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers”—to literary, artistic or cultural portrayals of “the body”.

Topics may include, but are by no means limited to:

  • the clothed, veiled, or hidden body
  • the exposed or objectified body
  • the fetishized body
  • cyborgs, androids, or the post-human body
  • monsters
  • corpses
  • marked bodies
  • marketed bodies
  • damaged bodies
  • adapted or altered bodies
  • performed or staged bodies
  • fragmented bodies or body parts
  • the constructed body
  • the fabricated body
  • queer bodies
  • racialized bodies
  • labelled bodies
  • uncontainable bodies

Please send a 250-word abstract and one-page CV or bio by April 19 to Tamara Slankard: tslankard@bakeru.edu.

2019 CFP coming soon!

“Doubled Pleasure”: Adaptation on Film and Television

The Film I permanent section panel invites papers on the topic of adaptation on film and television with an emphasis on the conference theme, “Doubles, Duality, and Doppelgangers.” According to Linda Hutcheon, adaptations create “doubled pleasure” for audiences because “more than one text is experienced – and knowingly so” (A Theory of Adaptation 116). This panel seeks papers concerned with “doubleness” in adaptation and focused on adapted works on film, television, and/or streaming services such as Hulu and Netflix from any era. For consideration, please send a CV and 250-word abstract with a proposed paper title to jhayes@semo.edu by April 5. 

We welcome proposals that explore innovate pedagogical methods for teaching contemporary film or documentaries. We are interested in how teaching collaborations across disciplines can lead to new dialogues and teaching methods or instruction. How does film pedagogy in collaboration with colleagues in other disciplines take shape and come to fruition in the classroom? These collaborations can be but are not limited to gender studies, African American studies, Latin American, Latino,  Mexican or Central American studies, sociology, anthropology, biology, art, psychology, history, political science, or philosophy. Proposals exploring this year’s conference theme “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” in relation to language, border/hybrid identities, transnational spaces, and the immigrant experience will be given special consideration. All papers following the conference topics are welcome, including but not limited to the following themes:

  • Duality, doubles and travel
  • Language, translation, bilingualism
  • History and duality
  • Indigenous cultures
  • Religious discourses
  • Toxic nationalism
  • Feminisms
  • Border studies
  • Queer studies
  • Transcultural identities
  • Postcolonial studies
  • Cultural studies

Please send proposals of 250 words by April 15, 2019 to Julio Enríquez-Ornelas, jenriquezornelas@millikin.edu. Participants are welcome to propose papers either in English or Spanish. 

The permanent session on Global Cinema seeks papers that address any aspect of the conference theme of "Duality, Doubles, and Dopplegangers."  We have two wider topic areas around this broader theme.  Please feel free to send abstracts for one or both topics:

(1) Cinemas of Hybrid Cultures: These would include cinemas from any country which cross borders and borrow from two or more cultures to create a new hybrid cinematic mix.  Some examples could be films that explore dual identities, double consciousness, and twin identities.    

(2) Black Films Matter: Analyses of any aspect of African, African American and/or films from any part of the African Diaspora that explore and empower Black identities and address cultural connections between African diasporic communities, postcolonial, racial, and globalization issues. 

Please email abstracts to:  Khani Begum  khani@bgsu.edu


From the trial of Marie/Marin le Marcis (1601) to the esthetics of the monstrueux in Pantagruel (1532) and Phèdre (1677) to the shifting literary optic of Jacques le Fataliste et son maître (1796), questions of hybridity, duality, and paradox have remained central to development of the Early Modern literary canon and its related philosophical principles. In keeping with this year’s MMLA convention theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers”, papers investigating the complex relationship between the notions of duality, plurality and hybridity will be of particular interest. Possible topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Esthetics of literary representation and the interrelationship of image and event
  • (Meta)Physical hybridity, duality, and plurality
  • Philosophical optics of folklore and mythology
  • Liminality between occultism, science and religion

While this panel specifically solicits proposals relating to Early Modern French literature and philosophy, papers extending back through to the Middle Ages are also welcome.

Please submit a 300-word abstract and short biography to Eric Wistrom at wistrom@wisc.edu by April 15, 2019.

The French II Post Ancien Régime permanent section panel seeks papers on French or francophone literary works and authors from the 19th to 21st centuries that explore this year’s MMLA convention theme “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers.” It will especially welcome proposals that focus on works and writers who variously explored the many figures of the double, from its emergence in 19th- century French prose to more recent fictional and autobiographical works in French and francophone literatures.

Possible topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Duality or doubling within modernist or postmodernist traditions;
  • The author and his/her doubles;
  • The literary representation of minority cultures in France or French-speaking countries;
  • Modernist works that engage with the philosophical or psychoanalytic approach to literature;
  • Aesthetics of literary representation;
  • Works that engage issues of race, class, gender, and sexuality.

Send an abstract of 300 words to Sylvie Goutas at sgoutas@uchicago.edu by April 15th for consideration. Please include a short biography.

La dualité à la française

« Par la vérité de Dieu, ainsi vont les choses, ainsi va le monde : toute chose est double. »
-Frère d’âme, David Diop

We are seeking papers that examine any aspect of French and Francophone culture, with a particular focus on scholarly research that examines interdisciplinary study (popular culture, literature, film, art, etc.) of the conference theme of “doubles, duality, doppelgängers.”

250-500 word abstracts should be emailed to the panel chair, Scott Sheridan, at sheridan@iwu.edu by April 19, 2019.

Binary, non-binary, and fluid

This year’s theme of doubles and duality invites explorations of literary and other creative media that question and embrace new notions of gender as binary, non-binary and fluid. Gender as a construct is especially prominent in 20th and 21st century texts, where characters explore and sometimes refuse to be defined by gender. What new conversations about gender can we engage when authors provide us with explorations such as Orlando, Middlesex, or Hedwig’s Angry Inch? What pressure is exerted on historical constructs of gender and sexuality when, for example, an author like Rick Reardon creates a significant role for gender fluid Alex Fierro in his Nordic saga? Paper proposals should explore modern definitions of gender alongside the subtexts of historical context and values that provide guidance to successful theories for embracing non-binary, yet very human, beings.

