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Arup Varma

Title/s:  Distinguished University Research Professor

Office #:  Schreiber 729

Phone: 312.915.6664

Email:

About

Professor Varma has published over 80 articles in leading refereed journals such as the Academy of Management Journal, Personnel Psychology, the Journal of Applied Psychology, and the International Journal of Human Resource Management. He has also presented over 125 refereed research papers at leading international conferences, and authored more than 50 book chapters.

His current research focuses on expatriate categorization and adjustment issues, and is widely cited. 

He has been recognized by his colleagues and students with multiple awards for teaching, research, and service.

Degrees

  • PhD (Industrial Relations & Human Resources), Rutgers University, New Jersey
  • MS (Personnel Management & Industrial Relations), Xavier Labor Relations Institute, Jamshedpur, India
  • BS (Economics), St. Xavier's College, Calcutta, India

Research Interests

  • Performance Appraisal/Leader-Member Exchange
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Expatriate Issues

Professional & Community Affiliations

  • Academy of Management
  • American Psychological Association
  • Human Resource Management Association of Chicago
  • Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology
  • Southern Management Association
  • Society for Human Resource Management

Professional Activities

  • Human Resource Management Journal
  • Book Review Editor (2001-2004)
  • Editorial Board (1994-)
  • Reviewer
    • Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
    • International Journal of Organizational Analysis
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
    • MIT - Sloan Management Review
    • Human Resource Management Journal
    • Journal of Management
    • Journal of World Business
    • Personnel Review
    • Academy of Management Conference
    • Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology Conference
    • Southern Management Association Conference
    • Eastern Academy of Management Conference
    • European Academy of Management
    • International Conference on Advances in Management
    • Midwest Academy of Management Conference
    • Asia Academy of Management Conference

Courses Taught

  • Analytical Problem Solving in Organizations
  • Strategic Financial Analysis for HR/IR
  • Integrative Research Seminar in HR/IR
  • Staffing
  • Performance Management
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Strategic Human Resource Management
  • Organizational Change & Development

Awards

  • Quinlan School of Business Dean's Service Award, 2021
  • Fulbright Professional Excellence Award,  2018
  • Xavier School of Management (XLRI) India, Distinguished Alumnus (Academic), 2017
  • Quinlan School of Business Researcher of the Year, 2017
  • Quinlan School of Business Award for Outstanding Service, 2015
  • Institute of HRER Faculty of the Year Award,  2015
  • Quinlan School of Business Graduate Programs Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award, 2011/12
  • Quinlan School of Business Researcher of the Year Award, 2010/11
  • Quinlan School of Business/Institute of HRER Award for Outstanding Professional Achievements and Service, 2007/08
  • Quinlan School of Business graduate programs Faculty of the Year - 2002/3
  • Quinlan School of Business Researcher of the Year - 2003/4

Selected Publications

Refereed Articles

Behl, A., Pandey, J., Gupta, M., Pereira, V., Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Hassan, Y., & Kukreja, P. (2021). Technology-enabled knowledge management for community healthcare workers: The effects of knowledge sharing and knowledge hiding. Journal of Business Research. 

Mohyuddin, S., Sengupta, S., Patel, P., Prikshat, V., & Varma, A. (2021). Career-related migration challenges of South Asian professionals and managers in Australia: Resolving the crisis of habitus. Journal of Intellectual Capital. 

Varma, A., Patel, P., Prikshat, V., Hota, D., & Pereira, V. (2021).  India’s New Education Policy: A case of indigenous ingenuity contributing to the global knowledge economy? Journal of Knowledge Management. 

Jaiswal, A., Arun, C. J., & Varma, A. (2021). Rebooting employees: Upskilling for artificial intelligence in multinational corporations.  International Journal of Human Resource Management. 

Tripathi, R., Thite, M., Varma, A., & Mahapatra, G. (2021). Appraising the revamped performance management system in Indian IT MNEs: The employees’ perspective. Human Resource Management. 

