Loyola University Chicago

Quinlan School of Business

Faculty and Staff

Arup Varma

Title/s: Professor

Office #: Schreiber 729

Phone: 312.915.6664

E-mail: avarma@luc.edu

About

Professor Varma has published over 50 articles in leading refereed journals such as the Academy of Management Journal, Personnel Psychology, and the Journal of Global Mobility.  He has also presented over 90 refereed research papers at leading international conferences, and authored 35 book chapters.

His current research focuses on expatriate categorization and adjustment issues, and is widely cited. 

He has been recognized by his colleagues and students with multiple awards for teaching, research, and service.

 

Degrees

  • PhD (Industrial Relations & Human Resources), Rutgers University, New Jersey

  • MS (Personnel Management & Industrial Relations), Xavier Labor Relations Institute, Jamshedpur, India

  • BS (Economics), St. Xavier's College, Calcutta, India

Research Interests

  • Performance Appraisal/Leader-Member Exchange

  • Alternative Dispute Resolution

  • Expatriate Issues

Professional & Community Affiliations

  • Academy of Management
  • American Psychological Association
  • Human Resource Management Association of Chicago
  • Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology
  • Southern Management Association
  • Society for Human Resource Management

Professional Activities

  • Human Resource Management Journal

  • Book Review Editor (2001-2004)

  • Editorial Board (1994-)

  • Reviewer

    • Human Relations Journal

    • Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
    • International Journal of Organizational Analysis

    • Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes

    • MIT - Sloan Management Review

    • Human Resource Management Journal

    • Journal of Management

    • Journal of World Business

    • Personnel Review

    • Academy of Management Conference

    • Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology Conference

    • Southern Management Association Conference

    • Eastern Academy of Management Conference

    • European Academy of Management

    • International Conference on Advances in Management

    • Midwest Academy of Management Conference

    • Asia Academy of Management Conference

Courses Taught

  • Analytical Problem Solving in Organizations

  • Strategic Financial Analysis for HR/IR

  • Integrative Research Seminar in HR/IR

  • Staffing

  • Performance Management

  • Organizational Behavior

  • Strategic Human Resource Management

  • Organizational Change & Development

Awards

  • Quinlan School of Business Award for Outstanding Service, Loyola University Chicago, 2015
  • Institute of HRER Faculty of the Year Award, Loyola University Chicago, 2015
  • Quinlan School of Business Graduate Programs Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award, 2011/12

  • Quinlan School of Business Researcher of the Year Award, Loyola University Chicago, 2010/11

  • Quinlan School of Business/Institute of HRER Award for Outstanding Professional Achievements and Service, 2007/08

  • Quinlan School of Business graduate programs Faculty of the Year - 2002/3

  • Quinlan School of Business Researcher of the Year - 2003/4

Selected Publications

Refereed Articles

Varma, A., Russell,L.  (2016).  Women and expatriate assignments: Exploring the role of perceived organizational support. Employee Relations, 38 (2), 200 - 223.

Varma, A., Aycan, Z., Budhwar, P., Pichler, S., Uygur, U., Paluch, R. (2016). HCN support for expatriates: An investigation in Turkey. European Journal of International Management.

Khatri, N., Gupta, V., Varma, A. (in press). The relationship between HR capabilities and quality of patient care: The mediating role of proactive work behaviors. To appear in Human Resource Management.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Patel, C. (2016). Convergence-divergence of HRM in the Asia-Pacific: Context-specific analysis and future research agenda. Human Resource Management Review.

Varma, A., Jukic, N., Shultz, C. J., Nestorov, S. E. (2016). Airbnb: Exciting innovation or passing fad? Tourism Management Perspectives.

Hu, B., Varma, A. (2016). Employee reactions to the opportunity to participate in performance appraisal processes: An exploratory investigation in China. Dimensions.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., Matthew, J. (2016). Interpersonal affect and host country national support of expatriates: An investigation in China. Journal of Global Mobility.

Pichler, S., Varma, A., Beenen, G., Yu, A., Dawoudpur, S. (2014). High performance work environments and turnover: Organizational culture and gender demography matter. Employee Relations, 36(6).

Biswas, S., Varma, A., Ramaswami, A.,  Linking distributive and procedural justice to employee engagement through social exchange: A field study in India. International Journal of Human Resource Management, (2013) 24(8), 1570 - 1587.