Organized by Marta Wilkinson, Wilmington College

Send questions and proposals of 250 words and a CV to: marta_wilkinson@wilmington.edu by April 15th for consideration.

Doppelgänger in German Literature and Culture


German literature is home to the Doppelgänger. From its literary introduction in the late eighteenth-century to its uncanny fin-de-siècle return a century later, the double was destined for the silver screen and has been the subject of countless interpretations, adaptations, and theoretical analyses. The German Literature and Culture section of the Midwest Modern Language Association invites submissions for the 2019 MMLA meeting (Chicago, November 14-17, 2019) dealing with the figure of the Doppelgänger. Please submit a 250-word abstract with proposed paper title and brief bio to William Carter at wcarter@iastate.edu by April 15, 2019.

Topic: Open

We are seeking papers which deal with the literary texts and lives of German-speaking women writers from any period and in any genre. Papers that engage with the Convention theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” are especially welcome.

Possible topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Doubles, doppelgängers, twins, mirror images, reflections in literature by German Women Writers
  • Identity as women
  • Transgender identity 
  • Transcultural, transnational identities
  • Double-meanings (linguistics, semantics, multiple interpretations)
  • Duality of texts and parataxis
  • Dualities in class and society
  • East/West Germany
  • Dual citizenship
  • Pen names and authorial identity
  • Writing as a secondary profession
  • Double entendre: humor, jokes, dark humor, all aspects of laughter
  • Literal/metaphorical
  • Dualities of womanhood
  • Dualities of form
  • Adaptations
  • Issues of feminism and womanism

Please submit 250-word abstracts and a 50-word bio as email attachments to Bethany Morgan bethanymorgan@wustl.edu by April 5th, 2019. Papers may be in either English or German. 

The Henry James Society seeks proposals on the conference theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgänger” as it relates to the life and/or works of Henry James. 

Topics could include, but are by no means limited to:

  • Doubles, doppelgängers, brothers, twins, mirror images, hauntings
  • Identity, transcultural identity, psychology studies, cultural studies, literary criticism, gender studies
  • Film and operatic adaptations of James’s fictions
  • Duality in pedagogy, doubles in the classroom (the professor’s persona, teaching Gothic and other generic doubles and duplicities, the student-teacher relationship/dichotomy, teaching with various methods, digital teaching, hybrid and on-line teaching vs face-to-face; the use of avatars)
  • Double-meanings (linguistics, semantics, multiple interpretations)
  • Duality of texts and parataxis
  • Double entendre: humor, jokes, dark humor, all aspects of laughter (laughter as a social construct, laughter as a cultural construct)
  • Translations and translators (translating double meaning, cross-cultural interpretation, choosing the right word, translating the word vs translating the idea)
  • Reproductions, mass productions, copies, reproducing the written word (printing press, typewriter, consumerism, capitalism)

Please submit proposals of 200-500 words by APRIL 15 to the panel organizer, Professor Beverly Haviland at Beverly_Haviland @brown.edu

This year’s conference theme, “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” recalls Horace’s famous aesthetic formulation, “Ut picture poesis” or “As is painting so is poetry” (Ars Poetica 361-5). The 2019 Illustrated Texts panel welcomes papers as well as innovative, illustrative presentations that interrogate the reflective nature of words to their visual counterparts, their illustrated doubles, doppelgängers, twins, mirrors, and simulations. This year’s panel also welcomes papers and presentations that critically question illustration’s ability to “double” its text – when, for instance, do illustrations fail to double its corresponding text and instead, exist only as its fleeting apparition, or “Doppelgänger?” 

For this panel, “Illustrated” can refer to any image, figure, diagram, visualization, graph, infographic, table, and/or map that represents “text” in traditional, analog media, digital, or experiential forms. Types of “Illustrated Texts” to consider are Illuminated Bibles, alchemical tracts, emblem books, books of hours, and scientific texts, illustrated poetry and novels. Proposals that interrogate the illustrated nature of periodicals, journals, newspapers, cartoons, graphic novels, websites, video games, as well as advertising are also very welcome.

We look forward to exploring the pictorial elements that interpret, critique, subvert, amplify, or otherwise “double” the text they illustrate. Please send abstracts of 250 words by April 15, 2019 to Christopher Martiniano christophermartiniano@luc.edu  We look forward to reading your proposals.

Topic: Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers

We welcome papers that explore Francophone Studies in light of the MMLA 2019 conference theme Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers. Proposals dealing specifically with the conference theme will be given preferential consideration.

Participants are welcome to propose papers either in French or in English. 

Please send a 250-word abstract to Eloise Sureau, Butler University, esureau@butler.edu. Abstracts received by April 5th, 2019 will be ensured full consideration.

(Re)Pinter: Riffs, Recreations, and Reproductions


Harold Pinter's poetry, drama, fiction, creative non-fiction, political non-fiction, and screenwriting engage in various creative and critical modalities, both drawing from and influencing the work of other artists and creative writers.   To celebrate the mutiple-modality of Pinter's influences and legacy, The International Harold Pinter Society invites creative presentations, including poetry, short plays, monologues, short fiction, film, images, enactive presentations, imaginative production design concepts, and other playful alternatives to the standard conference paper. Works should in some way respond to, riff on, or register the Pinteresque in more or less attenuated ways. Please send a brief sample of the work to be presented--a selection of images, a discursive description, sample dialogue, or excerpts, to ann.hall@louisville.edu by April 15th, 2019, as well as a one-paragraph explanation of the way proposed work connects to Pinter.  Please also indicate what (modest) production/presentation and logistic needs you may require, including AV and additional readers. Please include a title, CV, and contact information.