Singh, S., Varma, A., & Minai, M.H. (2020).  India rising: How human resource management policies and practices are helping shape the new India.  Personnel Review, 49(7), 1329-1341. 

Norlander, P., Jukic, N., Varma, A., & Nestorov, S. (2021). The effects of technological supervision on gig workers:  Organizational control and motivation of Uber, taxi, and limousine drivers.  International Journal of Human Resources Management.

Varma, A., Zilic, I., Katou, A., Blajic, B., & Jukic, N. (2021). Supervisor-subordinate relationships and employee performance appraisals:   A multi-source investigation in Croatia.  Employee Relations, 43(1), 45-62.

Varma, A., Matthew, J., Wang, C. -H., Budhwar, P., & Katou, A. (2020). Indian nurses in the United Kingdom: A two-phase study of the expatriate-host country national relationship.  European Management Review.

Varma, A., Yoon Y J., & Froese, F.J.  (2020).  Expatriate demographic characteristics and host country national support:  An emiprical investigation in Central/South America.  Cross-Cultural and Strategic Management.  

Cooke, F.L., Schuler, R., & Varma, A. (2020).  HRM research and practice in Asia:  Past, present, and future.  Human Resource Management Review, 30(4).

Dutta, D., Mishra, S., & Varma, A. (2020).  Job pursuit intention across career stages:  A mixed-methods multi-phase investigation.  International Journal of Human Resource Management.

Zhang, Y., & Varma, A. (2020).  Organizational preparedness with COVID=19:  Strategic planning and human creativity. The European Business Review, Sep-Oct, 22-33.

Varma, A., & Tung, R.  (2020).  Lure of country of origin:  An exploratory study of ex-host country nationals in India.  Personnel Review, 49(7), 1487-1501.

Wang, C. -H. & Varma, A.  (2020).  International management strategies and expatriate practices of Taiwanese multi-national corporations:  A contigency perspective.   Asian Business & Management.

Xiao, H., Shi, Y., & Varma, A. (2019).  The effects of employee stock ownership plans on career development in a new era:  Evidence from China's manufacturing transformation.  Career Development International, 24(5), 453-474.

Kumar, R., Budhwar, R., Patel, C., & Varma, A. (2019). Self-regulation and expatriate adjustment: The role of regulatory fit.  Human Resource Management Review, 29(4).

Norlander, P. & Varma, A.  (2019).  H-1B and L-1 visa sponsored guest workers in the USA:  An analysis of the impact of Indian and other firms.  Thunderbird International Business Review, 65(4), 565-579.

Pichler, S., Livingston, B., Yu, A., Varma, A., Budhwar, P.S., & Shukla, A. (2019).  Nationality, diversity, and leader-member exchange at multiple levels of analysis: Test of a cross-level model.  Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion: An International Journal, 38(1), 20-39.

Wang, C.-H., & Varma, A. (2019).  Cultural distance and expatriate failure rates:  The moderating role of expatriates management practices.  International Journal of Human Resource Management.  30(15), 2211-2230.

Wang, C. -H. & Varma, A. (2018).  A process of how interpersonal interaction leads to optimal effectiveness of the expatriate-host country national relationship.  An intergroup contact perspective.  Cross Cultural and Strategic Management 25(4), 670-689.

Froese, F.J., Suutari, V., Varma, A., & Hitotsuyanagi, A. (2018). Merit- based rewards, job satisfaction, and voluntary turnover: The moderating effects of employee demographic characteristics. British Journal of Management. 30(3), 610-623.

Khatri, N., Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2017).  Commonly observed shortcomings in manuscripts of Indian management scholars.  IIMB Management Review, 29, 203-209.

Budhwar, P.S., Tung, R., Varma, A., & Do, H. (2017). Developments in human resources in MNCs from BRICS nations:  A review and future research agenda.  Journal of International Management. 23(2), 111-123.

