Professor Emeritus, Public Health Sciences

Faculty photo for Richard Cooper
  • I am a cardiovascular researcher with a primary focus on prevention. My work has been centered on the development and implementation of behavioral patterns that reduce risk of stroke and heart attack. I am also interested in research exploring the influence of genes on common illnesses, such as hypertension and obesity.

    • Bachelor's degree, University of Pennsylvania
    • MD, University of Arkansas College of Medicine
    • Residency in Internal Medicine: General, Montefiore Medical Center
    • Fellowship in Cardiology, Montefiore Medical Center 

    What prompted you to pursue your field?

    I trained in clinical cardiology but recognized that the real opportunity to make an impact came from prevention, so I continued for additional training in epidemiology, nutrition, and prevention. That directed me further into the areas of population health and research and broadened my perspective on disease causation and the underlying science of epidemiology. I also was focused, since early in my career, on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequities.


    • Increasing Mortality in Adults With Diabetes and Low Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Absence of Albuminuria Kramer,H.; Boucher,R. E.; Leehey,D.; Fried,L.; Wei,G.; Greene,T.; Rosas,S. E.; Cooper,R.; Cao,G.; Beddhu,S. Diabetes care 2018 ;41(4):775-781
    • Pros and Cons of Intensive Systolic Blood Pressure Lowering Kramer,H.; Cooper,R. Current hypertension reports 2018 ;20(2):16-018-0806-x
    • Trans-ethnic analysis of metabochip data identifies two new loci associated with BMI Gong,J.; Nishimura,K. K.; Fernandez-Rhodes,L.; Haessler,J.; Bien,S.; Graff,M.; Lim,U.; Lu,Y.; Gross,M.; Fornage,M.; Yoneyama,S.; Isasi,C. R.; Buzkova,P.; Daviglus,M.; Lin,D. Y.; Tao,R.; Goodloe,R.; Bush,W. S.; Farber-Eger,E.; Boston,J.; Dilks,H. H.; Ehret,G.; Gu,C. C.; Lewis,C. E.; Nguyen,K. H.; Cooper,R.; Leppert,M.; Irvin,M. R.; Bottinger,E. P.; Wilkens,L. R.; Haiman,C. A.; Park,L.; Monroe,K. R.; Cheng,I.; Stram,D. O.; Carlson,C. S.; Jackson,R.; Kuller,L.; Houston,D.; Kooperberg,C.; Buyske,S.; Hindorff,L. A.; Crawford,D. C.; Loos,R. J. F.; Le Marchand,L.; Matise,T. C.; North,K. E.; Peters,U. International journal of obesity (2005) 2018 ;42(3):384-390
    • Hypertension, Genes, and Environment: Challenges for Prevention and Risk Prediction Cooper,R. Circulation 2018 ;137(7):662-664
    • Independent association of resting energy expenditure with blood pressure: confirmation in populations of the African diaspora Creber,C.; Cooper,R. S.; Plange-Rhule,J.; Bovet,P.; Lambert,E. V.; Forrester,T. E.; Schoeller,D.; Riesen,W.; Korte,W.; Cao,G.; Luke,A.; Dugas,L. R. BMC cardiovascular disorders 2018 ;18(1):4-017-0737-5