The International T.S. Eliot Society is accepting proposals for a panel at the 2019 Midwest MLA conference in Chicago, to be held November 14-17, 2019. Any proposal on a subject reasonably related to Eliot studies will be considered. If you are interested in participating, please send abstract proposals (up to 250 words) to Professor Edward Upton (edward.upton@valpo.edu). Please also forward a CV or a brief biographical statement. Submissions must be received no later than May 15, 2019. For more information on MMLA 2019, please go to www.luc.edu/mmla/convention/

 —I am a servant of two masters, Stephen said, an English and an Italian.

—Italian? Haines said.
     A crazy queen, old and jealous. Kneel down before me.
—And a third, Stephen said, there is who wants me for odd jobs.
—Italian? Haines said again. What do you mean?
—The imperial British state, Stephen answered, his colour rising, and the holy Roman catholic and apostolic church.
     Haines detached from his underlip some fibres of tobacco before he spoke.
—I can quite understand that, he said calmly. An Irishman must think like that, I daresay. We feel in England that we have treated you rather unfairly. It seems history is to blame.

~James Joyce, Ulysses (1922)


“It says a great deal for the power which Ireland has .  .  . to lay their hands upon the vital strings of British life and politics, and to hold, dominate, and convulse, year after year, generation after generation, the politics of this powerful country.”

 ~Winston Churchill, Irish Free State Bill, 16 February, 1922


To-day it’s my language that’s in its throes,

The poets’ passion, my mothers’ fathers’

Mothers’ language, abandoned and trapped

On a fatal ledge that we won’t attempt.

 ~Cathal Ó Searchaigh, “Lament (in memory of my Mother)”


In keeping with the MMLA conference theme, the Irish Studies permanent section welcomes proposals that address works and writers who variously explore “duality, doubles and doppelgängers.” From the emergence of Irish Gothic fiction in the late eighteenth century to Bram Stoker’s Dracula to Anne Enright’s What are You Like? Irish literature instantiates a vast range of doubles and doubling to explore uncanny and often disturbing fears and longings. Given Ireland’s history of conquest and colonization, Irish writing is, despite its unique national and linguistic characteristics, inevitably intertwined with English literature. That hybridity has of course been the source of endless cultural tension. Seamus Deane for example has described writing from Northern Ireland as existing in a “double post-colonial condition,” being viewed as not British enough, not Irish enough. Indeed the extent to which political and ethnic identities—Irish and Northern Irish, Irish and British—continue to be measured against one another, often creating a sense of doubled identity within and across historically defined and policed borders, betrays the deep seriousness of politically constituted geographical boundaries.

This panel welcomes proposals from emerging and established academic scholars working in the humanities or cultural media, educators, artists, and activists. Topics may include, but are by no means limited to:

  • Irish Gothic fiction
  • The Irish Literary Revival
  • Irish Modernism
  • Representations of the War of Independence and the Civil War of the 1920s
  • The postcolonial dimensions of Irish literature
  • Constructions of Irish national identity in opposition to colonial England
  • Exile and the Irish writer
  • Cultural tensions in Irish writing in relation to land, religion, nationality, and/or language
  • Ulster identity and Irish historiography
  • Provincialism and cosmopolitanism
  • The “Irishness” of Anglo-Irish literature where, as the Irish nationalist writer Daniel Corkery has remarked, “the Ascendancy mind is not the same as the English mind”
  • The Irish writer caught between literary traditions and languages
  • Emigration and the Irish diaspora
  • Contemporary Irish writing and postmodernism
  • Readings of the past in contemporary Irish literature
  • The “Troubles” in contemporary Irish writing
  • Partitionist “mentalities”—North and South, Unionist and Nationalist, Anglo-Irish and Gael, Protestant and Catholic
  • Irish writing of the “Celtic Tiger” years, and beyond
  • Irish Writing in the age of Brexit

Please submit a brief abstract (100-200 words) and presentation title along with your full name, institutional affiliation (if applicable), and contact details to session chair Dr. Desmond Harding (hardi1d@cmich.edu) by April 15, 2019.  

We welcome individual and panel proposals that explore Italian Literature, Film, and Culture in the context of this year’s conference theme “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers”. Proposals exploring issues related to duality, identity, transcultural identity, and transnationality in Italian literature, film, art and culture from any time period will be given special consideration. Papers on any aspect of the conference topic are welcome, including but not limited to the following themes:

  • Transnational identity: Italy’s minorities’ literary and film production
  • Pirandello’s characters’ duality: A strategy to resist the modern?
  • Italian-American literary production
  • Italian Politics: Italian Vice-Prime Minister’s doubling
  • Migration films and the doubling of a nation: who leaves and who stays behind
  • Italian feminism and transfeminism
  • Duality in Italian art
  • Queer identity in Italy

Please send proposals of 250 words by April 19, 2019 to Giordana Poggioli-Kaftan, giordana.kaftan@marquette.edu. Participants are welcome to propose papers either in Italian, or in English. 

CFP coming soon!

During a recent interview in the Roda Viva show (TV Cultura), Brazilian Minister of Environment Ricardo Salles was asked by the show’s anchor—Ricardo Lessa—about his opinion regarding the murdered environmentalist leader Chico Mendes (1944-1988). Salles replied that he did not know Mendes, thus he had nothing to comment, but upon further questioning by the anchor, Salles suggested Mendes had been glorified by left-wing environment leaders, not by “pessoas que são do agro” (individuals connected to the agricultural world). The comments by the Brazilian minister sparked intense reactions throughout Brazil, but above all, they nurtured a schism between farmers and environmental leaders, and more broadly, they deepened tensions regarding the current regime’s propositions towards lax environmental laws. Considering the recent mining disaster at Brumadinho (Minas Gerais), and Brazil’s administration of a significant amount of the Amazon, the stakes are high to analyze the role of various communities in the production of sustainable practices about the environment, and the impact of the state in the protection and exploitation of the environment.

