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Loyola University Chicago

Department of Philosophy

PHIL 274: Logic

PHIL 274: Logic

The Generic Catalog Description

A detailed study of the rules of valid judging and reasoning, both deductive and inductive and from both the traditional and symbolic point of view. Central to the course is logical analysis, in particular a study of the consistency and logical consequences of a given set of statements. The issues of evidence, truth, and explanation will be discussed, and some time will be spent on applying logical analysis to concrete problems concerning our knowledge of reality.


PHIL 274: Logic

Blake Dutton

This core course is a detailed study of the rules of valid reasoning, both from both the traditional and symbolic point of view. Key aspects of the course are the logical analysis of ordinary language and the deductive consequences from given premises. We will study the laws of logic and apply them to concrete problems of argumentation. We will also study the many types of common errors in reasoning, known as logical fallacies, but the emphasis will be on symbolic logicand topics such as: the nature and structure of arguments; truth, validity and soundness; syllogistic arguments and their evaluation; venn diagrams; truth-functional connectives; truth tables; inference rules; translation into logical form; and natural deduction.

Students will have problem sets assigned to them nearly every class. At the end of the course they will be able to demonstrate a complete, symbolic formal system utilizing a comprehensive and entirely symbolic language and containing a complete set of formal laws of logic.

Typical text:
Patrick Hurley, A Concise Introduction to Logic


PHIL 274: Logic

Arnold vander Nat

This course is a detailed introduction to the methods and principles of correct reasoning, focused on various deductive techniques, as found in traditional logic and in modern logic. Central to this study is a precise analysis of the logical structure that all our sentences have, and also a precise analysis of all the logical consequences that our sentences have. The laws of logic themselves are extensively studied, and they are rigorously applied in the solution of concrete problems of argumentation. Also studied are the many types of common errors in reasoning, known as logical fallacies.  

Course materials include a logic textbook with extensive exercises.  Students will be assigned logic exercises on a regular basis, and there will be various announced quizzes and a final exam.


PHIL 274: Logic

David Yandell

Logic is the systematic study of basic patterns of inference. This course will survey traditional and modern systems of formal inference, with an eye towards developing the student's skills at manipulating symbolic representations of both propositions and arguments. We will learn a variety of methods, from pictorial diagrams to algebraic-style notation, all of which have been used by philosophers to translate ordinary thoughts into rigorous formulations which can then be tested for their intrinsic logical merit and argumentative relevance. We will round out the end of the course with a survey of informal fallacies-common errors in reasoning-and see why they fall short of our standards of logical acumen.


PHIL 274: Logic

Kyle Thomsen

It is the goal of this class to hone each student's argumentative skill-set. This core course involves a detailed study of the rules of valid judging and reasoning, both deductive and inductive and from both the traditional and symbolic point of view. Central to the course is logical analysis, in particular a study of the consistency and logical consequences of a given set of statements. This course will involve a detailed examination of the rules of symbolic logic in addition to discussion of logical fallacies. Students will apply this knowledge to concrete cases in order to see how the rules of logic play out in the real world.

Loyola

Loyola University Chicago · Crown Center, 3rd Floor · 1032 West Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60660
Phone: 773.508.2291 · Fax: 773.508.2292 · E-mail: Philosophy secretary

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