Loyola University Chicago

Department of History

Graduate Course Descriptions

400 Twentieth Century Approaches to History

This course focuses on twentieth century historical writing, emphasizing changing interpretive paradigms and innovative methodologies. It examines the rise of social history and then cultural history as the dominant historical genres and the new focus on previously ignored subjects like gender and sexuality. In so doing, it also explores the impact on historians of theories and methodologies from other fields, especially the social sciences and literary criticism. This course should be taken early in the student's program. (Staff)

410 Topics:

Special topics or new approaches of current interest to the instructor.

Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance History

413 The Early Middle Ages

This course is an introduction to the main historiography issues of the early medieval period. These include such topics as the degree of continuity between antiquity and the Middle Ages; ethnogenesis; the role and power of women (and men); the relationship between the Islamic world and Europe; feudalism and its alternative conceptions; the many faces of European religious culture; Charlemagne in myth and reality, and the significance of the Carolingian period.

414 The High Middle Ages

This course is an introduction to the main historiographical issues of the Central Middle Ages. We will survey recent approaches to political, cultural, and intellectual developments from c. 1000 to c. 1350. Possible topics include statebuilding, indulgences, heresy, the crusades, lay literacy, scholasticism, the papacy, the growth of towns, and the cultures of Spain.

415 The Late Middle Ages

This course will acquaint students with recent historiography on the history of the later Middle Ages (ca. 1350–1500), with special emphasis on the developments in Italy. Possible topics for investigation include urbanism, government and ideology; the economy, workers and bourgeois oligarchy; demography, household structure and family life; sexuality, health and crime; marriage, burial and civic rituals; the institutional Church, faith and non-conformity; humanism, education and politics.

417 Cult and Culture in the Middle Ages

The course has a variable focus on topics pertaining to medieval religious experience and its institutional settings.

418 Medieval Ideas and Cultural Contexts

This course has a variable focus on topics pertaining to the history of ideas and intellectual history of the Middle Ages and the social and cultural nexus in which they develop.

485 Ancient Greece

This course is an introduction to the main political, economic, social, and cultural events and trends of ancient Greek history, the primary sources associated with them, and the historiographical debates about them.

486 Ancient Rome: Family and Community, 1–600 A.D.

This course explores how Roman families and communities changed between the 1st century B.C. and 6th century A.D. The goal is to introduce graduate students to some of the topics and methods of social history in a pre-modern context. No knowledge of the ancient languages is necessary.

488 Topics in Medieval History: Variable Title

Topics and descriptions vary according to interest of the instructor, such as medieval monasticism, from the early apostolic communities to the mendicant orders.

508 Selected Topics in Roman Empire

This course is an intensive study of variable topics of Roman history.

523 Seminar in Medieval History: Variable Title

The topics and descriptions of this course vary according to the interest of the instructor.

Early Modern Europe

419 English Social History: 1500–1750

This is an introduction to early modern English social and cultural history under the Tudors and Stuarts.

421 Reformation and Counter-Reformation in Germany, 1517–1648

This course will explore Luther and Lutheranism; the Reformation in south Germany; Charles V; the Religious Peace; the Council of Trent; militant Calvinism vs. revived Catholicism; Maximilian of Bavaria; the Counter-Reformation Prince; the crisis in the Habsburg lands; the Thirty Years War; the impact of Reformation and Counter-Reformation on German life and history.

489 Europe from 1560 to 1660: From Disruption to Stability

The year 1560 saw Europe challenged by the changes of the first half of the sixteenth century: the Renaissance, the Reformation, the expansion of Europe, and new stages in the development of the state and of a capitalist economy. This course investigates the often painful coming to terms with these changes during the following century. By 1660 Europe was on the verge of the Old Regime and the Enlightenment. Principal topics to be treated are the Catholic Reform and Counter-Reformation, the Wars of Religion (French Religious Wars, War of Dutch Independence, the Thirty Years War), Mannerist and Baroque Art, the secularization of politics, the emergence of absolutism, and the triumph of the aristocracy.