            This panel seeks papers that will engage with environmental criticism from various mediums (film, music, literature, poetry, performances, theatre, visual art), and from any time period. We are interested in how discourses about nature and the environment have been constructed, contested, and sustained across the Lusophone world. Ranging from Mike Silver’s (2018) analysis of the wax produced by carnauba palm trees in Ceará and its impact in 78rpm records, to the “Transatlantic Sertões” (2017) analyzed by Victoria Saramago Troianowski, eco-criticism and environmental studies   in Lusophone studies have enjoyed a fantastic surge over the last 20 years. This CFP seeks proposals that will keep exploring the environment, the Anthropocene, and the post-human in various methodological propositions across the Lusophone world and Latin America. Papers accepted in Portuguese, Spanish, and English. 

            Send abstracts of 250 words to jsuare2@illinois.edu and melissa.schindler@ung.edu no later than April 15, 2019.

Duality & Doubles in Margaret Atwood

This panel seeks to explore the complexity of Atwood’s characters and works through the lens of the MMLA’s theme for 2019: “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgängers.” Papers may discuss the dual identities of Offred and the others in The Handmaid’s Tale (the names the women used to go by and the people the women used to be—and in many cases, still are), the importance of mirrors in various works by Atwood, the two narrative points of view in The Edible Woman, or the various other characters in Atwood’s works who have a double character or nature. Papers may discuss the Hulu series based on The Handmaid’s Tale, but preference will be given to papers that focus on one or more written works by Margaret Atwood.

Abstracts should be sent to panel chair, Denise Du Vernay, dduvernay@luc.edu, by April 15. 

Re-reading Remakes, Reboots, and Readaptations

This permanent section organized by the Marxist Literary Group seeks to examine the economics, politics, and aesthetics of remakes, reboots, and readaptations in film, television, and literature.  In 2019 alone, there are over twenty films being released that are remakes, reboots, or readaptations. These films range from Disney’s live-action remakes of Dumbo, Aladdin, and The Lion King to the second chapter of the readaptation of Stephen King’s IT and a reboot of the Child’s Play franchise. Why are these types of films so popular? More specifically, why is there an increasing market for such films and television shows? Is it a purely economic ploy to capitalize on already existing fandoms or on the power of nostalgia? Is there an aesthetic component in which a change in medium (mini-series to feature film, for example) or advancements in technology and special effects demand that a story be retold? How does retelling a story in our current moment, as opposed to when the original was published, released, or aired, affect the political and social impact of that story?

In order to begin to answer these questions and more we seek papers that engage with the political, social, aesthetic, and economic impact of remakes, reboots, and readaptiations. 

Topics may include, but are by no means limited to:

  • Role of aesthetics and/or technology in remakes
  • Retroactive continuity in reboots
  • Race and gender in remakes
  • Role of metafiction
  • Role of the source text in readaptations
  • Remakes across mediums (TV to film, film to TV, literature to film and/or TV, etc.)
  • Historicizing remakes, reboots, and readaptations and their originals
  • Questions of genre and why some (horror, sci fi, superhero) and more likely to be remade than others
  • Politics and economics of international remakes
  • Nostalgia and generational divides

Please send an abstract of no more than 250 words and a brief bio to Melissa Macero (mmacer2@uic.edu) by April 20, 2019. 

In keeping with the MMLA conference theme, “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgängers,” the Midwest Victorian Studies Association panel welcomes proposals that explore myriad examples of duality and doubling in 19th century Britain.

Possible topics include but are not limited to:

  • Dualities or binaries that shaped culture and history
    • Separate spheres ideology and the public/private divide
    • Issues of gender, age, religion, sexuality, and/or other aspects of identity or forms of marginalization
    • Class divisions between rich and poor or new and old money
    • Issues of race divisions or multicultural/hybrid identities
    • Colonialist impulses and colonizing work and/or resistance
  • Doubles/Doubling
    • Cultivating taste, behavior, manners, etc.
    • Education
    • Colonizing the Empire
    • Reproductions in the arts and sciences
    • Historical and cultural echoes (i.e., the Victorian Cult of Medievalism)
  • Doppelgängers
    • Authors and pseudonyms
    • Alliances
    • Republications, retellings, and reproductions

We welcome papers about diverse genres and media and would particularly encourage proposals with significant interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary engagement, highlighting varied aspects of nineteenth-century British history, literature, and culture.

The deadline for proposals is April 5, 2019.

Please submit a 250-word abstract and a 1-page vita (as Microsoft Word documents) for consideration to Gretchen M. Frank at mvsaatmmla@gmail.com

The Modern Literature panel seeks papers on works and authors from the 20th and 21st centuries, with priority given to papers that engage with modernism as a discrete cultural moment or set of literary practices. Papers should explore the conference theme “

Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers.” Creative interpretations of the theme are welcome, but possible topics include:

  • Explorations of moments of duality or doubling within regional or transnational modernist traditions.
  • Works that engage issues of race, class, gender, sexuality, and ethnicity in or outside of their cultural contexts.
  • Modernist works that address the relationship of translation and double meaning through their content, formal features, or both.
  • Modernist works that engage with the Freudian notion of doubling and the Uncanny.

Please send 250-word abstracts to the section chair by April 5, 2019.

Section Chair: Xiamara Hohman, Loyola University Chicago, xhohman@luc.edu

Section Secretary: Wren Romero, Loyola University Chicago, lcraig3@luc.edu

“Multicultural Literature in the Windy City”


This year’s MMLA conference theme of “Duality, Doubles, and Dopplegängers” offers a wealth of possibilities to explore the complex relationships that minority and immigrant communities have within the larger culture of the United States, as well as the ways in which literary texts communicate the realities of their experiences to a wider audience, particularly when they are introduced in the classroom.  With this in mind, the Multicultural Literature in the Classroom section seeks papers that explore the often conflicted relationships that minorities and immigrants have with the communities around them, as well as the ways in which minority and immigrant populations enrich and strengthen the communities of which they are apart, even as they strive to maintain their own cultural identities in the face of increasing pressure to assimilate.  Given Chicago’s rich literary heritage, explorations of texts set in the Windy City or written by writers associated with this dynamic American urban center are especially welcome.


