Gabriel, P. E., Surdam, D., Brown, K. (2016). Not so Black and White: Race and Promotion in Major League Baseball, 1951-1955. Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 40(4), 315-328.
Gabriel, P. E. (2016). The Doughboy Premium: An Empirical Assessment of the Relative Wages of American Veterans of World War I. Applied Economics Letters, 23(2), 93-96
Gabriel, P. E., Schmitz, S. (2015). An Examination of Ex-post Returns to a College Education for Prime-age US Workers. Southern Business & Economic Journal, 38(1), 51-60
Gabriel, P. E., Schmitz, S. (2014). A Longitudinal Examination of Wage Inequality and Labor Market Polarization in the United States. Empirical Economics Letters, The.
Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. “A Longitudinal Analysis of the Union Wage Premium for U.S. Workers.” Applied Economics Letters. 21.7 (2014). 486-489.
Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. "A Longitudinal Examination of Racial Differences in Occupational Distributions among Prime-aged Males in the United States." Economics Bulletin. 34.1 (2014). 106-114.
Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. “Empirical Issues in Measuring the Returns to Female Labor Market Experience.” Journal of Business & Economics Research. 11.10 (2013). 431-435.
Gabriel, P.E., D. Surdam, K.Brown. “An Inquiry into the Pay Structure of the New York Yankees: 1919-1941.” Eastern Economic Journal. 38.4 (2012). 449-459.
Gabriel, P.E., D.B. Galligar. “The Teaching Capacity Model: A Tool for Strategic Planning in Higher Education.” Educational Planning. 19.3 (2010). 12-21.
Gabriel, P.E., P. Groothuis. "Positive Assortative Mating and Spouses as Complementary Factors of Production: A Theory of Labor Augmentation." Applied Economics. 42.9 (2010). 1101-1111.
Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. "Gender Differences in Occupational Distributions Among Workers." Monthly Labor Review (2007).
Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. "The Impact of Gender Differences in Occupational Attainment on the Relative Earnings of Young Workers." Applied Economics Letters. 13.10 (2006).
Gabriel, P.E. "The Effects of Differences in Year-round, Full-time Labor Market Experience on Gender Wage Levels in the United States." International Review of Applied Economics. 19.3 (2005).
Gabriel, P.E., S. Schmitz. "A Note on Occupational Variations in the Returns to Education in the U.S. Labor Market." International Journal of Manpower. 26.5 (2005).
Gabriel, P.E. "A Longitudinal Examination of Earnings Inequality and Mobility among Full-time Workers in the United States." Social Science Journal. 42.4 (2005).
Presentation of Refereed Papers
Gabriel, P.E., D. Surdam, K. Brown."An Inquiry into the Pay Structure of the New York Yankees: 1919-1941." Missouri Valley Economics Association. Kansas City, Missouri. 2009.
Gabriel, P.E., and S. Schmitz. "An Empirical Comparison of Male-Female Differences in Labor Market Experience Measures: What are the Implications for Gender Wage Studies?" Oxford Business & Economics Conference. St. Hugh's College, Oxford, United Kingdom. 2008.