    • Swing voting in the 2016 presidential election in counties where midlife mortality has been rising in white non-Hispanic Americans Bilal,U.; Knapp,E. A.; Cooper,R. S. Social science & medicine (1982) 2018 ;197:33-38
    • Reducing Cardiovascular Disparities Through Community-Engaged Implementation Research: A National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Workshop Report Mensah,G. A.; Cooper,R. S.; Siega-Riz,A. M.; Cooper,L. A.; Smith,J. D.; Brown,C. H.; Westfall,J. M.; Ofili,E. O.; Price,L. N.; Arteaga,S.; Green Parker,M. C.; Nelson,C. R.; Newsome,B. J.; Redmond,N.; Roper,R. A.; Beech,B. M.; Brooks,J. L.; Furr-Holden,D.; Gebreab,S. Y.; Giles,W. H.; James,R. S.; Lewis,T. T.; Mokdad,A. H.; Moore,K. D.; Ravenell,J. E.; Richmond,A.; Schoenberg,N. E.; Sims,M.; Singh,G. K.; Sumner,A. E.; Trevino,R. P.; Watson,K. S.; Aviles-Santa,M. L.; Reis,J. P.; Pratt,C. A.; Engelgau,M. M.; Goff,D. C.,Jr; Perez-Stable,E. J. Circulation research 2018 ;122(2):213-230
    • A Large-Scale Multi-ancestry Genome-wide Study Accounting for Smoking Behavior Identifies Multiple Significant Loci for Blood Pressure Sung,Y. J.; Winkler,T. W.; de Las Fuentes,L.; Bentley,A. R.; Brown,M. R.; Kraja,A. T.; Schwander,K.; Ntalla,I.; Guo,X.; Franceschini,N.; Lu,Y.; Cheng,C. Y.; Sim,X.; Vojinovic,D.; Marten,J.; Musani,S. K.; Li,C.; Feitosa,M. F.; Kilpelainen,T. O.; Richard,M. A.; Noordam,R.; Aslibekyan,S.; Aschard,H.; Bartz,T. M.; Dorajoo,R.; Liu,Y.; Manning,A. K.; Rankinen,T.; Smith,A. V.; Tajuddin,S. M.; Tayo,B. O.; Warren,H. R.; Zhao,W.; Zhou,Y.; Matoba,N.; Sofer,T.; Alver,M.; Amini,M.; Boissel,M.; Chai,J. F.; Chen,X.; Divers,J.; Gandin,I.; Gao,C.; Giulianini,F.; Goel,A.; Harris,S. E.; Hartwig,F. P.; Horimoto,A. R. V. R.; Hsu,F. C.; Jackson,A. U.; Kahonen,M.; Kasturiratne,A.; Kuhnel,B.; Leander,K.; Lee,W. J.; Lin,K. H.; 'an Luan,J.; McKenzie,C. A.; Meian,H.; Nelson,C. P.; Rauramaa,R.; Schupf,N.; Scott,R. A.; Sheu,W. H. H.; Stancakova,A.; Takeuchi,F.; van der Most,P. J.; Varga,T. V.; Wang,H.; Wang,Y.; Ware,E. B.; Weiss,S.; Wen,W.; Yanek,L. R.; Zhang,W.; Zhao,J. H.; Afaq,S.; Alfred,T.; Amin,N.; Arking,D.; Aung,T.; Barr,R. G.; Bielak,L. F.; Boerwinkle,E.; Bottinger,E. P.; Braund,P. S.; Brody,J. A.; Broeckel,U.; Cabrera,C. P.; Cade,B.; Caizheng,Y.; Campbell,A.; Canouil,M.; Chakravarti,A.; CHARGE Neurology Working Group; Chauhan,G.; Christensen,K.; Cocca,M.; COGENT-Kidney Consortium; Collins,F. S.; Connell,J. M.; de Mutsert,R.; de Silva,H. J.; Debette,S.; Dorr,M.; Duan,Q.; Eaton,C. B.; Ehret,G.; Evangelou,E.; Faul,J. D.; Fisher,V. A.; Forouhi,N. G.; Franco,O. H.; Friedlander,Y.; Gao,H.; GIANT Consortium; Gigante,B.; Graff,M.; Gu,C. C.; Gu,D.; Gupta,P.; Hagenaars,S. P.; Harris,T. B.; He,J.; Heikkinen,S.; Heng,C. K.; Hirata,M.; Hofman,A.; Howard,B. V.; Hunt,S.; Irvin,M. R.; Jia,Y.; Joehanes,R.; Justice,A. E.; Katsuya,T.; Kaufman,J.; Kerrison,N. D.; Khor,C. C.; Koh,W. P.; Koistinen,H. A.; Komulainen,P.; Kooperberg,C.; Krieger,J. E.; Kubo,M.; Kuusisto,J.; Langefeld,C. D.; Langenberg,C.; Launer,L. J.; Lehne,B.; Lewis,C. E.; Li,Y.; Lifelines