Khatri, N., Gupta, V., Varma, A. (2017). The relationship between HR capabilities and quality of patient care: The mediating role of proactive work behaviors. Human Resources Management, 56(4), 673-691. 

Varma, A, Budhwar, P., Katou, A., & Matthew, J. (2016).  Interpersonal affect and host country national support of expatriates:  An investigation in China.  Journal of Global Mobility, 4(4), 476-495.

Varma, A., Jukic, N., Pestek, A., Shultz, C., and Nestorov, S. (2016).  Airbnb:  Exciting innovation or passing fad? Tourism Management Perspectives, 20, 228-237.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., & Patel, C.  (2016). Convergence-divergence of HRM in the Asia-Pacific:  Context-specific analysis and future research agenda.  Human Resource Managment Review, 26(4), 311-326.

Varma, A., Aycan, Z., Budhwar, P., Pichler, S., Uygur, U., & Paluch, R. (2016).  Host country national support for expatriates:  An investigation in Turkey.  European Journal of International Management, 10(6), 605-623.

Varma, A., Russell, L.  (2016).  Women and expatriate assignments: Exploring the role of perceived organizational support. Employee Relations, 38(2), 200-223.

Pichler, S., Varma, A., Michel, J., Budhwar, P., Levy, P., & Sharma, A. (2016).  Leader-member exchange, group- and individual-level procedural justice, and reactions to performance appraisals:  Test of a cross-level model.  Human Resource Managment, 55(5), 871-883.

Books

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (Eds.), 2020., Performance Management:  An Experiential Approach.  Sage, ISBN-13: 978-1473975743, ISBN-10: 1473975743.

Mishra, S. & Varma, A. (Eds.) 2019.  Spirituality in Management:  Insights from India.  London: Palgrave MacMillan, ISBN 78-3-030-13984-1.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., & Kumar, R. (Eds.), 2019.  Indian Business:  Understanding a Rapidly Emerging Economy.  London:  Routledge, ISBN 978-1315268422.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (Eds.), 2013. Managing Human Resources in Asia Pacific, (2nd edition - Routledge). ISBN: 978-0415898652.

Budhwar, P. & Varma, A. (Eds.), 2010.  Doing Business in India: Research-based Practice. London:  Routledge.  ISBN:  978-0415777551.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & DeNisi, A. (Eds.) 2008, Performance Management Systems: A Perspective.  Global HRM Series, London:  Routledge. ISBN: 978-0415771771.

Book Chapters

Varma, A., Wang, C. -H., & Patel, P. (in press).  i-Deals as a human resource initiative:  Exciting innovation or passing fad?  In i-Deals.  S. Anand & Y. Rofcanin, (Eds.)., Palgrave McMillan.

Varma, A., & Hu, B. (in press) Employee Relations in China, in Routledge Handbook of Chiness Business & Management.  J. Nolan  M. Warner (Eds.)., Routledge U.K.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., Norlander, P., & Shi, Y.  (in press).  Performance management and motivation.  In Crawshaw, J., Budhwar, P. , & Davis A. (Eds.)  Human Resource Management Strategic and International Perspectives - 3rd Edition.  Sage, xxx-xxx.

Varma, A., Wang, C. -H., &  Budhwar, P.S. (2020) Performance management for expatriates.   In J. Bonache, C. Brewster, and F.J. Froese (Eds.), Global Mobility and the Management of Expatriates.  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2020).  Implementing a performance management system.  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar. (Eds.)  Performance Management Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, pp. 165-180.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., Pichler, S., Moore, M., & Viswanathan, S. (2020).  High performance work systems as a source of competitive advantage:  Lessons from NTL (India).  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar. (Eds.), Performance Management Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, pp. 181-193.

Minai, M.H., Singh, S., & Varma, A.  (2020).  Goal setting.  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar.  (Eds.) Performance Management Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, 43-60.

