Loyola University Chicago

Department of Anthropology

Dr. Anne L. Grauer

Department of Anthropology
Loyola University Chicago
Lake Shore Campus
1032 W. Sheridan
Chicago, Illinois 60660
(773) 508-3464
(773) 508-3480 (Lab)
(773) 508-3383 (Fax)
E-mail: agrauer@luc.edu

Anne L. Grauer received her Ph.D. in biological anthropology from the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Her research interests include paleopathology (the study of ancient human disease) and bioarchaeology (the study of human remains from archaeological contexts). In particular, Dr. Grauer's research interests focus on how aspects of sex, gender, and social identity impact the presence of diseases in the past. She is currently analyzing skeletons from medieval England, from cemetery populations in 19th-century urban centers in the United States, and works in the collections of the Field Museum of Natural History.  Dr. Grauer served as the President of the Paleopathology Association and as the Secretary/Treasurer and the President of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA), now the American Association of Biological Anthropology (AABA). She is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Paleopathology.  Along with her position in the Department of Anthropology, she is an adjunct professor in the Biology Department, and a Research Associate in the Department of Anthropology at the Field Museum of Natural History. Dr. Grauer is a forensic consultant for the FBI's Evidence Response Team, the Cook County Sheriff’s Police, and the Cook County Medical Examiner’s Office.


Dr. Grauer's current research focuses on health and disease in historic-period populations in Britain and in the US. She focuses on the lives of medieval women in Britain, and issues of migration, social interaction and health in 19th century populations in the US. Recently, working with MARS (Midwest Archaeological Research Services, Inc.), Dr. Grauer served as the osteologist for the excavation and analysis of the Peoria City Cemetery, Peoria, Illinois: a 19th-century cemetery upon which the public library now rests. These burials were analyzed at the Loyola University Biological Anthropology Laboratory in an effort to determine the identity of the individuals, when possible, and to better understand 19th-century life in this important river city.


A.L. Grauer (Editor), (2023) Routledge Handbook of Paleopathology. Taylor and Francis, London.

A.L. Grauer, (2023) Paleopathology. In: M. Pollard, R. Armitage, & C. Makarewic (Eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Sciences (Second Edition). Wiley and Sons.

G. Robbins Schug, J. Buikstra, S. deWitte, B. Baker, E. Berger, M. Buzon, A. Davies Barrett, L. Goldstein, A.L. Grauer, et al., (2023) Perspective: Climate Change, Human Health, and Challenges to Resilience in the Holocene.  PNAS. 

Waxenbaum, E., and A.L. Grauer, (2022) Forensic anthropology casework at the Cook County   Illinois Medical Examiner's Office, Chicago, IL, 2012–2022. Journal of Forensic Sciences 67:2165-2172.

J.E. Buikstra, S.N. DeWitte, S.C. Agarwal, B.J. Baker, E. J. Bartelink, E. Berger,  K E. Blevin, K. Bolhofner, A.T. Boutin, M.B. Brickley, M.R. Buzon, C. de la Cova, L. Goldstein, R. Gowland, A.L. Grauer, et al., (2022)  21st-century bioarchaeology: Taking stock and moving forward. Yearbook of Biological Anthropology, 178(S74):54-114.

A.L. Grauer, H. Fujita, and D. H. Shin, (2021) History and Prospect of Paleopathology: 古病理学研究の回顧と展望 Archaeology Journal (Japan) 757:1-4.

A.L. Grauer, (2019) Circulatory, reticuloendothelial, and hemopietic disorders. In: Buikstra (ed.), Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, 3rd Edition, pp 491-529. Elsevier. ISBN-13: 978-0128097380

A.L. Grauer and Charlotte Roberts, (2019) Infectious diseases: Fungal, viral, multicelled parasitic and protozoan infections. In: Buikstra (ed.), Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, 3rd Edition, pp 441-478. Elsevier. ISBN-13: 978-0128097380

A.L. Grauer and J.E. Buikstra, (2019) Themes in paleopathology. In: Buikstra (ed.), Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains, 3rd Edition, pp 21-33. Elsevier. ISBN-13: 978-0128097380

S. Doubek and A.L. Grauer, (2019) Exploring structural inequality in postmortem practices from 19th century Chicago. In: Mant and Holland (eds.), Bioarchaeology of Marginalized People, pp 205-221. Academic Press/Elsevier Publ.