Varma, A., Grodzicki, J., Pichler, S. M., Kupferer, S., Expatriate categorization and evaluation: An empirical Investigation in Poland and India. European Journal of International Management,(2012) 6(1), 63 - 82.

Biswas, S., Varma, A.,  Linkages between antecedents of in-role performance and intentions to quit: An investigation in India. International Journal of Human Resource Management, (2012) 23(5), 987 - 1005.

Patel, C., Budhwar, P., Varma, A.,  Overall justice, work-group identification and work outcomes: Test of moderated mediation process. Journal of World Business, (2012) 47(2), 213 - 222.

Khatri, N., Ojha, A., Budhwar, P., Srinivasan, V., Varma, A., Management research in India: Current state and future directions. Indian Institute of Management Review, (2012) 24(2), 102 - 115.

Varma, A., Pichler, S. M., Budhwar, P., Kupferer, S., Expatriate – local Interactions: An investigation in China. Journal of Managerial Psychology,  (2012) 27(7), 753 - 768.

Grodzicki, J., Varma, A., A Comparative Study of the Impact of Leader-Member Exchange in Two Samples: U.S.A. and Poland. Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies (2011).

Biswas, S., Varma, A., Antecedents of employee performance: An empirical investigation in India. Employee Relations, (2011) 34(2), 177 - 192.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Emerging HR management trends in India and the way forward. Organizational Dynamics, (2011) 40(4), 317 - 325.

Patel, C., Budhwar, P., & Varma, A. "Workgroup identification as a mediator between organizational justice and work outcomes: Test of a social exchange model in the Indian call center context." Journal of World Business (2010).

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & Pichler, S. "Chinese host country nationals' willingness to help expatriates: The role of social categorization." Thunderbird International Business Review (2010).

Varma, A., Pichler, S., & Budhwar, P. "The relationship between expatriate job level and host country national categorization: An investigation in the United Kingdom." International Journal of Human Resource Management (2010).

Pichler, S., Varma, A., & Bruce, T. "Heterosexism in employment decisions: The role of job misfit." Journal of Applied Social Psychology(2010).

Budhwar, Pawan. , Varma, A., Malhotra, N., & Mukherjee, A. "Insights Into the Indian call center industry: Can internal marketing help tackle high turnover?" Journal of Services Marketing, 23. 5 (2009). 351-362.

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, P., & Pichler, S. "Chinese host country nationals' willingness to help expatriates: The role of social categorization." Thunderbird International Business Review (2009).

Varma, Arup. , Pichler, S., & Budhwar, P. "The relationship between expatriate job level and host country national categorization: An investigation in the United Kingdom." International Journal of Human Resource Management (2009).

Budhwar, Pawan. , Varma, A., Katou, A., & Narayan, D. "The role of HR in cross-border mergers and acquisitions: The case of Indian pharmaceutical firms." Multinational Business Review (2009).

Pichler, Shaun. , Varma, A., & Bruce, T. "Heterosexism in employment decisions: The role of job misfit." Journal of Applied Social Psychology (2009).

Varma, Arup. , Pichler, S., Budhwar, P., & Biswas, S. "Chinese host country nationals' willingness to support expatriates: The role of collectivism, interpersonal affect, and guanxi." Internaational Journal of Cross-Cultural Management, 9. 2 (2009). `99-216.

Patel, Charmi. , Budhwar, P., & Varma, A. "Workgroup identification as a mediator between organizational justice and work outcomes: Test of a social exchange model in the Indian call center context." Journal of World Business (2009).

Varma, Arup. & Pichler, S. "Interpersonal affect: Does it really bias performance appraisals?" Journal of Labor Research, 28. 2 (2007).

Biswas, Soumendu. & Varma, A. "Psychological climate and individual performance in India: Test of a mediated model." Employee Relations (2007).

Varma, Arup. , Pichler, S., Srinivas, E., & Albarillo, M. "Leader member exchange revisited: An investigation of the moderating and mediating effects of LMX in 2 samples: U.S. and India." Management and Labor Studies, 32. 2 (2007).

Varma, Arup. , Pichler, S., & Simpson, P. "HR and the Bottom-Line: The impact of high performance work systems." Management and Labor Studies (2006).