Please submit 250-word abstracts (including paper titles) and abbreviated CVs to Dr. Christina Triezenberg, at triezenbergc@morningside.edu , by April 19th.


For additional CFPs and information about the Midwest MLA conference itself, please visit https://www.luc.edu/mmla/convention/callforpapers/.


The Permanent Section on Native American Literature seeks proposals exploring the conference theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” in any genre of works by Native American authors of any historical period. Possible topics may include analyses of dual texts, doubled characters, transcultural identity, translation, reproduction, or narrative or poetic appropriation. Please send proposals of 200-300 words by April 19 to the panel chair, Dr. Kate Beutel, at kbeutel@lourdes.edu.

“Medieval Merging of Old and New Knowledge and Practice”

The coexistence in practice though not always in name of sometimes very different knowledges is both an ancient and modern concern. The Middle Ages saw the development of the concept of translatio studii alongside a growing interest in translation from other languages and cultures, both ancient and contemporary. At its core, translatio studii is the absorption of knowledge or practice from one culture into another, resulting in a text or practice that presents itself as part of the dominant culture, but retains something of its origins as well. The coexistence of both the original and the adopted/adapted form in terms of creating new meaning, covering old meaning, or a balance between the two sources lends itself well to the theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers”.

This panel seeks any papers that concentrate on Old or Middle English languages and cultures, but would particularly welcome those which explore, in the spirit of translatio studii, instances in which one language, culture, or individual adopts knowledge, narrative, or practice from another as their own. Examples include but are not limited Christian and pagan, conqueror and native, hand written and type face, and literary borrowing across time and geography both cited and (more frequently) uncited.     

Please send abstracts of approximately 350 words, along with a CV or brief biographical statement, to Dr. Kathleen Burt at katheen.burt@mga.edu by no later than April 19, 2019.

The Midwest Modern Language Association welcomes, especially but not exclusively, proposals dealing with every aspect of the theme “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” for the 2019 conference in Chicago, Illinois. A general description of this theme can be found here.

Our permanent panel will explore this theme in the context of peace studies, literature, and pedagogy. The list of topics provided by MMLA is a good starting point for us as well, for the intersection between peace studies, literature, and pedagogy opens many lines of inquiry. Here are some others:

  • the role of the writer/teacher/student in society
  • teaching and active citizenship
  • satire as a tool of resistance/change/revolution
  • protest literature and the literature of protest
  • the place of liberal arts education in contemporary society
  • the co-opting of art and social advocacy by dominant cultural institutions
  • the literature of witness
  • environmental literature and criticism
  • gender and LGBTQ studies
  • identity and cultural power
  • feminism and womanism
  • shifting literacies and modes of production
  • disability studies
  • pop culture in the college classroom
  • free speech and states of exception
  • the public intellectual
  • online rhetoric and cultural participation
  • truth, fiction, and poetic license

We encourage submission on any of these topics or others that promote discussion of (a) peaceful conflict resolution, (b) literature about peace or its absence, and (c) pedagogical concerns related to peace studies. We are especially interested in proposals that explore the intersection of all three. Please submit a Word document, electronically via email attachment, containing a 250-word abstract, your name, institution, email information, and paper title to Dr. Matthew Horton (matthew.horton@ung.edu) by April 19, 2019.

Chair: Dr. Matthew Horton (matthew.horton@ung.edu), University of North Georgia.

Secretary: Dr. Laura Ng (laura.ng@ung.edu), University of North Georgia.

In consideration of this year’s MMLA convention theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers,” this panel will explore doubling in popular culture through adaptation. Popular culture abounds with adaptations of all sorts, from Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton, Marvel’s Avengers blockbusters, fanworks on Tumblr and Archive of Our Own, and Saturday Night Live skits. Submissions are encouraged to consider the stigma and devaluation of some forms of adaptation. As Robert Stam writes in “Beyond Fidelity: The Dialogics of Adaptation,” film adaptations of novels are often described in negative terms, and fan studies as a field is well aware of the common depiction of fanworks as lesser forms of established texts. This panel invites you to explore the relationships between “original” texts and adaptations while blurring the often sharply-drawn distinctions between the two.

Topics may include (but are not limited to):

-adaptation across media, genres, and languages

-fanfiction and cosplay

-parody and satire in popular culture

-adaptation of real life into fiction

-internet memes

-videogame modding

Please send proposals of 250 words and a brief bio to Danielle Hart at hartdm2@miamioh.edu no later than April 15th.

From Socrates to St. Paul, from Cervantes to Oscar Wilde, from Bonhoeffer to Malcolm X, imprisonment marks the lives of literary and cultural figures throughout history. As the United States currently incarcerates a greater percentage of its population than any other nation, the most authoritative witnesses to this crisis are prisoners themselves. Therefore, this session seeks papers that examine the production, teaching, study, and performance of literature within historical and contemporary carceral institutions.  We also welcome studies of fictional accounts of imprisonment and preference will be given to proposals that engage the convention theme "Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers" Please send abstracts to William Andrews at wandrews@ctschicago.edu by April 19th, 2019.

2019 CFP coming soon!

Sacred texts and folklore are filled with stories of twins, doubles and doppelgängers, struggling with one another for control of their worlds, and writers have continued to borrow, adapt, appropriate those themes and characters to tell the stories of their own times.

Because the subject of Religion and Literature covers all genres, subgenres, regions, religions and folklore we welcome proposals that address works and writers who explore any aspect of “Doubles, Duality and Doppelgängers,” this year’s conference theme. As this year’s theme is as broad as this section’s mandate to study the intersections of religion, folklore and literature, those aspiring to be on the panel should feel empowered to offer proposals that interpret these concepts rather loosely. However, proposals may also consider, but are not limited to: mirroring, binaries, good/evil, plurality, masks, twins, adaptation, appropriation, pastiche, translation, double entendre and, of course, doubles, duality and doppelgängers. 