531 Topics in 16th and 17th Century Europe

This seminar will deal with the transition from late-Medieval to Counter-Reformation Catholicism; that is, with the development of Catholicism from roughly 1400 to 1700, with an emphasis on the second half of the period.

Modern Europe

426 The French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon

This course is an introduction to the major debates, canonical works, and recent scholarship about the French Revolution through the Napoleonic era and will examine the political, economic, social, and cultural events and issues of the French Revolution.

433 Modern European Nations

This course will analyze selected topics in the political, international, social, economic, and cultural history of particular European Nations from the late eighteenth century to the present. (Staff)

436 Topics in European History

This course will explore major themes of European society and politics up to the Second World War, as well as intellectual responses to it. Possible issues include resistance to modernization, World War I, interwar diplomacy, Fascism, Great Depression, Nazism, Spanish Civil War, origins of World War II. (Staff)

441 Women's and Gender History: Europe

This course explores the literature of women and gender in European history. The chronological focus may vary with the instructor (Modern Europe, British, etc.).

491 Modern Europe 1789–1870

This course introduces students to the debates, canonical works, and recent scholarship about European society, culture, and politics from the late eighteenth century to the late nineteenth century.

533 Seminar in Modern European History

A variable topics course in which selected political, intellectual, religious, social, and economic problems from the late seventeenth century to the present are considered. (Staff)

536 Nationalism in the Soviet Union

This research course investigates the nature of nationalist movements in the former Soviet Union and their role in the dissolution of the USSR.

Britain and Ireland

419 English Social History: 1500–1750

This is an introduction to the early modern English social and cultural history under the Tudors and Stuarts.

425 England or Ireland, 1800 to the Present

This variable topics course will explore some of the major themes in either modern English or Irish history. Topics such as economic, demographic, social, and cultural change and the political response to these changes in England or Ireland will be considered.

439 Britain 1714–1832

This is an introduction to the historical agreement and controversy in the study of the eighteenth century British social and cultural history. Changes in historical methods and theoretical frameworks are analyzed.

440 Britain 1832–1914

This is an introduction to historical agreement and controversy in the study of the nineteenth century British social and cultural history. Changes in historical methods and theoretical frameworks are analyzed.

493 Modern British History Since 1914

This is an introduction to historical agreement and controversy in the study of the twentieth century British social and cultural history. Changes in historical methods and theoretical frameworks are analyzed.

525 Research Seminar in Modern Ireland

This research seminar will explore topics in the social and economic history of nineteenth and twentieth century Ireland.

549 Seminar in British History 1760–1914

Research on selected topics in British history will be studied. The seminar is normally conducted on a particular subject or on a particular period between 1760–1914.


467 East Asia and the West

This course examines points of interaction between the West and East Asia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Discussion includes issues of intellectual, political, social, and cultural history.

472 Topics in Modern Japanese History

This course examines key issues in Japan's modern history. Possible topics include modernization, restoration or revolution, the emperor, imperialism, war, and occupation.

478 Problems in Twentieth-Century Chinese History

This course will focus on one of the central problems in the history of twentieth-century china. Possible topics include reform movements, revolution, peasants and village life, and state-society relations.

Latin America

496 Latin American History to 1810

This course introduces students to major themes in the colonial history of the region known today as Latin America from conquest to independence.

497 Latin American History since 1810

This course introduces students to the major themes and trends in the development of Latin America from the Wars of Independence to the present.

United States History

442 Women's and Gender History: US

This course explores the literature on women and gender in United States history with attention to theoretical issues, a broad chronological scope, and cultural diversity.

445 Atlantic World

This course surveys scholarship in the burgeoning field of British Atlantic history c. 1500-1800. Students will become acquainted with the field and understand historiographic foundations for graduate research in early American and/or early modern British and European history.

446 Readings in Early North America (contact to 1800)

This course surveys the historiography of North America from Euro-Native contact to the election of Jefferson in 1800.  It explores the major events of this period and region from both continental and Atlantic world perspectives. At the end of the semester, students should be conversant in the primary debates in the field, its major development over time, and the varied methods used by historians.    Students should also demonstrate their competency in writing historiography.