M. Anne Katzenberg and A.L. Grauer (Eds.), (2018) Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, 3rd Edition. Wiley Publishing. ISBN: 978-1-119-15164-7

A.L. Grauer, (2018) A century of paleopathologyAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology 165(4): 904-914. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23366

A.L. Grauer, A. Miller, (2017) Flesh on the bones: An historical and bioarchaeological exploration of sex, gender, and trauma in medieval England. Fragments: Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Ancient and Medieval Pasts, 6:38-79.

A.L. Grauer, V. Lathrop, and T. Timoteo, (2017) Exploring evidence of 19th century dissection in the Dunning Poorhouse cemetery. In: K. Nystrom (ed.), The Bioarchaeology of Dissection and Autopsy in the United States. Springer. Pgs. 301-314.

A.L. Grauer, L. Williaims, and M.C. Bird, (2016) Life and death in 19th century Peoria: Taking a biocultural approach towards understanding the past. In: M. Zuckerman and D. Martin (eds.), Biocultural Anthropology: New Directions. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Pgs. 201-218.

Grauer, A. (Editor) (2012) Companion to Paleopathology. Wiley-Blackwell Publishers.

A. Fitch, A. Grauer, and L. Augustine  (2010)  Lead Isotope Ratios: Tracking the Migration of European Americans to Grafton, Illinois in the 19th Century. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. Early View, October 4, 2010, DOI: 10.1002/oa.1207.

Grauer, A. (2008)  Macroscopic analysis and data collection in palaeopathology. In R. Pinhasi and S. Mays (Eds.) Advances in Human Palaeopathology. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. Pgs. 57-76.

Grauer, A.  (2007) Book Review: Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 14: Early medieval mortuary practices. S. Semple and H. Williams (Eds.). Institute of Archaeology, Oxford, 2007. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 18(3):327-328.

Grauer, A.  (2007) Phase III Data Recovery at MARS 1201: Too Good Site, Sleepy Hollow, Illinois. Analysis of Human Skeletal Remains. M.C. Bird and A.L. Grauer, CRM Report.

Grauer, A. (2003) Where were the women? In A. Herring and A. Swedlund (Eds.) Human Biologists in the Archives. Cambridge University Press. Pgs. 266-287

Buzon, M. and Grauer, A. (2002) A Bioarchaeological Analysis of Subsistence Strategies at the SU Site, New Mexico. Kiva, Vol 68, No. 2. Pgs. 103-122. 

Grauer, A. and Stuart-Macadam, P. (Eds.) (1998) Sex and Gender in Paleopathological Perspective. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Grauer, A. and Roberts, C. (1996) Paleoepidemiology, Healing, and Possible Treatment in the Medieval Cemetery of St. Helen-on-the-Walls, York, EnglandAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology. 100(4):531-544

Grauer, A. (1995) Analysis of the Human Skeletal Remains from the Tremaine Complex(47-Lc-95). In J. O'Gorman (ed): The Tremaine Site Complex: Oneota Occupation in the La Crosse Locality, Wisconsin. Archaeology Research Series 3. Museum Archaeology Program. State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Grauer, A. (Ed.) (1995) Bodies of Evidence: Reconstructing History Through Skeletal Analysis. Wiley-Liss, New York.

Grauer, A. and McNamara, E. (1995) A Piece of Chicago's Past: Exploring Subadult Mortality in the Dunning Poorhouse Cemetery. In A. Grauer (ed.) Bodies of Evidence: Reconstructing History Through Skeletal Analysis. Wiley-Liss, New York.

Opportunities for Student Involvement

Substantial effort is placed upon creating research opportunities for undergraduate and graduate students. Loyola students who have completed ANTH/BIO 326: Human Osteology are encouraged to develop independent projects that utilize the resources in the Biological Anthropology Laboratory, as well as those available at the Field Museum of Natural History. While some students are ready for independent work, others are encouraged to participate in faculty-guided research in order to become familiar with processes of skeletal analysis. All students are encouraged to participate in regional and national professional meetings and to publish their work.

Dr. Grauer's appointment as an Adjunct Professor in the Biology Department has allowed her to serve as advisor to graduate students wishing to receive a Masters Degree in Biology with an emphasis in Biological Anthropology. PhD students from other institutions are also welcome to work in collaboration with projects currently ongoing in the lab.




 ‌A light snack while excavating.


And another...


A break from snacking.



Why I never want to be a teenager again.