Please send 250-word abstracts with paper title to Dr. Seth Johnson at swjohnson3@ua.edu, no later than April 15th, 2019.

Duality and Manuscript Evidence

The Research Group on Manuscript Evidence, in keeping with the MMLA conference’s theme of “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgängers,” is sponsoring panels on duality in manuscripts, broadly conceived. Possible senses of duality include, strictly by way of example, textual variants, recensions, and copies; it also includes more figurative senses of duality like the dialectic between text and marginal glosses. We invite all approaches— including hermeneutical, textual, art historical, codicological, and paleographical—as well as all time periods. Despite the RGME’s medieval focus, all proposals that consider the material evidence contained in handwritten documents are warmly welcomed. 

Interested panelists should send brief abstracts of no more than 300 words to jhastings@luc.edu by Monday, 19 April 2019.

Taking up the MMLA conference theme, “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgängers,” the panel for Science and Fiction seeks proposals engaging the presence of the double in fiction inflected or inspired by science, medicine, or technology; the fields’ theories or methods; or their practitioners. Oftentimes, the double is associated with the horror genre and presented as emblematic of Freud’s ideas about the uncanny, or the unheimlich (unhomely is the literal translation). The term describes the feeling of unease or fear one gets from experiencing something familiar turned uncomfortably strange. Fred Botting, however, notes that horror and science fiction each “give form to a sense of otherness” (Botting, 2008, 131). Thus from aliens, cyborgs, holograms, time-travelers,  or clones, to scientific experiments like Frankenstein’s monster or Dr. Jekyll’s blunder, Mr. Hyde, science fiction is riddled with moments of duality, doubles, or doppelgängers—someone, or something, that is upsettingly like the self and yet threateningly other. Within science and speculative fiction, as Jeffrey Cohen explains in “Monster Culture,” the monstrous other might figure “as a warning against exploration” as “curiosity is more often punished than rewarded” (Cohen, 12). Submissions may focus on science fiction or depictions of the scientist specifically but are not required to do so. Possible topics include but are not limited to:

  • The double as it is depicted in science fiction vs horror or other related “transgressive” genres or mediums, such as, graphic novels, comic books, videogames, or digital media
  • “The return of the repressed,” memory, repetition, and time travel
  • Sexuality and the unfamiliar as threatening to heteronormativity
  • The imagined otherness of women, the working class, race, other ideologies, and departures from other supposed cultural or societal norms
  • How science, or its theories and practices, influenced a period’s fiction (literary, cinematic, etc.) and its exploration of the self vs other
  • The vibrant interplay between or discourses surrounding the fields of science and literature
  • Other stock characters of genre fiction utilizing doubles, such as the mad scientist, greedy capitalist, or intrepid explorer
  • Cinematic adaptations of science or speculative fiction as doubles of their literary originals
  • Clones, cyborgs, and robots and their creator’s ethical culpability/responsibility for their existence
  • Space exploration/human colonies and the alien as racialized or gendered other
  • Fictional renderings of labs or clinics
  • The vacuum of space, other voids, or empty, post-apocalyptic cities as uncanny


The deadline for proposals is April 19, 2019. Please submit as email attachments (Microsoft Word) a 250-word abstract and a 1-page CV for consideration to Michelle Mastro at mmastro@indiana.edu

The “Shakespeare and Shakespearean Criticism” permanent section of the 2019 Midwest Modern Language Association invites proposals that engage with this year’s conference theme of “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgangers.” Scholarship that explores issues of duality in Shakespeare’s literature, and in early modern culture broadly, from myriad perspectives will be considered.

Exploring doubling in Shakespeare’s works might begin with attention to any of the following list of topics:

  • Duality of texts and paratexts
  • Double-meanings (linguistics, semantics, multiple interpretations)
  • Double entendre
  • Twins, doubles in drama
  • Doubled literary sources
  • Perceived identities; dual identities of a character or actor/character
  • Oppositional binaries
  • Duality in pedagogy
  • Translations and translators

Please send proposals consisting of a presentation abstract (250 words) and a narrative biography (150 words) to Emily L. Sharrett at esharrett@luc.edu by April 19, 2019.

Doubles, Duality, and Doppelgängers in Midwestern Literature

Submission Requirements; 250-word abstract and short CV. Contact Person information: Dr. Marilyn Judith Atlas, Professor, Ohio University: atlas@ohio.edu

Deadline for Submission: April 29, 2019.  

Description: Humor vs. darkness? Simulacrum versus real? Originals versus copies? Binaries versus third space? This session will deal with masks, layers, and how Midwestern writers use and understand form and character. Are writers who live and write about the interior of America grappling with different issues or grappling with them in different ways than those who live on the coasts?

CFP coming soon!

In line with the theme of this year’s conference “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” the Spanish Cultural Studies table is accepting papers that engage duality in Spanish literature, film, and cultural studies. We invite pieces that explore the duality of

  • individual identity (“twins, mirror images, transcultural identity, transgender identity”),
  • community or national identity (independence movements, political engagements, trans-Atlantic approaches)
  • the duality or plurality of the urban fabric (real space and reproduced spaces, the duality of cites, experiences in time and space),
  • reflections of protest (in cultural texts, in history, in practice),
  • reflections of criticism in pedagogy (or vice versa),
  • or any other interpretation on the theme.

Submissions are due by March 29th and should be sent to Dr. Susan Divine at divinesm@cofc.edu

The Spanish I (Peninsular Literature before 1700) permanent section of the Midwest Modern Language Association seeks proposals for the upcoming MMLA Conference in Chicago (November 14-17, 2019). Though proposals on any topic related to Medieval and Early Modern Spanish Literature are welcome, we also seek proposals that specifically engage with the 2019 MMLA theme of “Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgängers.” The conference theme includes, but is not limited to: dual identity, double meanings, double entendre, mirror images, reflections, binaries, parallels, repetitions, translations, imitations, adaptations, distortions, and echoes. Please submit a 250-word abstract and a brief bio (or brief CV) to John McCaw at rjmccaw@uwm.edu by April 15, 2019. Papers may be in Spanish or English.