Cohort Study; Lim,S. H.; Lin,S.; Liu,C. T.; Liu,J.; Liu,J.; Liu,K.; Liu,Y.; Loh,M.; Lohman,K. K.; Long,J.; Louie,T.; Magi,R.; Mahajan,A.; Meitinger,T.; Metspalu,A.; Milani,L.; Momozawa,Y.; Morris,A. P.; Mosley TH,Jr; Munson,P.; Murray,A. D.; Nalls,M. A.; Nasri,U.; Norris,J. M.; North,K.; Ogunniyi,A.; Padmanabhan,S.; Palmas,W. R.; Palmer,N. D.; Pankow,J. S.; Pedersen,N. L.; Peters,A.; Peyser,P. A.; Polasek,O.; Raitakari,O. T.; Renstrom,F.; Rice,T. K.; Ridker,P. M.; Robino,A.; Robinson,J. G.; Rose,L. M.; Rudan,I.; Sabanayagam,C.; Salako,B. L.; Sandow,K.; Schmidt,C. O.; Schreiner,P. J.; Scott,W. R.; Seshadri,S.; Sever,P.; Sitlani,C. M.; Smith,J. A.; Snieder,H.; Starr,J. M.; Strauch,K.; Tang,H.; Taylor,K. D.; Teo,Y. Y.; Tham,Y. C.; Uitterlinden,A. G.; Waldenberger,M.; Wang,L.; Wang,Y. X.; Wei,W. B.; Williams,C.; Wilson,G.; Wojczynski,M. K.; Yao,J.; Yuan,J. M.; Zonderman,A. B.; Becker,D. M.; Boehnke,M.; Bowden,D. W.; Chambers,J. C.; Chen,Y. I.; de Faire,U.; Deary,I. J.; Esko,T.; Farrall,M.; Forrester,T.; Franks,P. W.; Freedman,B. I.; Froguel,P.; Gasparini,P.; Gieger,C.; Horta,B. L.; Hung,Y. J.; Jonas,J. B.; Kato,N.; Kooner,J. S.; Laakso,M.; Lehtimaki,T.; Liang,K. W.; Magnusson,P. K. E.; Newman,A. B.; Oldehinkel,A. J.; Pereira,A. C.; Redline,S.; Rettig,R.; Samani,N. J.; Scott,J.; Shu,X. O.; van der Harst,P.; Wagenknecht,L. E.; Wareham,N. J.; Watkins,H.; Weir,D. R.; Wickremasinghe,A. R.; Wu,T.; Zheng,W.; Kamatani,Y.; Laurie,C. C.; Bouchard,C.; Cooper,R. S.; Evans,M. K.; Gudnason,V.; Kardia,S. L. R.; Kritchevsky,S. B.; Levy,D.; O'Connell,J. R.; Psaty,B. M.; van Dam,R. M.; Sims,M.; Arnett,D. K.; Mook-Kanamori,D. O.; Kelly,T. N.; Fox,E. R.; Hayward,C.; Fornage,M.; Rotimi,C. N.; Province,M. A.; van Duijn,C. M.; Tai,E. S.; Wong,T. Y.; Loos,R. J. F.; Reiner,A. P.; Rotter,J. I.; Zhu,X.; Bierut,L. J.; Gauderman,W. J.; Caulfield,M. J.; Elliott,P.; Rice,K.; Munroe,P. B.; Morrison,A. C.; Cupples,L. A.; Rao,D. C.; Chasman,D. I. American Journal of Human Genetics 2018 ;102(3):375-400
    • Economic growth and mortality: do social protection policies matter? Bilal,U.; Cooper,R.; Abreu,F.; Nau,C.; Franco,M.; Glass,T. A. International journal of epidemiology 2017
    • Cardiovascular risk status of Afro-origin populations across the spectrum of economic development: findings from the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study Dugas,L. R.; Forrester,T. E.; Plange-Rhule,J.; Bovet,P.; Lambert,E. V.; Durazo-Arvizu,R. A.; Cao,G.; Cooper,R. S.; Khatib,R.; Tonino,L.; Riesen,W.; Korte,W.; Kliethermes,S.; Luke,A. BMC Public Health 2017 ;17(1):438-017-4318-4