 450 Nineteenth Century US History

This course will review the historiography of the most important topics in nineteenth century American history, including market expansion and social development, slavery, the Civil War and reconstruction, and industrialization.

451 History of the American West

This class will review the important historiography of western and frontier history from the late 1980s and 1990s. Although including books that deal with the full range of frontier history, from 1500 to the 20th century and from New England to California, the course will focus somewhat on the Trans-Appalachian area. Among the sub-themes which will be addressed will be American Indian history, Women's history, and environmental history.

453 The Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850–1877

Readings and discussion on this pivotal area. Focusing on the central theme of race relations, the course will examine the nature of plantation society, the emergence of radical abolitionism, the social and intellectual impacts of the War, and the reconstruction of American politics and society after the conflict. What historians have said about the period and the methods they have used to study it will be stressed.

455 Immigration and Ethnicity

Through readings on ethnicity and immigration, students will become familiar with important literature in the field. Extensive discussion will develop abilities to exchange ideas and evaluate significant historical works.

458 US Social and Intellectual History since 1865

This course will deal with problems in American cultural, social, intellectual, and institutional history, largely outside the political realm. The emphasis will vary.

460 US Urban Cultural and Social History

This courses focuses on significant issues in the development of Urban America. Attention will be given to economic development, industrialization, crime and policing, music and entertainment, race and ethnicity, as well as the role of religion in urban social and cultural life. The ways in which certain cities developed into cultural capitals will also be explored. This is the basic course for students who wish to take a concentration in US Urban Social and Cultural History.

461 Twentieth Century America

This course focuses on major historiographical questions reflecting the diversity of inquiry in the field of twentieth century US history, including political, diplomatic, social, cultural, and economic studies.

554 Pre-Civil War Period, 1829–1865

Using available primary sources, students will study aspects of pioneer settlement; the various surveys and exploratory expeditions of the period under federal and state sponsorship; and, if warranted, the final phases of indian removal from the midwest.

555 US Social and Intellectual History

This course includes a spectrum of interests, from training in the research of writing the "history of the inarticulate" (the "new" social history) at one end, to the history of ideas and "high culture" (intellectual history) at the other. The focus of the course in a given semester depends upon the research interests of the instructor. The finished product is a paper on an original historical topic. The student will move through all of the steps in such a production, from the selection of a topic to a final draft. (Staff)

557 Studies in American Expansion

The frontier theory and its historiography; the pattern of the westward movement; transportation, urbanization, and economic growth; land, labor, and immigration; territorial expansion and its political problems.

558 Studies in American Cultural History

Research seminar using primary sources in American cultural, social, technological, intellectual and institutional history. The emphasis will be on the city but will vary according to the instructor.

559 The Ethnic Experience

The course will focus on original research on topics in immigration history selected by students. Common discussion of techniques of investigation will accompany and enhance the experience of individual research in primary sources.

583 Quantitative Methods in Social History

This course is an introduction to the use of social science theory and quantitative methodology in social history. It includes hands-on instruction in computer database and statistical analysis programs, and has an individual research component.

584 Local History

Research seminar that explores the nature and practice of local history and the various methods and approaches central to local history research. The course has three objectives: (1) to introduce students to the literature on local history; (2) to acquaint students with the methodology critical to local history research, and (3) to conduct original research on a local history topic, with topical areas varying from year-to-year.

Women's and Gender History

441 Women's and Gender History: Europe

This course explores the literature of women and gender in European history. The chronological focus may vary with the instructor (Modern Europe, British, etc.).

442 Women's and Gender History: US

This course explores the literature on women and gender in United States history with attention to theoretical issues, a broad chronological scope, and cultural diversity.

561 Seminar: Women's and Gender History

This seminar focuses on the use of gender as a category of analysis in history, and is particularly appropriate for those who have taken courses in Women's and Gender History or Women's Studies. Students will produce a major research paper; they may choose any topic relevant to issues of gender or women for any time period or society, as long as adequate primary sources are available.