Doubles, Duality, and Doppelgängers in Spanish literature, art, and culture after 1700

The Spanish II permanent section of the Midwest Modern Language Association invites papers that explore the theme of “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers” that run through Spanish literature, art, and culture after 1700. This section encourages dialogues from a wide range of disciplines. Proposals engaging with the idea of doubles broadly understood as dualities, binaries, parallels, repetitions, imitations, translations, and distortions, or with notions of resonances and echoes, copies and appropriations in fiction, sound, cinema, and the visual arts are welcomed. Papers that explore diasporic, sonic, or colonial relationship between Spain, Latin America, and Africa will be given special consideration. Please submit a 250-word abstract in English or Spanish, proposed paper title, and a brief bio to Andrea Perez Mukdsi at andrea.perezmukdsi@ung.edu by May 15, 2019.

We welcome individual and panel proposals that explore Latin American Literature and Culture and create space for a dialogue across disciplines and genres in the context of this year’s conference theme “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers”. Proposals exploring issues related to duality, identity, transcultural identity, and transnationality in Latin American literature from any time period will be given special consideration. Papers on any aspect of the conference topic are welcome, including but not limited to the following themes:


  • Doubles, doppelgängers, and duality in Latin American Literature
  • Postcolonial studies and duality
  • Race, gender and subalternity
  • Religious discourses and duality
  • Latin American nationalisms
  • Transatlantic Studies: Latin America/ Europe/Africa
  • Duality, doubles and travel writing
  • Minority cultures in Latin America
  • Transcultural identities in Latin America
  • Duality in Latin American art, music and painting
  • Queer identities in Latin America
  • Latin American feminisms and transfeminisms
  • Latin American cultural studies
  • Indigenous cultures in Latin America

Please send proposals of 250 words by April 14, 2019 to Michelle Medeiros, Michelle.medeiros@marquette.edu. Participants are welcome to propose papers either in Spanish, Portuguese, or in English. 

Literary Adaptations in French, German, and Spanish-Language Contexts

This panel invites contributions that explore the concept of literary adaptation by investigating literary texts, cultural objects, or films originally written or produced in French, German, or Spanish since 1900. Comparative contributions are also welcome.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

--adaptations of literature to film or film to literature

--the re-imagining of classic(al) characters or tropes for twentieth-century or contemporary texts

--the play on previous genres or styles, such as fairytales or the gothic, in twentieth-century or contemporary texts


--literary references in video games

--literary references in twentieth-century or contemporary visual or performing arts

Papers presented as a part of this panel will receive special consideration for publication in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal Studies in Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Literature.

Please send proposals of 300 words to Dr. Necia Chronister (nchroni@ksu.edu) by April 12, 2019.

Graphic narratives offer a wide variety of doubles and doppelgängers. Secret superhero identities and Gothic doubles create unique possibilities for exploring the self, power, perception, and the potential for other realities, while graphic narrative adaptations of a literary work highlight other ways of seeing and interacting with a text. Graphic narratives encompass worlds beyond fiction as well, with graphic memoirs and textbooks in a wide range of fields from rhetoric to literary theory, history, and science.

The Teaching Graphic Narratives permanent session of the MMLA is seeking proposals for the 2019 conference. Proposals should focus on pedagogical approaches to one (or more) specific graphic texts. Topics might include, but are not limited to:

  • Doubles and doppelgängers in graphic narratives, including the Gothic double, twins, superheroes, and secret identities
  • Parallel realties and alternate timelines in graphic narratives
  • Graphic narrative adaptations of classic or other literary works
  • Graphic narrative-format textbooks in disciplines beyond literature as a new way of “seeing” previously textual content (i.e. Elizabeth Losh and Jason Alexander’s graphic format textbook Understanding Rhetoric a traditional writing and rhetoric textbook)
  • Approaches and assignments that foreground critical comparison of graphic narratives to their film adaptations
  • Multiple ways of reading and responding to graphic narratives (i.e. critical analysis, students’ creation of their own graphic narratives, etc.)

Please send 250-300 word proposals to aburger@culver.edu by April 5th, 2019.

Teaching writing has always existed in the intersection of culture, identity and expression. Writing instructors encourage their students to attend to style, voice, and other aesthetic elements of their text. Writing instructors also encourage their students to think of their work as socially situated and able to effect change in the “real world” outside of the classroom.

In everyday life and culture, duality intertwines literature and art and provides commentary on the duality of human life and nature. The Teaching Writing in College section welcomes all submissions but is particularly interested in those that consider writing instruction in relation to alter egos, doppelgangers, reflections, duality, and doubles.  Possible topics include but are not limited:

  • Projects examining the creativity and/or “duality” of student writing
  • Presentations that draw on student texts or amplify student voices
  • Examinations of language difference and/or the duality of words and phrases
  • Presentations which examine the duality of teaching online versus face-to-face writing
  • Activist/alternative approaches to writing assessment and/or course design

The section encourages presentations that draw on student work as a primary text as well as interactive presentations that engage audience members.

Please send 150 - 300 word abstracts to lisa.diehl@ung.edu and/or James.Mcever@ung.edu. by April 15.

