Paul Gabriel

Title/s:  Professor of Economics

Office #:  Schreiber 526

Phone: 312.915.6070



Professor Gabriel’s research interests include analyzing the labor market returns to human capital, and examining earnings and employment patterns by race, gender, and veteran status.


  • PhD, Economics, University of Kentucky, 1987
  • MS, Economics, University of Kentucky, 1982
  • BA, Economics, University of Cincinnati, 1980

Research Interests

  • Human capital analysis
  • Empirical analysis of differences in earnings and employment patterns by race and gender in the U.S. labor market
  • Examination of issues related to market efficiency

Professional & Community Affiliations

  • American Economic Association
  • Midwest Economics Association
  • Southern Economic Association

Courses Taught

  • ECON 201. Principles of Microeconomics
  • ECON 202. Principles of Macroeconomics
  • ECON 303. Intermediate Microeconomics
  • ECON 360. Economics of Labor

Selected Publications

Refereed Articles 

Gabriel, P.E., Schmitz, S. (2020).  "Are Estimates of Racial Wage Discrimination Influenced by Labor Market Conditions? Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey".  Applied Economics Letters, 27(14).

Gabriel, P. E. (2020).  "An Empirical Examination of the Occupational Attainment of American Veterans of World War I".  Social Science Quarterly, (101)3.

Gabriel, P. E. (2017).  "An Empirical Assessment of the Wage Premium for American Veterans of World War II".  Social Science Journal, 54(3).

Gabriel, P. E., Schmitz, S. (2017).  "An Empirical Analysis of Recent Trends in Gender Wage Differences for U.S. Workers".  Journal of Applied Business and Economics.

Gabriel, P. E., Surdam, D., Brown, K. (2016).  "Not so Black and White: Race and Promotion in Major League Baseball, 1951-1955".  Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 40(4), 315-328.

Gabriel, P. E. (2016).  "The Doughboy Premium: An Empirical Assessment of the Relative Wages of American Veterans of World War I".  Applied Economics Letters, 23(2), 93-96

Gabriel, P. E., Schmitz, S. (2015). "An Examination of Ex-post Returns to a College Education for Prime-age US Workers".  Southern Business & Economic Journal, 38(1), 51-60

Gabriel, P. E., Schmitz, S. (2014).  "A Longitudinal Examination of Wage Inequality and Labor Market Polarization in the United States".  Empirical Economics Letters, The.

Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. (2014). “A Longitudinal Analysis of the Union Wage Premium for U.S. Workers".  Applied Economics Letters. 21.7, 486-489.

Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. (2014).  "A Longitudinal Examination of Racial Differences in Occupational Distributions among Prime-aged Males in the United States".   Economics Bulletin. 34.1, 106-114.

Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz.  (2013).  “Empirical Issues in Measuring the Returns to Female Labor Market Experience".  Journal of Business & Economics Research. 11.10. 431-435.

Gabriel, P.E., D. Surdam, K.Brown. (2015).  “An Inquiry into the Pay Structure of the New York Yankees: 1919-1941".  Eastern Economic Journal. 38.4. 449-459.

Gabriel, P.E., D.B. Galligar. (2010).  “The Teaching Capacity Model: A Tool for Strategic Planning in Higher Education".  Educational Planning. 19.3. 12-21.

Gabriel, P.E., P. Groothuis. (2010).  "Positive Assortative Mating and Spouses as Complementary Factors of Production: A Theory of Labor Augmentation".  Applied Economics. 42.9. 1101-1111.