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, P., Singh, V., & Dhar, R. "HRM systems of Indian call centers in India: An exploratory study." International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17. 5 (2006). 881-897.

Varma, Arup. , Toh, S., & Budhwar, P. "A new perspective on the female expatriate experience: The role of host country national categorization." Journal of World Business, 41. (2006). 112-120.

Varma, Arup. , Toh, S., & Pichler, S. "Ingratiation in job applications: Impact on selection decisions." Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21. 3 (2006). 200-210.

Varma, Arup. & Simpson, P. "Distributive justice revisited: A reconceptualization and empirical test." Journal of Labor Research, 27. 2 (2006). 237-262.

Mahony, D. , Klaas, B., McClendon, J., & Varma, A. "The effects of employment arbitration and employee rights on organizational attraction." Human Resource Management, 44. 4 (2005). 449-470.

Varma, Arup. , Srinivas, E., & Stroh, L. "A comparative study of the impact of leader member exchange relationships in U.S. and Indian samples." Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 12. 1 (2005). 84-95.

Varma, Arup. , Pichler, S., & Srinivas,, E. "The role of interpersonal affect in performance appraisal: Evidence from two samples U.S. and India." International Journal of Human Resource Management, 16. 11 (2005). 2029-2044.

Varma, Arup. & Stallowrth, L. "Participants' satisfaction with mediation and the issue of legal representation: An empirical inquiry." Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 6. 2 (2002). 387-418.

Varma, Arup. , Stroh, L., & Schmitt, L. "Women and international assignments: The impact of supervisor- subordinate relationships." Journal of World Business, 36. 4 (2001). 380-388.

Refereed Proceedings

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., & Bjorkman, I. "Emerging patterns of HRM systems of foreign firms in India." Academy of International Business (2010).

Varma, A., Kupferer, S., Pichler, S., & Grodzicki, J. "Expatriate categorization and evaluation: An empirical investigation in Poland and India." 11th Annual International Human Resource Management Conference (2010).

Turner, A. & Varma, A. "India's workforce The talent pool of the future?" 11th Annual International Human Resource Management Conference (2010).

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, P., & Albarillo, M. "The Hidden Cost of Outsourcing to Indian Firms: Attrition Problems and the Way Forward." Proceedings of the Fifth Asia Academy of Management Conference. (2006).

Varma, Arup. , Biswas, S., & Pichler, S. "Host Country National Willingness to Help Expatriates: The Role of Collectivism and Interpersonal Relationships." Proceedings of the Fifth Asia Academy of Management Conference (2006).

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, P., Biswas, S., & Toh, S. "An empirical investigation of host country national categorization of expatriates in the United Kingdom." Proceedings of the European Academy of Management Conference. (2005).

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, p., & Toh, S. "A two-nation study of host country national categorization of expatriates: U.K. and India."Proceedings of the 8th Conference on International Human Resource Management. (2005).

Books

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (Eds.), 2013, Managing Human Resources in Asia Pacific, (2nd edition - Routledge). ISBN: 978-0415898652

Budhwar, Pawan. and Arup Varma, Doing Business in India: Research Led Practice. Routledge, U.K. (2010).

Varma, Arup. , P Budhwar, and A DeNisi, Performance Management Systems: A Global Perspective. Routledge (2008).

Book Chapters

Minai, M.H., Singh, S., & Varma, A.  (in press). Approaches to leading for innovation, In Kundu, S., Pereira, V., Malik, A., & Munjal, S. (Eds.), Human Capital and Innovation: Examining the Role of Globalisation, Palgrave Studies in Global Human Capital Management.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P., & Norlander, P.  (in press). Performance management and motivation.  In Crawshaw, J., Budhwar, P., & Davis, A. (Eds), Human Resource Management: Strategic and International Perspectives – 2nd Edition, Sage.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & Norlander, P.  (in press).  HRM and performance in Asia.  In F. Cooke & S. Kim (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of HRM in Asia, Routledge (U.K.).

Budhwar, P., & Varma, A., & Hirekhan, M. (in press). Human resource management in the Indian sub-continent.  In Brewster, C., Mayrhofer, W., & Farndale, E. (Eds),  Handbook of Research in Comparative Human Resource Management,  Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar, xxx-xxx.