Public History

479 Public History Media

An introduction to the use of public media in the presentation of history programs. Through a series of assignments, the class will explore the practical problems involved in the preparation of various media projects, such as kiosk-type exhibits, radio programs, public conferences, video documentaries, museum type exhibits, interactive computer programs, and street-level outreach projects. For the purposes of this course, the class will constitute itself as a historical consultant company and work as a group. The final product of each assignment will be a full-blown proposal appropriate for each type of media project. (Staff)

480 Public History: Method and Theory

This course will survey the development of the field of public history with special attention given to the history, philosophy, and purposes of historical agencies; archives; museum organization and operation; cultural resource management; the involvement of historians in local, state, and federal government; the relationship between historians and the business community; and historians and public programming. The professional responsibilities of the historian in dealing with employment issues, society, and the historical profession will also be considered.

481 Management of Historical Resources

This course will consider the problems of protecting and interpreting historical and cultural resources. Topics will include: historic preservation, historical architecture and urban redevelopment, the National Register of Historic Places, historical archaeology, and the writing of cultural resource impact statements. Instruction will involve both faculty and practitioners of public history.

482 Archives and Records Management

The techniques of selecting, arranging, preserving, and guaranteeing the security of records of current and historical significance. Problems of confidentiality will be considered as well as appropriate means of indexing and retrieval of written documents, machine-readable records, records and tapes, film and videotape documents.

483 Oral History: Method and Practice

This course begins with a review of the various approaches to oral history and a survey of studies which have depended on it. Students will be asked to design a group oral history project. After testing the design and evaluating their initial interviewing efforts, they will complete the project and interpret the data. Each student will be expected to complete part of the research report as well as conduct one or more interviews.

484 Material Culture

This course introduces graduate students to a wide range of approaches to the study of American material culture in its many forms, including homespun artifacts and mass-produced consumer objects, roadside architecture and urban form, the body and fashion, foodways, and the material culture of childhood. The course will consider the various ways scholars use material culture to "do history", with an emphasis on artifacts as evidence of cultural expression and as products and mediators of social relations.

487 Management of History Museums

This course is designed to introduce students to the theory and techniques of history museum management. Topics under discussion include the problems surrounding artifact collection, conservation, and interpretation; the role of research in exhibit preparation and public programming; the ethical dimensions of museum activities; and the theoretical and practical aspects of history museum administration.

581 Practicum in Public History

Practicums provide students with specific exposure to an aspect of the practice of public history. Practicums are undertaken either under the direct supervision of Loyola faculty or the joint supervision of a Loyola faculty member and a cooperating off-campus supervisor.

582 Public History Internship

The internship will provide an extended practical experience in the field of public history. Internships are tailored to fit the needs of the individual student and the needs of the off-campus agency involved. As part of their program, all public history students must undertake an internship either doing public history in the private sector or with a public agency. The internship is available during any semester and its timing is related to an individual student's progress in the program. The number of weeks it will last and hours per week entailed will vary from experience to experience, although it must run a minimum of six weeks. Upon successful completion of their internship, students will earn three hours of credit.

Directed Study/Research

498 Dissertation Research

Students register for this course once they begin work on their dissertation and have not yet completed the sixty hours required for the PhD degree. If necessary, this course can be taken up to three times.

499 Directed Study

This course provides students with the opportunity to work under the direction of a faculty member on a particular area of interest.

598 Dissertation Proposal Seminar

Students work closely with an advisor to prepare their dissertation proposal.

599 Directed Primary Research

In this course students work under the direction of an advisor on a specific research project and produce a Master's Essay in lieu of the seminar requirement.


410 Topics

This course focuses on selected topics or new approaches in history of current interest to the instructor.

600 Dissertation Supervision

Students take this course once they complete all requirements for the PhD except the dissertation. The purpose of this course is to maintain active enrollment in the Graduate School during the fall and spring semesters. No credit hours are associated with this course and students receive a grade of CR.

605 Master's Study

Students register for 605 to maintain active enrollment in the Graduate School during the fall or spring semesters if they are not registers for any graduate class at the master's level while finishing up their requirements, such as field examinations and the research project.

610 Doctoral Study

Doctoral students may register for this course to maintain active enrollment in the Graduate School while they are studying for their field examinations. This course can only be taken twice.