    • Accelerometer-measured physical activity is not associated with two-year weight change in African-origin adults from five diverse populations Dugas,L. R.; Kliethermes,S.; Plange-Rhule,J.; Tong,L.; Bovet,P.; Forrester,T. E.; Lambert,E. V.; Schoeller,D. A.; Durazo-Arvizu,R. A.; Shoham,D. A.; Cao,G.; Brage,S.; Ekelund,U.; Cooper,R. S.; Luke,A. PeerJ 2017 ;5:e2902
    • Erratum to: Training nurses in task-shifting strategies for the management and control of hypertension in Ghana: a mixed-methods study Gyamfi,J.; Plange-Rhule,J.; Iwelunmor,J.; Lee,D.; Blackstone,S. R.; Mitchell,A.; Ntim,M.; Apusiga,K.; Tayo,B.; Yeboah-Awudzi,K.; Cooper,R.; Ogedegbe,G. BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH 2017 ;17(1):216-017-2161-z
    • Training nurses in task-shifting strategies for the management and control of hypertension in Ghana: a mixed-methods study Gyamfi,J.; Plange-Rhule,J.; Iwelunmor,J.; Lee,D.; Blackstone,S. R.; Mitchell,A.; Ntim,M.; Apusiga,K.; Tayo,B.; Yeboah-Awudzi,K.; Cooper,R.; Ogedegbe,G. BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH 2017 ;17(1):104-017-2026-5
    • Assessment of Measures of Adiposity that Correlate with Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Africans Adeoye,A. M.; Adebayo,O.; Nwosu,M.; Adebiyi,A.; Owolabi,M. O.; Tayo,B. O.; Salako,B. L.; Ogunniyi,A.; Cooper,R. S. Annals of Ibadan postgraduate medicine 2017 ;15(2):82-87
    • Circadian blood pressure variation amongst people with chronic kidney diseases: A pilot study in Ibadan Adeoye,A. M.; Raji,Y. R.; Adebiyi,A.; Tayo,B. O.; Salako,B. L.; Ogunniyi,A.; Ojo,A.; Cooper,R. The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal 2017 ;24(3):131-136
    • Cut-Point Levels of Phosphatidylethanol to Identify Alcohol Misuse in a Mixed Cohort Including Critically Ill Patients Afshar,M.; Burnham,E. L.; Joyce,C.; Clark,B. J.; Yong,M.; Gaydos,J.; Cooper,R. S.; Smith,G. S.; Kovacs,E. J.; Lowery,E. M. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research 2017 ;41(10):1745-1753
    • The Contributing Risk of Tobacco Use for ARDS Development in Burn-Injured Adults With Inhalation Injury Afshar,M.; Netzer,G.; Mosier,M. J.; Cooper,R. S.; Adams,W.; Burnham,E. L.; Kovacs,E. J.; Durazo-Arvizu,R.; Kliethermes,S. Respiratory care 2017 ;62(11):1456-1465
    • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and blood pressure: a plateau effect in adults with African ancestry living at different latitudes Chiang,D.; Kramer,H.; Luke,A.; Cooper,R.; Aloia,J.; Bovet,P.; Plange-Rhule,J.; Forrester,T.; Lambert,V.; Camacho,P.; Dugas,L.; Durazo-Arvizu,R. Journal of hypertension 2017 ;35(5):968-974
    • Lipid profile, cardiovascular disease and mortality in a Mediterranean high-risk population: The ESCARVAL-RISK study Orozco-Beltran,D.; Gil-Guillen,V. F.; Redon,J.; Martin-Moreno,J. M.; Pallares-Carratala,V.; Navarro-Perez,J.; Valls-Roca,F.; Sanchis-Domenech,C.; Fernandez-Gimenez,A.; Perez-Navarro,A.; Bertomeu-Martinez,V.; Bertomeu-Gonzalez,V.; Cordero,A.; Pascual de la Torre,M.; Trillo,J. L.; Carratala-Munuera,C.; Pita-Fernandez,S.; Uso,R.; Durazo-Arvizu,R.; Cooper,R.; Sanz,G.; Castellano,J. M.; Ascaso,J. F.; Carmena,R.; Tellez-Plaza,M.; ESCARVAL Study Group PLoS ONE 2017 ;12(10):e0186196