Stallworth, L.E, Varma, A., & Delaney, J.T. (in press). The NLRB’s unfair labor practice settlement program: An empirical analysis of participant satisfaction  AAA  Handbook on Employment Arbitration and ADR - 2nd Edition, xxx-xxx. 

Pichler, S., Livingston, B., Ruggs, E., & Varma, A.  (2016). The dark side of high performance work systems: Implications for workplace incivility, work-family conflict, and abusive supervision.  In N. Ashkanasy, R. Bennett, & M. Martinko (Eds.), Understanding the High Performance Workplace: The Link Between Motivation and Abuse, SIOP Frontier Series: Routledge.

Varma, A., Hu, B., & Bloomquist, L. (2016).  Crony capitalism and family oligarchies in India.  In N. Khatri & A Ojha (Eds.), Indian Brand of Crony Capitalism, Indian Academy of Management Series: Palgrave Macmillan, 159-176.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & Singh, S. (2015).  Performance management and high performance work practices in emerging markets.  In Horwitz, F., & Budhwar, P.  (Eds), Handbook of Human Resource Management in Emerging Markets, Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar, 316-334.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & McCusker, C. (2014).  Performance management in global organizations.  In Collings, D., Caligiuri, P., & Wood, G. (Eds), Companion to International Huma n Resource Management, Routledge, 172-189.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2014).  Global performance management.  In  Harzing, A., & Pinnington, A. (Eds.), International Human Resource Management (4th edition), Sage.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2014). Performance management and motivation.  In Crawshaw, J., Budhwar, P., & Davis, A. (Eds), Human Resource Management: Strategic and International Perspectives, Sage, 233-251.  

Budhwar, P., & Varma, A. (2013). Managing human resources in Asia-Pacific: An introduction.  In Varma, A., & Budhwar, P.S. (Eds), Managing Human Resources in Asia-Pacific, (2nd Edition), Routledge, 1-9. 

Malek, M., Varma, A., & Budhwar, P.S.  (2013). Human resource management in Malaysia.  In Varma, A., & Budhwar, P.S. (Eds), Managing Human Resources in Asia-Pacific, (2nd edition), Routledge, 191-208. 

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2013). Human resources in Asia-Pacific: Agenda for future research and policy.  In Varma, A., & Budhwar, P.S. (Eds), Managing Human Resources in Asia-Pacific, (2nd Edition), Routledge, 281-287. 

Budhwar, P., & Varma, A. (2012). Human resource management in the Indian  sub-continent.  In Brewster, C., & Mayrhofer, W. (Eds), Handbook of Research in Comparative Human Resource Management, Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar, 576 - 597. 

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2011). Global performance management. In Harzing, A., &  Pinnington, A. (Eds.), International Human Resource Management(3rd Edition), Sage.

Varma, Arup. , Dasgupta, B., & Budhwar, P. "Living in India Western and Indian Thinking.", Doing Business in India: Research Led Practice. Ed. , 2010.

Budhwar, Pawan. , Varma, A., & Sengupta, S. "Socio-cultural and institutional context of India.", Doing Business in India: Research Led Practice. Ed. , 2010.

Budhwar, Pawan. & Varma, A. "The Indian Business Context.", Doing Business in India: research Led Practice. Ed. , 2010.

Budhwar, Pawan. & Varma, A. "Management of Human Resources.", Doing Business in India: Research Led Practice. Ed. Routledge, 2010.

Varma, Arup. & Budhwar, P. "Global performance management.", International Human Resource Management (3rd ed). Ed. Harzing, A., & Pinnington, A. SAGE, 2010.

Budhwar, Pawan. & Varma, A. "Human resource management in the Indian subcontinent.", Handbook of Research in Comparative Human Resource Management.. Ed. Brewster, C., & Mayrhofer, W. , 2010.

Varma, Arup. , Pichler, S., & Petty, R. "Rater Ratee Relationships.", Performance Management Systems: A Global Perspective. Ed. , 2008.

Varma, Arup. , Sharma, T., & Budhwar, P. "Performance Management in India.", Performance Management Systems: A Global Perspective. Ed. , 2008.

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, P., & DeNisi, A. "Performance Management Around the Globe: What Have We Learned?", Performance Management Systems: A Global Perspective. Ed. , 2008.