Norlander, P., & Varma, A.  (2020).  Performance Information.  In A. Varma  P. Budhwar. (Eds.).  Performance Management Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, 61-78.

Hu, B., & Varma, A. (2020).  Motivation and feedback.  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar.  (Eds.)  Performance Management Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, 111-134.

Wang, C. -H,, & Varma, A.  (2020).  Supervisor-subordinate relationships.  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar. (Eds.). Performance Management Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, 135-152.

 Varma, A., & Tung, R.  (2020).   Performance management for expatriates.  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar.  (Eds.).  Performance Managment Systems:  An Experiential Approach.  London:  Sage, 153-164.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P. (2020).  Introduction - Performance management in context.  In A. Varma & P. Budhwar.  (Eds.), Performance Managment Systems:  An Experiential Approach. London:  Sage, 1-14.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Kumar, R., & Do, H.  (2019).  Introduction:  The Indian business context.  In P. Budhwar, A. Varma, & R. Kumar.  (Eds.), Indian Business:  Understanding A Rapidly Emerging Economy.  London:  Routledge, 3-11.

Khatri, N. & Varma, A. (2019).  Dynamics of corruption and croynism in India.  In P. Budhwar, A., Varma, A., & R. Kumar.  (Eds.), Indian Business:  Understanding A Rapidly Emerging Economy.  London:  Routledge, 61-71.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Rao, I., & Bhattacharya, S.  (2019).  Management of HR in India.  In P. Budhwar, A. Varma, & R. Kumar.  (Eds.), Indian Business: Understanding A Rapidly Emerging Economy. London: Routledge, 231-241.

Mishra, S., & Varma, A. (2019).  Introduction:  Spirituality and Organizations.  In S. Mishra & A. Varma (Eds.),  Spirituality in Management:  Insights from India.  London:  Palgrave MacMillan, 1-6.

Varma, A. & Mishra, S. (2019).  Workplace Spirituality:  An Agenda for Future Research.  In S. Mishra & A. Varma (Eds.)  Spirituality in Management:  Insights from India.  London:  Palgrave MacMillan, 195-200.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & Yu, M.  (2018).  Global performance management.  In A. Harzing, & S. Reiche (Eds.), International Human Resource Management (5th Edition), Sage.

Minai, M.H., Singh, S., & Varma, A. (2017).  Leading for innovation, In S. Kundu, V. Pereira, A. Malik, & S. Munjal (Eds.), Human Capital and Innovation:  Examining the Role of Globalisation.  Palgrave Studies in Global Human Capital Management, 39-72.

Varma, A., & Budhwar, P., & Norlander, P.  (2017). Performance management and motivation.  In Crawshaw, J., Budhwar, P., & Davis, A. (Eds), Human Resource Management: Strategic and International Perspectives – 2nd Edition, Sage, 278-301.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & Norlander, P.  (2017).  HRM and performance in Asia.  In F. Cooke & S. Kim (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of HRM in Asia, Routledge (U.K.), 149-165.

Budhwar, P., Varma, A., & Hirekhan, M. (2017). Human resource management in the Indian sub-continent.  In Brewster, C., Mayrhofer, W., & Farndale, E. (Eds),  Handbook of Research in Comparative Human Resource Management,  Cheltenham (UK): Edward Elgar, 543-553.

Stallworth, L.E., Varma, A., & Delaney, J.T. (2017). The NLRB’s unfair labor practice settlement program: An empirical analysis of participant satisfaction.  AAA Handbook on Employment Arbitration and ADR - 2nd Edition. xxx-xxx.

Pichler, S., Livingston, B., Ruggs, E., & Varma, A.  (2016). The dark side of high performance work systems: Implications for workplace incivility, work-family conflict, and abusive supervision.  In N. Ashkanasy, R. Bennett, & M. Martinko (Eds.), Understanding the High Performance Workplace: The Link Between Motivation and Abuse, SIOP Frontier Series: Routledge.