In keeping with the annual theme, this panel seeks to explore the relationship between duality, broadly conceived, travel, and writing about travel. We seek to interrogate the ways in which travel writing serves as a discursive engagement with multiple dualities, including self and other, authority and subordination, as well as style and content. Submissions from any time period will be considered and papers that explore a broad spectrum of genres, disciplines, and geographic regions will be given special consideration. Papers that address any approach to the conference theme are welcome. Potential topics and themes include (but are not limited to): 

  • Duality, Doubles, and Doppelgangers in travel writing
  • Sites as doppelgangers (i.e. the Grand Canal at The Venetian in Las Vegas or the Epcot World Showcase)
  • Contact zones and the relationship between travelers and travelees
  • The binaries of tourist/local; familiar/foreign
  • Travel and the Uncanny
  • Travel and the “Spatial Turn”
  • Performativity and the travelling self
  • Home and Away; Center and Periphery
  • Post/Anti/Colonial Travel Writing
  • Transnational and global forms of cultural exchange
  • Identity and Travel
  • Travel and constructions of race, class, and/or gender

Please send abstracts of approximately 200-300 words and a brief bio to Shannon Derby at MMLATravelWriting@gmail.com by April 15th.

Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers:

Understanding the Book Industry in Francophone Africa

Respective of this year’s conference theme, “Duality, Doubles and Doppelgängers,” organizers of this Women in French Special Session of the MMLA are seeking papers that engage with all aspects of duality relative to the publication and circulation of the novel in Francophone Africa. Possible topics include, but are not limited to:


  • Pan-African or Afro-European collaboration on editorial projects
  • Reeditions of out-of-print books
  • Electronic editions and Internet piracy
  • Translations of French-language texts into other languages and vice versa
  • Adaptations into other media (film, television, comics, etc.)
  • Form and function of the novel
  • Local vs. global contexts of reading and/or writing
  • World Literatures and the World Bank
  • Pen names and authorial identity
  • Writing as a secondary profession
  • African vs. European literary prizes

Please submit a 300-word abstract and short biography to Jennifer Howell, jthowel@ilstu.edu, and Nevine El Nossery, elnossery@wisc.edu, by April 15, 2019. Papers may be in either English or French.


Doubles, Doppelgangers, and Duality: (Re)Imagining Multiplicitous Womanhoods

Since Kimberlé Crenshaw established her concept of intersectionality in 1989, scholarship has proliferated that engages the idea of socially situated, complex, and multiplicitous identities. But even well before this, W.E.B. DuBois writes of his theory of double consciousness: “One ever feels his two-ness, an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder” (2). Keeping this in mind, this panel is interested in both contemporary and historical imaginings and theories of the multiplicitous, embodied subject. Indeed, scholars have long been interested in the duality that seems to be ever-present in issues of subjectivity, so in thinking about this year’s theme of Doubles, Doppelgangers, and Duality, we are intrigued by the intersections of womanhood and multiplicity. Audre Lorde reminds us that “there is no thing as a single-issue struggle because we do not live single-issue lives,” which is an assumption from which this panel will work (5).

We understand multiplicity as defined by Michael Hames- García as “the mutual constitution and overlapping of simultaneously experienced and politically significant categories” (13). Importantly, he charges that “[r]ather than existing as essentially separate axes that sometimes intersect, social identities blend, constantly and differently, expanding one another and mutually constituting one another’s meanings” (13). As such, we are interested in the varied ways that duality, intersectionality, and multiplicity can be understood, interpreted, sampled, remixed, (re)imagined and (re)defined from a feminist perspective: What does it mean to embody duality? How is this present in contemporary and historical literature and media? How might we achieve a duality that is ever-expanding rather than one that reinscribes troubling binaries? What are some ways to reconcile dualities that have not served us? Is there an ethics of duality? What does multiplicity look like in praxis and pedagogy? How does gender affect duality and how does feminism come into play in light of our epistemological and ontological foundations?

We invite papers that interrogate the many ways in which women’s texts embrace, embody, reject, or subvert duality and multiplicity. We seek to diversify and multiply the myriad ways these ideas can be taken up, including but certainly not limited to:

  • Black womanhood and double consciousness
  • Trans, non-binary, and femme identities
  • Duality and queer womanhood
  • Disability and multiplicity
  • Multicultural and multiracial bodies
  • Anthropomorphic and monstrous bodies
  • Women in film/media
  • Women in digital/new/social media
  • Emancipation and the post-colonial
  • Cross-cultural multiplicity, exoticization, globalization
  • Power and duality
  • Ethics of care and duality
  • Glocal Identity as multicultural transaction
  • Marginalized voice and double jeopardy
  • Institutional trappings and the material rhetoric of women’s literature
  • Materiality and discursivity: The multiplicity of embodiment and identity
  • Multiplicity and social justice
  • Psychoanalysis, desire, and the unconscious
  • Modes of self-representation
  • Duality of linguistics and translingualism
  • Politics of translation and hybrid texts
  • Pedagogy and praxis
  • Poetry, puns, and interpretations
  • Simulations, the post-human, and material cultures and reproductions
  • Metatextual and postmodern texts

Please send abstracts of no more than 350 words to Sayanti Mondal and Jennifer Coletta at MMLAwomenlit@gmail.com by April 5, 2019.

Writing allows our students to consider multiple perspectives and take on a variety of different roles, from personal reflection to creative writing, rhetorical analysis, and professional discourses. This focus on writing roles and identities gives students the opportunity to explore and develop different parts of themselves, from self-reflection to becoming engaged citizens and mastering the skills they will need as professionals. Foregrounding the notion of duality and multiplicity in student writing opens the door to several different critical discourses in considering audience, purpose, and students’ engagement with multiple texts and argumentative positions central to their own research and writing.

The Writing Across the Curriculum permanent session of the MMLA is seeking proposals for the 2019 conference. Topics might include, but are not limited to:

  • Approaches and assignments that focus on taking on particular writing role(s)
  • Writing in unique or multiple genres (i.e. essay paired with a presentation; developing an infographic, artist statement, or other particular professional genre)
  • Critical consideration and synthesis of multiple sources/voices/perspectives
  • Writing in (or as) collaboration
  • The role of doubling and repetition in the recursive writing process

Please send 250-300 word proposals to aburger@culver.edu by April 5th, 2019.

 For more on this year's convention theme and general information, please visit the Convention page