Varma, Arup. , Budhwar, P., & DeNisi, A. "Introduction: Performance Management Around the Globe.", Performance Management Systems: A Global Perspective. Ed. , 2008.

Varma, Arup. & Tung, R. "Expatriate Selection and Evaluation.", Handbook of Cross-cultural Management Research. Ed. , 2008.

Varma, Arup. , Farias, G., & Stroh, L. "Relationship between a low-performing supervisor and a high-performing subordinate: Does supervisor performance level impact subordinate ratings?", Current Topics in Management. Ed. , 1999.

Presentation of Refereed Papers

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., & Bjorkman, I. (2010). "Emerging patterns of HRM systems of foreign firms in India." Academy of International Business, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.

Pichler, Shaun, M. Pisczcek, and A. Varma. (2010). "The social context of performance appraisals and employee reactions." Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology Conference, Montreal, Canada.

Turner, A. & Varma, A. (2010). "India's workforce - The talent pool of the future." 11th Annual International Human Resource Management Conference, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Varma, A., Kupferer, S., Pichler, S., & Grodzicki, J. (2010). "Expatriate categorization and evaluation: An empirical investigation in Poland and India." 11th Annual International Human Resource Management Conference, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Pichler, Shaun, A. Varma, and P. Budhwar. (2009). "Antecedents and consequences of the social categorization of expatriates in India." Indian Academy of Management Conference, Jamshedpur, India.

Pichler, Shaun, A. Varma, and T. Bruce. (2009). "Heterosexism in employment decisions: The perceived impact of job misfit." Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Varma, Arup, S. Pichler, and P. Budhwar. (2009). "Expatriate categorization and evaluation: A three-nation quasi-experimental study." Academy of Management Conference, Chicago, Illinois.

Varma, Arup, C. Patel, and P. Budhwar. (2008). "Present but Unproductive: The Dangers of Social Loafing." Asia Academy of Management Conference, Taipei, Taiwan.

Varma, Arup, S. Pichler, Z. Aycan, and P. Budhwar. (2008). "Expatriates in Turkey HCN Willingness to Help." Academy of Management Conference, Anaheim, California.

Varma, Arup, S. Pichler, and P. Budhwar. (2008). "Chinese HCNs' willingness to help expatriates: The impact of job level." Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology Conference, San Francisco, California.

Varma, Arup, S. Pichler, P. Budhwar, and M. Albarillo. (2008). "Host Country National Willingness to Help Expatriates: The Social Categorization of Expatriates in China and India." Asia Academy of Management Conference, Taipei, Taiwan.

Varma, Arup, S. Pichler, and P. Budhwar. (2007). "HCN Helping of Expatriates: The Impact of Job Level." 21st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, New York, New York.

Varma, Arup, and S. Pichler. (2006). "Different perspectives on LMX: An investigation in USA and India." 20th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, Texas.

Varma, Arup, S. Biswas,, and S. Pichler. (2006). "Host Country National Willingness to Help Expatriates: The Role of Collectivism and Interpersonal Relationships." Asia Academy of Management Conference, Tokyo, Japan.

Varma, Arup, P. Budhwar, and M. Albarillo. (2006). "The Hidden Cost of Outsourcing to Indian Firms: Attrition Problems and the Way Forward." Asia Academy of Management Conference, Tokyo, Japan.

Varma, Arup, S. Pichler, and T. Bruce. (2006). "For what job? An investigation of individual difference and job-related factors in hiring discrimination of LGBTs." Academy of Management Conference, Atlanta, Georgia.

Varma, Arup, P. Budhwar, S. Biswas, and S. Toh. (2006). "A quasi-experimental field study of Chinese HCNs' willingness to help expatriates." Academy of Management Conference, Atlanta, Georgia.

Varma, Arup, S. Toh, P. Budhwar, and S. Biswas. (2005). "A quasi-experimental field study on the impact of host worker perceptions on expatriate adjustment." Academy of Management Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Varma, Arup, P. Budhwar, and S. Toh,. (2005). "A two-nation study of host country national categorization of expatriates: U.K. and India." 8th Conference on International Human Resource Management, Cairns, Australia.

Varma, Arup, P. Budhwar, S. Biswas, and S. Toh. (2005). "An empirical investigation of host country national categorization of expatriates in the United Kingdom." European Academy of Management Conference, Munich, Germany.