Varma, A., Hu, B., & Bloomquist, L. (2016).  Crony capitalism and family oligarchies in India.  In N. Khatri & A Ojha (Eds.), Crony Capitalism in Indian: Establishing Robust Conteractive Instutional Frameworks.  Indian Academy of Management Series: Palgrave Macmillan, 159-176.

Presentation of Refereed Papers

Chaudhuri, K., Varma, A., & Malik, A. (2020*).  Artificial Intelligence as an antidote for managing people in organizations:  How realistic?  British Academy of Management Conference.  *Presented online due to COVID-19.

Varma, A. & Wang, C. -H.  (2020*).  Performance management for expatriates:  A model and propositions.  Paper presented at the Academy of International Business Conference 2020, Miami, FL.  *Presented online due to COVID-19.

Varma, A., Yoon, Y.J., Froese, F.J., & McKendrick, L.  (2020*).  Cultural distance and host country national support:  Two studies on the expatriate experience in Central/South American.  Paper presented at the Academy of International Business Latin American Conference 2020.  Miami, FL.  *Presented online due to COVID-19.

Tripathi, R., Thite, M., Varma, A., & Mohaptra, G. (2020*).  Perceived purposes of performance management systems in Indian IT multinational enterprises:  'Should be' apspirations are far higher than 'is' and 'was' evaluations.  Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science.  Chicago, IL.  * Presented online due to COVID-19. 

Yoon, Y. -J., Varma, A., & Cha, Y. -J. (2020*).  Thinking hard in pro-social ways:  Two studies on expatriate-local Interactions in the USA ans South Korea.  Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science.  Chicago, IL.  *Presented online due to COVID-19.

Varma, A., Mathew, J., Budhwar, P., & Katou, A. (2019).  Indian expatriate nurses in the United Kingdom:  A longitudinal study of the impact of host country national support.  Paper presented at the Midwest Academy of Management Conference.  Omaha, NE.  Best Overall Paper Nominee.

Uppal, N., Varma, A., & Ganguly, V.  (2019).  Does it pay to be bad?  An investigation of Dark Triad traits and job performance in India.  Paper presented at the Southern Management Association Meeting.  Norfolk, VA.  

Malik, A., Budhwar, P., Srikanth, N.R., & Varma, A. (2019).  May the bots be with you!  Opportunities and challenges of artificial intelligence for rethinking human resource management practices.  Paper presented at the British Academy of Management Conference, Birmingham, U.K.

Varma, A., Shi, Y., & Ganguly, V.  (2019).  Expatriate performance evaluation and host country national support:  A quasi-experimental study.  Paper presented at the British Academy of Management Conference.  Birmingham, U.K.

Hu, B., Tallapragada, R., Varma, A., Rao, K.S., & Ganguly, V.  (2019).  Host country nationals' willingness to support expatriates:  A policy capturing study.  Paper presented at the Academy of International Business (India) Conference, Hyderabad, India.

Varma, A., Tallapragada, R., & Shi, Y. (2019).  Expatriate networks in host countries:  A recipe for successful adjustment.  Paper presented at the IBS Mumbai International HR Conference.  Mumbai, India.  Winner of 1st Prize in the "International Paper" Category.

Varma, A., Ju, B., Budhwar, P., & Norlander, P.  (2018).  Host country national support for expatriates from the BRICS countries:  A multi-source, multi-menthod investigation.  Paper presented at the Academy of Management Conference, Chicago, IL.

Varma, A., Zilic, I., Katou, A., Blajic, B., & Jukic, N. (2018).  Supervisor-subordinate relationships and employee performance appraisals:  A multi-source investigation in Croatia.  Paper presented at the European Academy of Management Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Varma, A., Mathew, J., Budhwar, P.,  Katou, A. (2018).  Indian expatriate nurses in the United Kingdom:  A longitudinal study of the impact of host country national support.  Paper presented at the European Academy of Management Conference.  Reykjavik, Iceland.