    • Admixture mapping in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos reveals regions of genetic associations with blood pressure traits Sofer,T.; Baier,L. J.; Browning,S. R.; Thornton,T. A.; Talavera,G. A.; Wassertheil-Smoller,S.; Daviglus,M. L.; Hanson,R.; Kobes,S.; Cooper,R. S.; Cai,J.; Levy,D.; Reiner,A. P.; Franceschini,N. PLoS ONE 2017 ;12(11):e0188400
    • Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Hypertension Cooper,R. S.; Kaufman,J. S.; Bovet,P. JAMA 2017 ;317(19):2017-2018
    • Generalization and fine mapping of European ancestry-based central adiposity variants in African ancestry populations Yoneyama,S.; Yao,J.; Guo,X.; Fernandez-Rhodes,L.; Lim,U.; Boston,J.; Buzkova,P.; Carlson,C. S.; Cheng,I.; Cochran,B.; Cooper,R.; Ehret,G.; Fornage,M.; Gong,J.; Gross,M.; Gu,C. C.; Haessler,J.; Haiman,C. A.; Henderson,B.; Hindorff,L. A.; Houston,D.; Irvin,M. R.; Jackson,R.; Kuller,L.; Leppert,M.; Lewis,C. E.; Li,R.; Le Marchand,L.; Matise,T. C.; Nguyen,K. D.; Chakravarti,A.; Pankow,J. S.; Pankratz,N.; Pooler,L.; Ritchie,M. D.; Bien,S. A.; Wassel,C. L.; Chen,Y. D.; Taylor,K. D.; Allison,M.; Rotter,J. I.; Schreiner,P. J.; Schumacher,F.; Wilkens,L.; Boerwinkle,E.; Kooperberg,C.; Peters,U.; Buyske,S.; Graff,M.; North,K. E. International journal of obesity (2005) 2017 ;41(2):324-331
    • Associations of alpha-thalassemia and BCL11A with stroke in Nigerian, United States, and United Kingdom sickle cell anemia cohorts Saraf,S. L.; Akingbola,T. S.; Shah,B. N.; Ezekekwu,C. A.; Sonubi,O.; Zhang,X.; Hsu,L. L.; Gladwin,M. T.; Machado,R. F.; Cooper,R. S.; Gordeuk,V. R.; Tayo,B. O. Blood advances 2017 ;1(11):693-698
    • Response by Bress et al to Letters Regarding Article, "Potential Deaths Averted and Serious Adverse Events Incurred From Adoption of the SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial) Intensive Blood Pressure Regimen in the United States: Projections from NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey)" Bress,A. P.; Kramer,H.; Cooper,R. S. Circulation 2017 ;136(12):1174-1175
    • Potential Deaths Averted and Serious Adverse Events Incurred From Adoption of the SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial) Intensive Blood Pressure Regimen in the United States: Projections From NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) Bress,A. P.; Kramer,H.; Khatib,R.; Beddhu,S.; Cheung,A. K.; Hess,R.; Bansal,V. K.; Cao,G.; Yee,J.; Moran,A. E.; Durazo-Arvizu,R.; Muntner,P.; Cooper,R. S. Circulation 2017 ;135(17):1617-1628
