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Loyola University Chicago

School of Education

Academic integrity

School of Education's Policy

In general, a violation of academic integrity occurs when the nature or source of academic work is misrepresented. This occurs in incidents such as, but not limited to, claiming work as one's own when it is not (e.g., plagiarism and cheating on tests) and/or falsifying data.

Cheating (fn 1)

The possession, receipt, use or solicitation of unauthorized materials, information, notes, study aids or other devices in any academic exercise. This definition includes unauthorized communication of information before, during and after an academic exercise.

Scope - all encompassing. Examples: This includes, but is not limited to, the following:

Plagiarism (fn 2)

Plagiarism occurs in written work and in oral/visual presentations in which the writer presents materials as his/her own that have originated with someone else. These materials include information, data, ideas, conclusions, words, sentence structures, images, movies, sounds, and music. Neglecting to include quotation marks or accurate documentation with these materials is plagiarism as surely as knowingly copying another person’s writing and submitting it as one’s own.

This definition applies to all types of sources, including print sources, sources from electronic databases, from the Internet, and from other media.

There are two broad categories of plagiarism:

First, plagiarism of ideas occurs when the writer presents the ideas of others as his/her own. Information, data, interpretations, and conclusions that come from a specific source must be attributed to the source even if the original language is not used. Plagiarism of ideas can easily be avoided by including documentation of the original source. The writer should use the citation style that is appropriate to the discipline in which he/she is writing or as required by the course instructor.

Second, plagiarism of language occurs when the writer lifts sentences or substantive words from the source in any medium (e.g., web, print, audio). Writers must use quotation marks or block quotations to indicate that the words in the essay are exactly the same as those in the original text, and writers must provide a citation that correctly identifies the source. It is important that the writer fulfill his/her responsibility to the original source by being precise and accurate when quoting. Plagiarism of language can be avoided either by correctly identifying a quotation or by rewording so that the language of the original is replaced with language that is the writer’s own. Plagiarism of language can be further subdivided:

Fabrication (fn 3)

Fabrication includes ”falsifying or inventing any information, data or citation.”3 Data that were collected or analyzed in a negligent way, as well as results that have been improperly adjusted or conflicting data that have been omitted for deceptive purposes, are also considered to be fabricated.

Falsification of Records and Official Documents (fn 4)

Altering documents that affect academic records, forging signatures of authorization or falsifying information on an official academic document, grade report, letter of permission, petition, drop/add form, ID card, or any other official University document all constitute falsification of records and official documents.

Violations of Academic Integrity in Research (fn 5)

Three categories are of special interest here:

  1. Falsification in Research involves the intentional misrepresentation of research findings,  description of methods, and/or misleading statements regarding research progress (e.g., how, where, and when data were collected and analyzed) to a faculty advisor or research sponsor.
  2. Deliberate Violation of Regulations.  At Loyola University Chicago, all research involving human subjects and animal subjects requires approval from the Institutional Review Board. Students who conduct research without IRB approval are in direct violation of the university’s regulations.
  3. Abuse of Confidentiality.  Releasing information, data or the ideas of others that were shared with the expectation that the information would be kept confidential is an abuse of confidentiality.  For example, the failure to protect the identities of participants (and their organizations) during the process of conducting and reporting research is a violation of confidentiality.

Procedures for Adjudicating Violations of Academic Integrity

Violations of academic integrity as described in this statement may result in one or more actions including: a) faculty request that student revise and resubmit an assignment; b) faculty submission of a grade of "F" for an assignment; c) faculty submission of a grade of "F" for the course; and/or d) faculty recommendation that student be suspended or dismissed from the academic program.  Should a student elect to dispute the faculty member's action or recommendation, s/he should follow the School of Education’s standard grievance procedures (see Grievance Procedure: Ed.D., Ed.S. & M.Ed. (select Academic Grievance Procedures from the menu); Ph.D. & M.A.; Undergraduate).


Approved by the School of Education Academic Council,
January 15, 2010.

1 For the most part, this entire section (with minor modification) was taken from the Elon University 2009-2010 student handbook. [Retrieved January 6, 2010 from http://www.elon.edu/e-web/students/handbook/violations/cheating.xhtml]. Note: language pertaining to authentic usage for online courses and online learning/academic resources was added by Loyola University Chicago.

2 For the most part, this entire section is quoted directly from Lynchburg College. (n.d.). Statement on plagiarism. [Retrieved January 6, 2010 from http://www.lynchburg.edu/student-handbook-policies/statement-plagiarism.

3 Northwestern University. (1992). University principles and safeguards. [Retrieved January 6, 2010 from http://www.northwestern.edu/uacc/uniprin.html].

4 This entire section is quoted directly from Northwestern University. (1992). University principles and safeguards. [Retrieved January 6, 2010 from http://www.northwestern.edu/uacc/uniprin.html].

5 The concepts discussed in these sections were informed by Integrity in scholarship: Resources on academic misconduct for graduate students at the University of Michigan Rackham graduate school of education. (n.d.) [Retrieved January 6, 2010 from http://www.rackham.umich.edu/downloads/publications/AcademicIntegrity.pdf].


School of Education
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Chicago, IL 60611
312.915.6800 · SchlEduc@luc.edu

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