Tallapragada, R., Patel, C.,  Varma, A.  (2018).  Social networks and expatriate success:  A model and propositions.  Paper presented at the Eurpoean Group for Organizational Studies Colloquium.  Tallimn, Estonia.

Varma, A., Wang, C. -H., & Smith, A. (2018).  Expatriate networks and adjustment success:  A review and propositions.  Paper presented at the AIB-India Conference,.  Shimla, India.

Grodziki, J., Sharma, R., & Varma, A. (2018).  Millennials' attitudes towards older workers:  An investigation in Poland.  Paper presented at the IBS Mumbai International HR Conference.  Mumbai, India.  Winner of 1st Prize in the "International Paper" Category.

Norlander, P., Varma, A., Jukic, N., and Nestorov, S.  (2018).  Effectance-enhancing monitoring in the gig economy:  When technology increases control and motivation.  Paper presented at the INFORMS Organization Studies Winter Conference.  Park City, UT.

Varma, A., Shi, Y., & Grodzicki, J. (2017).  Expatriate country of orgin and host country national support:  An exploratory investigation.  Paper presented at the Indian Academy of Management Conference.  Indore, India.

Wang, C. -H. & Varma, A. (2017).  The role of social capital in expatriate success:  A model and propositions.  Paper presented at the Indian Academy of Management Conference.  Indore, India.

Varma, A., Hu, B., and & Yu, M.  (2017).   Host country national and expatriate relationship:  The impact of nationality.  Paper presented at the Midwest Academy of Management Conference.  Chicago, IL.

Hu, B., Varma, A., & Yu, M. (2017).  Host country nationals' willingness to support expatriates:  A policy capturing approach.  Paper presented at the Midwest Academy of Management Conference.  Chicago, IL.

Norlander, P., Varma, A., Jukic, N., & Nestorov, S.  (2017).  Minimal management and control variation in the taxi and ride-sharing industries.  Paper presented at the Academy of Management Conference.  Atlanta, GA.

Varma, A., Hu, B., Zilic, I., & Yu, M.  (2017).  Host country national categorization of expatriates:  Do personality and job type matter?  Paper presented at the Eastern Academy of Management Conference. Baltimore, MD.

Want, C. -H. & Varma, A.  (2017).  Adding host country nationals to the equation for expatriate success:  An intergroup contact perspective.  Paper presented at the Academy of International Business Conference. Dubai, U.A.E.

Davies, S., Froese, F., & Varma, A.  (2016).  Justice for all?  The influence of expatriates' justice perceptions on job satisfaction and turnover intentions, and the moderating effects of cultural perceptions and backgrounds.  Paper presented at the 42nd Conference of the European International Business Academy.  Vienna, Austria.

Norlander, P., Varma, A., & Jukic, N.  (2016).  Minimal managment and control variation in the taxi and ride-sharing industries.  Paper presented at the 9th Annual People and Organizations Conference.  The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Varma, A., Budhwar, P., & Katou, A.  (2016).  Host country nationa support of expatriates:   A two-phase study in China.  Paper presented at the Eurpoean Academy of Management Conference.  Paris, France.

Minai, M.H., Singh, S., & Varma, A.  (2016).  The use of affective displays by transformational leaders to enhance divergent and/or convergent thinking.  Paper presented at the European Academy of Management Conference.  Paris, France.

Russell, L., Varma, A., & Hu, B.  (2016).  Exploring the impact of perceived organization support and leader-member exhange on the female expatriate experience.  Paper presented at the European Academy of Management Conference, Paris, France.

Hoa, D., Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Patel, C., & Guillame, Y. (2016).  Mamagement initiatives and firm performance.  Paper presented at the Academy of Management HR Division's International Conference.  Sydney, Australia.