    • Genome-wide survey in African Americans demonstrates potential epistasis of fitness in the human genome Wang,H.; Choi,Y.; Tayo,B.; Wang,X.; Morris,N.; Zhang,X.; Broeckel,U.; Hanis,C.; Kardia,S.; Redline,S.; Cooper,R. S.; Tang,H.; Zhu,X. Genetic epidemiology 2017 ;41(2):122-135
    • Rare coding variants associated with blood pressure variation in 15 914 individuals of African ancestry Nandakumar,P.; Lee,D.; Richard,M. A.; Tekola-Ayele,F.; Tayo,B. O.; Ware,E.; Sung,Y. J.; Salako,B.; Ogunniyi,A.; Gu,C. C.; Grove,M. L.; Fornage,M.; Kardia,S.; Rotima,C.; Cooper,R. S.; Morrison,A. C.; Ehret,G.; Chakravarti,A. Journal of hypertension 2017
    • Single-trait and multi-trait genome-wide association analyses identify novel loci for blood pressure in African-ancestry populations Liang,J.; Le,T. H.; Edwards,D. R. V.; Tayo,B. O.; Gaulton,K. J.; Smith,J. A.; Lu,Y.; Jensen,R. A.; Chen,G.; Yanek,L. R.; Schwander,K.; Tajuddin,S. M.; Sofer,T.; Kim,W.; Kayima,J.; McKenzie,C. A.; Fox,E.; Nalls,M. A.; Young,J. H.; Sun,Y. V.; Lane,J. M.; Cechova,S.; Zhou,J.; Tang,H.; Fornage,M.; Musani,S. K.; Wang,H.; Lee,J.; Adeyemo,A.; Dreisbach,A. W.; Forrester,T.; Chu,P. L.; Cappola,A.; Evans,M. K.; Morrison,A. C.; Martin,L. W.; Wiggins,K. L.; Hui,Q.; Zhao,W.; Jackson,R. D.; Ware,E. B.; Faul,J. D.; Reiner,A. P.; Bray,M.; Denny,J. C.; Mosley,T. H.; Palmas,W.; Guo,X.; Papanicolaou,G. J.; Penman,A. D.; Polak,J. F.; Rice,K.; Taylor,K. D.; Boerwinkle,E.; Bottinger,E. P.; Liu,K.; Risch,N.; Hunt,S. C.; Kooperberg,C.; Zonderman,A. B.; Laurie,C. C.; Becker,D. M.; Cai,J.; Loos,R. J. F.; Psaty,B. M.; Weir,D. R.; Kardia,S. L. R.; Arnett,D. K.; Won,S.; Edwards,T. L.; Redline,S.; Cooper,R. S.; Rao,D. C.; Rotter,J. I.; Rotimi,C.; Levy,D.; Chakravarti,A.; Zhu,X.; Franceschini,N. PLoS Genetics 2017 ;13(5):e1006728
    • Reducing Health Inequities in the U.S.: Recommendations From the NHLBI's Health Inequities Think Tank Meeting Sampson,U. K.; Kaplan,R. M.; Cooper,R. S.; Diez Roux,A. V.; Marks,J. S.; Engelgau,M. M.; Peprah,E.; Mishoe,H.; Boulware,L. E.; Felix,K. L.; Califf,R. M.; Flack,J. M.; Cooper,L. A.; Gracia,J. N.; Henderson,J. A.; Davidson,K. W.; Krishnan,J. A.; Lewis,T. T.; Sanchez,E.; Luban,N. L.; Vaccarino,V.; Wong,W. F.; Wright,J. T.,Jr; Meyers,D.; Ogedegbe,O. G.; Presley-Cantrell,L.; Chambers,D. A.; Belis,D.; Bennett,G. C.; Boyington,J. E.; Creazzo,T. L.; de Jesus,J. M.; Krishnamurti,C.; Lowden,M. R.; Punturieri,A.; Shero,S. T.; Young,N. S.; Zou,S.; Mensah,G. A. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2016 ;68(5):517-524
    • APOL1, Alpha thalassemia, and BCL11A variants as a genetic risk profile for progression of chronic kidney disease in sickle cell anemia Saraf,S. L.; Shah,B. N.; Zhang,X.; Han,J.; Tayo,B. O.; Abbasi,T.; Ostrower,A.; Guzman,E.; Molokie,R. E.; Gowhari,M.; Hassan,J.; Jain,S.; Cooper,R. S.; Machado,R. F.; Lash,J. P.; Gordeuk,V. R. Haematologica 2016
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